Endocrine glands and hormones they secrete

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anterior pituitary

Secretes Acth, LH, FSH, TSH, Prolactin, and GH

Posterior pituitary

Storage for Oxytosin, ADH (ANTI DIURETIC HORMONE)

Thyroid Gland

Thyroxin , calcitonin

Parathyroid Gland

PTH

Adrenal Medulla

Epinephrine, Nor-epinephrine

Adrenal Cortex

Corticosteroids ,( minneralcocorticords, Glucocordicord, Gonadcorticord)

Testis

Testosterone

Pineal Gland

Melatonin

Thymus

Thymosin and Thymopoetin

Pancreas

Glucogon , Insulin

Ovary

Estogen and Progesterone

Cushing Disease

over production of acth ( corticotropin)

Dwarfism

A disease caused by hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood

Giantism

Overproduction of GH in children

Acromegaly

disease characterized by enlarged features, especially the face and hands, caused by hypersecretion of the pituitary hormone after puberty, when normal bone growth has stopped; most often caused by a pituitary tumor

Simple Goiter

enlarged gland due to lack of iodine--the thyroid is constantly stimulated

gonadtropins

The follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and leutenizing hormone (LH) are referred to collectively as:

tropic hormone

Stimulates a target organ, an endocrine gland, to secrete its hormone. Which in turn exert their effects on other body organs

adh

hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus

aldosterone

a corticosteroid hormone that is secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland

nonsteroid hormone

made of proteins. generally cannot pass through the cell membrane; must bind to receptors on the cell membrane.

steroid hormone

A hormone derived from cholesterol. Steroids are generally hydrophobic and can easily cross the plasma membrane of cells, thus receptors for steroids are found intracellularly. Once this steroid binds to its receptor, the receptor-steroid complex acts to regulate transcription in the nucleus.

cretinism

condition caused by congential absence of the thyroid, resulting in puffy features, mental deficiency, and dwarfism

non-steroidal

are anterior pituitary hormones steroidal or non -steroidal?

steroidal

gonadal and adrenocortical hormones

LH

TRIGGER FOR OVULATION

FSH

responsible for selection of egg

TSH-thyrotropin

secreted by the anterior pituitary stimulates activity of the thyroid

prolactin

secreted by anterior pituitary - initiates milk production

somatostatin

inhibits growth hormone

oxytosin

secreted from the posterior pituitary gland,promotion of uterine contractility, and stimulation of milk ejection form breast

anp

Atrial natriuertic peptide, increases water and sodium removal by the kidney (to decrease blood pressure).

Thyroxin

hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells

Calcitonin

Produced by the thyroid gland and decreases the blood calcium levels by stimulating calcium deposit in the bones. The antagonist of the parathyroid hormone

Melatonin

hormone produced in the pineal gland that targets the brain to control circadian rhythms and circannual rhythms, and may be involved in maturation of sex organs

Glucagon

a hormone secreted by the pancreas,stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)

insulin

hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas, Hormone produced by the pancreas that is released when stimulated by elevated glucose levels. This hormone decreases blood sugar levels by accelerating the transport of glucose into the body cells where it is oxidized for energy or converted to glycogen or fat for storage.

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