Med Terms - Chapter 8

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411 terms

amni/o

amnion (amniotic sac)
amni/o/centesis (ăm-nē-ō-sĕn-TĒ-sĭs): surgical puncture of the amniotic sac
-centesis: surgical puncture

cervic/o

neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)

cervic/itis (sĕr-vĭ-SĪ-tĭs): inflammation of cervix uteri
-itis: infl ammation

colp/o

vagina

colp/o/scopy (kŏl-PŎS-kō-pē): examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument (colposcope)
-scopy: visual examination

vagin/o

vagina

vagin/o/cele (VĂJ-ĭn-ō-sēl): herniation into the vagina; also called a colpocele
-cele: hernia, swelling

galact/o

milk

galact/o/rrhea (gă-lăk-tō-RĒ-ă): discharge or fl ow of milk
-rrhea: discharge, fl ow

lact/o

lact/o/gen (LĂK-tō-jĕn): production and secretion of milk
-gen: forming, producing, origin

gynec/o

woman, female

gynec/o/logist (gī-nĕ-KŎL-ō-jĭst): physician specializing in treating disorders of the female reproductive system
-logist: specialist in study of

hyster/o

uterus (womb)

hyster/ectomy (hĭs-tĕr-ĔK-tō-mē): excision of uterus
-ectomy: excision, removal

uter/o

uterus (womb)

uter/o/vagin/al (ū-tĕr-ō-VĂJ-ĭ-năl): pertaining to the
uterus and vagina
vagin: vagina
-al: pertaining to

mamm/o

breast

mamm/o/gram (MĂM-ō-grăm): radiograph of the breast
-gram: record, writing

mast/o

breast

mast/o/pexy (MĂS-tō-pĕks-ē): surgical fixation of the breast(s)
-pexy: fixation (of an organ)

men/o

menses, menstruation

men/o/rrhagia (mĕn-ō-RĀ-jē-ă): excessive amount of menstrual fl ow over a longer duration than normal
-rrhagia: bursting forth (of)

metr/o

uterus (womb); measure

endo/metr/itis (ĕn-dō-mē-TRĪ-tĭs): inflammation of the endometrium
endo-: in, within
-itis: infl ammation

nat/o

birth

pre/nat/al (prē-NĀ-tl ): pertaining to (the period)
before birth
pre-: before, in front of
-al: pertaining to

oophor/o

oophor/oma (ō-ŏf-ōr-Ō-mă): ovarian tumor
-oma: tumor

ovari/o

ovary

ovari/o/rrhexis (ō-văr-rē-ō-RĔK-sĭs): rupture of an ovary
-rrhexis: rupture

perine/o

perineum

perine/o/rrhaphy (pĕr-ĭ-nē-OR-ă-fē): suture of the
perineum
-rrhaphy: suture

salping/o

tube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)

salping/ectomy (săl-pĭn-JĔK-tō-mē): excision of a
fallopian tube
-ectomy: excision, removal

vulv/o

vulva

vulv/o/pathy (vŭl-VŎP-ă-thē): disease of the vulva
-pathy: disease

episi/o

vulva

episi/o/tomy (ĕ-pēs-ē-ŎT-ō-mē): incision of the perineum
Episiotomy is performed to enlarge the vaginal opening for delivery of the fetus.
-tomy: incision

-arche

beginning

men/arche (mĕn-ĂR-kē): initial menstrual period
men: menses, menstruation
Menarche usually occurs between ages 9 and 17.

-cyesis

pregnancy

pseudo/cyesis (soo-dō-sī-Ē-sĭs): false pregnancy
In pseudocyesis, a woman believes she is pregnant when she is not.
pseudo-: false

-gravida

pregnant woman

primi/gravida (prī-mĭ-GRĂV-ĭ-dă): woman during her first pregnancy
primi-: first

-para

to bear (offspring)

multi/para (mŭl-TĬP-ă-ră): woman who has delivered
more than one viable infant
multi-: many, much

-salpinx

tube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)

hemat/o/salpinx (hĕm-ă-tō-SĂL-pinks): collection of blood in a fallopian tube; also called hemosalpinx.
hemat/o: blood
Hematosalpinx is commonly associated with a tubal pregnancy.

-tocia

childbirth, labor

dys/tocia (dĭs-TŌ-sē-ā): childbirth that is painful and difficult
dys-: bad; painful; difficult

-version

turning

retro/version (rĕt-rō-VĔR-shŭn): tipping back of an organ
retro-: backward, behind
Uterine retroversion is measured as first, second, or third degree, depending on the angle of tilt in relationship to the vagina.

primi/gravida

-gravida: pregnant woman; first

colp/o/scopy

-scopy: visual examination; vagina

gynec/o/logist

-logist: specialist in study of; woman, female

perine/o/rrhaphy

-rrhaphy: suture; perineum

hyster/ectomy

-ectomy: excision, removal; uterus (womb)

oophor/oma

-oma: tumor; ovary

dys/tocia

-tocia: childbirth, labor; bad, painful, difficult

endo/metr/itis

-itis: inflammation; in, within; uterus (womb); measure

mamm/o/gram

-gram: record, writing; breast

amni/o/centesis

-centesis: surgical puncture; amnion (amniotic sac)

tumor
TOO-mŏr

An oophor/oma is an ovarian ____________. Pronounce the initial o and the second o in words with oophor/o.

oophor/o

The main purpose of the ovaries is to produce ovum, the female reproductive cell. This process is called ovulation. Another important function
of the ovaries is to produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. From oophor/oma, construct the CF for ovary.
____________________ / _____

oophor/o/pathy
ō-ŏf-ŏr-ŎP-ă-thē

disease of the ovaries:
____________________ / _____ / __________

oophor/o/plasty
ō-ŎF-ŏr-ō-plăs-tē

surgical repair of an ovary:
_______________ / _____ / _______________

oophor/o/pexy
ō-ŏf-ō-rō-PĔK-sē

fixation of a displaced ovary: ____________________ / _____ / __________

salping/o/plasty
săl-PĬNG-gō-plăs-tē

Surgical repair of a fallopian tube (also known as oviduct) is called
________________ / _____ / ________________.

salping/o

To form words for the fallopian tube(s), uterine tube(s), or oviduct(s), use the CF ____________________ / _____.

salping/ectomy
săl-pĭn-JĔK-tō-mē

When a fallopian tube is removed, the surgical procedure is called
__________________ / ____________________.

instrument

A salping/o/scope is an ____________________ for viewing the fallopian tube(s).

salping/o/scopy
săl-pĭng-GŎS-kō-pē

Visual examination of the fallopian tube(s) is called
____________________ / _____ / __________.

salping/o/cele
săl-PĬNG-ō-sēl

Herniation of a fallopian tube(s) is known as
____________________ / _____ / __________.

oviducts
Ŏ-vĭ-dŭkts

Locate the two small tubes leading to each ovary that are called fallopian tubes, uterine tubes, or ____________________.

hernia or herniation, uterus
HĔR-nē-ă or hĕr-nē-Ā-shŭn,
Ū-tĕr-ŭs

The CF hyster/o is used to form words about the uterus as an organ. A hyster/o/cele is a ____________________ of the ____________________.

hyster/o/pathy
hĭs-tēr-ŎP-ă-thē

disease of the uterus:
____________________ / _____ / __________

hyster/algia, hyster/o/dynia
hĭs-tĕr-ĂL-jē-ā, hĭs-tĕr-ō-DĬN-ē-ă

pain in the uterus:
____________________ / __________ or
____________________ / _____ / __________

hyster/o/spasm
HĬS-tĕr-ō-spăzm

involuntary contraction, twitching of uterus:
____________________ / _____ / __________

hyster/ectomy
hĭs-tĕr-ĔK-tō-mē

excision of uterus:
__________________ / ____________________

hyster/o/tomy
hĭs-tĕr-ŎT-ō-mē

incision of uterus:
____________________ / _____ / __________

dictionary

When in doubt about forming medical words with hyster/o, uter/o, or metr/o, refer to your medical ____________________.

hyster/o/scopy
hĭs-tĕr-ŎS-kō-pē

Use hyster/o to form a word that means visual examination of the uterus.
____________________ / _____ / __________

uter/o/scopy
Ū-tĕr-ŏs-kō-pē

Use uter/o to form another word that means visual examination of the uterus.
__________ / _____ / __________

hyster/o/ptosis
hĭs-tĕr-ŏp-TŌ-sĭs

Combine hyster/o and -ptosis to form a word that means a prolapse or downwarddisplacement of the uterus.
________________ / _____ / ________________

uterus
Ū-tēr-ŭs

A diagnosis (Dx) of uter/ine hemorrhage denotes bleeding from the ____________________.

-ine

The element in this frame that means pertaining to is ___________.

hyster/o, uter/o
-pexy

A prolapsed uterus may be caused by heavy physical exertion, pregnancy, or an inherent weakness. The surgical procedure to correct a
prolapsed uterus is known as hyster/o/pexy or uter/o/pexy.

Write the elements in this frame that mean
uterus:
_______________ / _____, __________ / _____
fixation (of an organ): __________

surgical repair, uterus
Ū-tĕr-ŭs

Surgical repair is denoted by the suffi x -plasty. Hyster/o/plasty, uter/o/plasty, and metr/o/plasty all refer to ____________________
____________________ of the ____________________.

hyster/o/cele
HĬS-tĕr-ō-sēl

A Dx of herniation of the uterus would be documented in the medical chart as ____________________ / _____ / __________.

estrogen, progesterone
ĔS-trō-jĕn, prō-JĔS-tĕr-ōn

When ovaries are diseased and necessitate removal, the body becomes deficient in the hormones known as ____________________ and
____________________.

men/o/pause
MĔN-ō-pawz

Identify terms in this frame that mean cessation of the menses: __________ / _____ / __________

post/men/o/pause
pōst-MĔN-ō-pawz

The term pre/men/o/pause refers to a time period before men/o/pause. Can you build a word that refers to a time period after men/o/pause?
__________ / __________ / _____ / __________

bursting forth

The suffi xes -rrhage and -rrhagia are used in words to mean bursting forth (of). Hem/o/rrhage denotes a ____________________
___________ (of) blood.

hem/o

The CF in hem/o/rrhage that denotes blood is __________ / _____.

blood

The elements hemat/o, hem/o, and -emia refer to ___________.

blood

Hemat/o/logy is the study of ___________.

blood
tumor
TOO-mŏr

Analyze hemat/oma by defi ning the elements.
hemat/o: ___________
-oma: ___________

hemat/o/logist
hē-mă-TŎL-ō-jĭst
hemat/o/pathy
hē-mă-TŎP-ă-thē
hemat/emesis
hĕm-ăt-ĔM-ĕ-sĭs

Use hemat/o to build medical words that mean
specialist in the study of blood:
__________ / _____ / ____________________
disease of the blood:
__________ / _____ / __________
vomiting blood:
__________ / ____________________

cervic/itis
sĕr-vĭ-SĪ-tĭs

The medical term for inflammation of the cervix uteri is ____________________ / __________.

curet
kū-RĔT

The instrument used to scrape the endo/metri/um is known as a ___________.

uterine sound

What type of instrument is used to measure the uterus?
____________________ ___________

serrated

What type of curet is used to scrape the uterine lining? ____________________

inflammation, vagina
vă-JĪ-nă

The CFs colp/o and vagin/o refer to the vagina. Colp/itis is an ____________________ of the ____________________.

vagin/itis
văj-ĭn-Ī-tĭs

Form another word in addition to colp/itis that means inflammation of the vagina.
__________ / __________

colp/algia
kŏl-PĂL-jē-ā

Colp/o/dynia is pain in the vagina. Use colp/o to build another term for pain in the vagina.
__________ / __________

colp/o/spasm
KŎL-pō-spăzm

spasm or twitching of the vagina:
__________ / _____ / __________

colp/o/ptosis
kŏl-pŏp-TŌ-sĭs

prolapse or downward displacement of the vagina:
__________ / _____ / ____________________

colp/o/pexy
KŎL-pō-pĕk-sē

fixation of the vagina:
__________ / _____ / __________

vagin/o/plasty
vă-JĪ-nō-plăs-tē

surgical repair of the vagina:
__________ / _____ / ____________________

vagin/o/scope
VĂJ-ĭn-ō-skōp

instrument to view the vagina:
___________ / _____ / ___________

vagin/o/tomy
văj-ĭ-NŎT-ō-mē

incision of the vagina:
__________ / _____ / __________

suture, vagina
SŪ-chŭr, vă-JĪ-nă

A prolapsed vagina usually is sutured to the abdominal wall. Colp/o/rrhaphy is a _________________of the _________________.

vesic/o/vagin/al fistula
vĕs-ĭ-kō-VĂJ-ĭ-năl, FĬS-tū-lă

An abnormal connection that develops between the bladder and vagina is known as a
__________ / _____ / __________ / __________
____________________.

vagina
vă-JĪ-nă

The term fistula refers to an abnormal passage from one epithelial surface to another epithelial surface. It can occur in any body system. Thus, a
vesic/o/vagin/al fistula is only one type of fistula. A ureter/o/vagin/al fistula occurs between the lower ureter and the ____________________.

vagina
vă-JĪ-nă

A rect/o/vagin/al fi stula is one that develops between the rectum and the ________________.

-rrhagia, -rrhage

Colp/o/rrhagia is an excessive vagin/al discharge or a vagin/al hem/o/rrhage. The elements in these words that mean bursting forth (of) are ____________________ and ____________________.

hem/o/rrhage
HĔM-ĕ-rĭj

Form a word that means bursting forth (of) blood.
__________ / _____ / ____________________

hernia, swelling
HĔR-nē-ă

Recall that -cele means ____________________ or. ____________________.

vagina
vă-JĪ-nă

A colp/o/cyst/o/cele is swelling or herniation of the bladder into the ____________________.

vagina
bladder
hernia, swelling

Identify the elements in colp/o/cyst/o/cele.
colp/o: ____________________
cyst/o: ____________________
-cele: _______________ or _________________

vagin/al
VĂJ-ĭn-ăl

pertaining to the vagina: __________ / __________

hyster/ectomy
hĭs-tĕr-ĔK-tō-mē

excision of the uterus:
____________________ / ___________________

muc/ous
MŪ-kŭs

Use the adjective ending -ous to form a word that means pertaining to mucus.
__________ / __________

-oid

The adjective element that means resembling is ___________.

resembling fat

Lip/oid means ________________ ___________.

adip/oid
ĂD-ĭ-poyd

Use adip/o to form another term that means resembling fat. __________ / __________

cyst/o

____________________ bladder

hemat/o, hem/o

____________________ blood

-rrhage, -rrhagia

____________________ bursting forth (of)

hyster/o, uter/o, metr/o

____________________ uterus (womb)

-cele

____________________ hernia, swelling

-tomy

____________________ incision

-tome

____________________ instrument to cut

-scope

____________________ instrument for
examining

salping/o, -salpinx

____________________ tube (usually fallopian
or eustachian [auditory] tubes)

-pexy

____________________ fixation (of an organ)

muc/o

____________________ mucus

oophor/o, ovari/o

____________________ ovary

-arche

____________________ beginning

metr/o

____________________ uterus (womb);
measure

-ptosis

____________________ prolapse, downward
displacement

-oid

____________________ resembling

-logist

____________________ specialist in study of

-logy

____________________ study of

-plasty

____________________ surgical repair

colp/o, vagin/o

____________________ vagina

vulva
VŬL-vă

Vulv/o/uter/ine refers to the uterus and ___________.

clitoris, Bartholin glands
KLĬT-ō-rĭs, BĂR-tō-lĭn

The external structures, or genitalia (also known as the vulva), include the labia majora, labia minora, ____________________ , and
____________________ ____________________.

muc/ous
MŪ-kŭs

Use -ous to build a word that means pertaining to mucus. __________ / __________ (adjective ending)

vulv/itis
vŭl-VĪ-tĭs

inflammation of the vulva: ________ / __________

vulv/o/pathy
vŭl-VŎP-ă-thē

disease of the vulva:
__________ / _____ / __________

cervic/itis
sĕr-vĭ-SĪ-tĭs

The CF cervic/o denotes the cervix uteri or the neck. Inflammation of the cervix uteri is called ____________________ / __________.

vagina, uteri
vă-JĪ-nă, Ū-tĕ-rī

When cervic/o is used in a word, you can determine whether it refers to the neck or the cervix uteri by reviewing the other parts of the word. Colp/o/cervic/al refers to the _________________ and cervix ___________.

colp/o/scopy
kŏl-PŎS-kō-pē

A colp/o/scope, an instrument with a magnifying lens, is used to examine vagin/al and cervic/al tissue. Visual examination of vagin/al and
cervic/al tissue using a colposcope is called
__________ / _____ / __________.

colp/o/scope
KŎL-pō-skōp

instrument for examining the vagina and cervix uteri: __________ / _____ / __________

colp/o/scopy
kŏl-PŎS-kō-pē

visual examination of the vagina and cervix uteri using a colp/o/scope:
__________ / _____ / __________

vagin/al
VĂJ-ĭn-ăl

pertaining to the vagina:
__________ / __________

cervic/al
SĔR-vĭ-kăl

pertaining to the cervix uteri: ____________________ / __________

uterus
Ū-tĕr-ŭs

Cervix uteri refers to the neck of the ____________________.

gynec/o/logist
gī-nĕ-KŎL-ō-jĭst

The term gynec/o/logy means study of females or women and is the medical specialty for treating female reproductive disorders. A specialist in
study of female reproductive disorders is called a
__________ / _____ / ____________________.

gynec/o

The CF in gynec/o/logy that means woman or female is __________ /_____.

gynec/o/pathy
gī-nĕ-KŎP-ă-thē

Use -pathy to form a word that means disease of a female. __________ / _____ / __________

gynec/o/logy
gī-nĕ-KŎL-ō-jē

GYN is the abbreviation for gynec/o/logy. OB-GYN refers to obstetrics and ______ / ___ / ________.

menses, menstruation
MĔN-sēz, mĕn-stroo-Ā-shŭn

The CF men/o means menses or menstruation, which is the monthly fl ow of blood and tissue from the uterus.

Men/o/rrhea is a flow of ____________________ or ____________________.

dys/men/o/rrhea
dĭs-mĕn-ō-RĒ-ă

Use dys- and men/o/rrhea to develop a word that means painful or difficult menstrual fl ow.
__________ / __________ / _____ / __________

dys/men/o/rrhea
dĭs-mĕn-ō-RĒ-ă

The symptomatic term that literally means bad, painful, difficult menstruation is
__________ / __________ / _____ / __________.

bursting forth, menses or menstruation
MĔN-sēz,
mĕn-stroo-Ā-shŭn

Men/o/rrhagia is excessive bleeding at the time of a menstrual period.
Literally, it means ____________________ ___________ of ____________________.

menstruation
mĕn-stroo-Ā-shun

Men/o/pause terminates the reproductive period of life and is a permanent cessation of menses or ____________________.

menstruation
mĕn-stroo-Ā-shun

A/men/o/rrhea is absence or abnormal stoppage of menstruation.

Men/o/rrhea is a flow of the menses or ____________________.

-pause

Identify the element in men/o/pause that means cessation. ___________

after, before

Post- means ___________, or behind. Pre- means ____________________, or in front of.

mamm/o, mast/o

The CFs that refer to the breast are __________ / _____ and __________ / _____.

excision or removal
ĕk-SĬ-zhŭn

Mast/ectomy is a(n) ____________________ of a breast.

mast/ectomy
măs-TĔK-tō-mē

To prevent spread of CA, a malignant breast tumor may be treated with a partial or complete excision. When a breast has to be removed, the
patient has a __________ / _________________.

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