aspects of building technology
transfer of heat by air
transfer directly as a form of radiant energy
transfer of heat by contact
transfer of heat by the conversion of water into a gas
unit of magnitude of an electrical current
unit of pressure of electrical current
unit of power of amps at a level of volts
can carry 1,200-1,320 watts in one circuit
is around 12 volts and is used in buzzers, bells and small electrical devices
protect bus bars
spaces where runnning water is available like a kitchen or bathroom
water is fed to a single pipe system connected to a convector system
a loop system in which heated water is supplied a radiator and another line returns the water to the boiler
openings that send treated air out
spaces between ceiling and floor
doors cut short to allow air to pass through
passive solar heat
This is when heat passes w/o mechanical equipment
active solar heat
uses sun heat to heat air or water in collector elements
volatile organic compound (acronym)
a system that provides controlled cooling, heating, humidity and dehumidification, air filtration, and purification
Electrical equipment that serves specified purpose and prevent disturbance from other equipment.
ground fault interrupter this device cuts off power in case of a grounding to prevent fires or shock.
vertical drain carries waste water away from sink etc.
carries away human waste
vertical shaft for soil stacks
bent pipe that holds water as a seal
wall that has water pipes in between
has two inlets
Noise Reduction Coefficients (acronym)
Sound Transmission Class (acronym)
prevents sound from transferring
placement of elements to block direct line of sight travel paths for sound waves
block sound in rooms by absorption.
electronic sound that covers noise
noise isolation class
uniform building codes
International Energy Conservation Code (acronym)
National Building Code of Canada (Acronym)
ICC (Acronym of Group)
International Code Council
Building Officials and Code Administrators (acronym)
National Fire Code of Canada (acronym)
Standard Building Codes
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers
American Society of Testing and Materials
This is a small lavatory or bathroom
This kitchen has a huge fireplace, is the main room of the house and center of family activities.
This style of kitchen was typically in larger houses, provided spacious work areas for servants, and as well as ladies of family
refrigerator is main equipment
Recieving and Storage
counter spaces and sink
range and oven
small room with hanging space and other storage fittings.
closets and other spaces combined for dressing space.
open space for utilitarian uses
small one-room apartment
Latin for courtyard; an interior courtyard usually covered with glass
National Kitchen and Bath Association
identifies project, with list of included sheets and general notes
view of floor from above
Elevations and sections
height relationship drawings are called
Details and schedules
These are drawings for windows, doors and wall sections
includes cover sheet, floor plans, elevations and sections, details and schedules, furniture plans, finish plan, a reflected ceiling plan and a fixture schedule
overlays of drawings
the storing, recovering and distribution of recorded data by means of computer applications
spell out information not readily conveyed in drawings, such as verbal descriptions of materials, methods of work, and standards that are to be met in the quality of both materials and workmanship.
This work includes bookkeeping, payrolls, billing and purchase orders, tax returns and filings and word-processing.
placing and moving points and lines on the computer monitor builds up a constructed drawing
convert present information and data into plan proposals
convert plan proposals into cost estimates almost effortlessly and instantaneously
Estimating Design Fees
1. 10-15% of the cost of work 2. hourly rate and other expenses (traveling, telephoning, etc) are additions 3. estimated fixed maximum fee is based on estimated total hours. It is best to pay for any design compensation monthly.
Control of performance in both time and cost. This field involves negotiating leasing terms, scheduling, coordinating work, and reviewing and approving bills and invoices,
individual designers who pays expenses and receives compensation through a personal bank account or side business account.
shared ownership of a company bringing in various projects. Partners usually use a drawing account which gives regular payments similar to a salary for normal living expenses. At the end of the year any profits might be divided to partners. Benefits of a partnership are 1. easy adaptability to new partners and group efforts. On the same hand, partners must be able to get along.
In this partnership each person is liable for all debts.
Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)
This protects partners by not allowing death, bankruptcy or withdrawal of a partner from disbanding a partnership.
someone who simply invests money into the operations as investing partners
organized identity separate from its founders and/or principles that is recognized by law. Owners hold stock representing their share in the corporation and profits are paid regularly as dividends. Corporations also shield investors from personal liability.
have many traders/ investors and are listed in public trading markets. Board of Directors elected by stockholders. Top Executives elected by Board of Directors
Professional Corporation (PC)
allows a sole stockholder to control a company, protecting his private assets, but not the business stakes.
International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO) created this
Uniform Building Codes (UBC)
BOCA National Building Codes
Building Officials & Code Administrators International, Inc. created this
International Council Codes (ICC)
International Code Council created this
National Building Code of Canada (NBC)
Canadian Commission on BUILDING and Fire Codes (CCBFC) created this
National Fire Code of Canada (NFC)
Canadian Commission on Building and FIRE Codes (CCBFC) created this
Standard Building Codes (SBC)
Southern Building Code Congress International (SBCCI) created this
Human Comfort Zone
70-80 F and 23-65% Humidity
Most common plan for a minimal or very small kitchen
This plan places two of the centers in a line with the third at a right angle
Msot popular and recommended
This layout is suitable for larger kitchens and when multiple people are working in the kitchen at once
Parallel and Island Kitchen