Perceptual constancy reflects the understanding of the perceiver that
objects remain the same despite changes in their appearance.
The capacity of a placebo treatment to reduce pain perception is due to
release of endorphins in brain.
Signal detection theory suggests that differences in absolute thresholds between different people reflect
Different senses give us different sensations mainly because
they activate different sensory regions of the brain.
Nerve impulses that carry information travel along___ to specialized processing areas in the
Examine this pattern: XXX XXX XXX XXX. You are likely to perceive this as four groups of three X's rather than six pairs of X's. This is due to the
law of proximity.
____ refers to the loss of responsiveness in receptor cells due to constant stimulation.
Sensory of adaptation.
Which of the following was NOT an adaptation that Jonathan I, was able to make following his unique visual loss?
He used more vivid colors in his paintings.
A person who cannot distinguish pale colors such as pink and tan would be said to have
a color weakness.
The frequency theory best explains___ sounds, while the place theory explains___ sounds.
low pitched; high-pitched.
Which of the following can produce a loss of taste reactivity?
Reduced density of papillae on the tongue, smoking, overconsumption of hot spicy foods, aging. (all of the above)
Your dog has been lost for three days. When you hear a bark, you assume that it is Fido because of
Organisms seem to learn the spatial layout of their environment by____, even if they are not reinforced for learning particular paths.
Imagine that you have an intense fear of flying and that you are enrolled in a counterconditioning therapy program to help you lose this fear. Which of the following situations would GREATLY interfere with the success of this therapy for fear of flying?
Your plane develops engine trouble while you are on a short 20 minute practice flight.
Robert's dog, Little Gut, runs to Robert when he says, "Come" If one day, Little Gut comes running when Robert says, "Dumb" we might say Little Gut has demonstrated
Negative reinforcement works best when the aversive stimulus
is imposed by natural or impersonal conditions.
According to Skinner, when you take an aspiring for your headache, take the aspirin is__ whereas the headache is ___
an operant; a negative reinforcer.
While walking down a dark alley, you jump at a loud noise. This would not be considered learning because
jumping is merely a reflex.
You are walking by a c ash machine when you notice that the person at the machine starts jumping up and down because the machine gave them too much cash. You wait in line and insert your card and ask for the same amount of money as the person before you. Your behavior reflects.
A Vietnam war veteran who hears a " call to battle stations" alarm sound last heard in heavy combat would be expected to
show strong emotional arousal.
The initial learning state in classical conditioning in which the neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with the unconditioned stimulus is known as
The acquisition of classical conditioning, the ___ now has the ability to elicit a response the resembles the UCR.
Which of the following would NOT be an example of learning?
A new born infant sucks on a nipple filled with milk, A rat presses a lever to obtain a food pellet.
The wavelength of light causes___while the intensity of light cause sensation of___
A(n)___ refers to the smallest change in physical energy between two stimuli that is recognized as different.
a different threshold.
The concept of___ explains why a shirt looks the same shade of orange when it looks darker in dim light or brighter while outside on a sunny day.
To avoid conditioned taste aversions, cancer patients are now given___ during chemotherapy.
unusually flavored candies or ice cream.
The similarity of positive reinforcement and positive punishment is that each involves
adding a stimulus.
The process of__ is responsible for the conversion of physical energy to neural impulses
The fact that you may salivate to the smell of a hamburger, but do not salivate at the sound of the doorbell is an example of
The fact that you perceive your psychology professor as being the same size when viewed from different parts of the classroom is known as