World Regional Geography Final

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Geography 105

Which of the following is associated with the concept of continental drift?

Gondwana

Which of the following statements is false?

A. The majority of Africa's population is engaged in agriculture for their livelihoods.
B. Most of Africa's political boundaries were drawn at the beginning of the colonial period with little regard for the continent's patterns of human occupancy.
C. The African continent contains about half of the world's refugee population.
D. Due to Africa's difficult agricultural environment, numerous environmental hazards, diseases and periodic food shortages, the continent's population growth rate is below the worldwide average.
E. Africa today contains no colonial countries.

D. Due to Africa's difficult agricultural environment, numerous environmental hazards, diseases and periodic food shortages, the continent's populations growth rate is below the worldwide average.

The major difference between an endemic and a pandemic disease is that..

a pandemic disease moves through the population of a large area of the world, whereas an endemic disease is simply present, affect the lives of millions of people in a negative way.

Land tenure refers to

the way people own, occupy and use land

Which of the following states was not a colony of France prior to its independence?

Nigeria

Which of the following countries was not a British colony prior to its independence?

Ethiopia

One of the last countries to give up its African colonies was

Portugal

A great river in southern Africa is the

Zambezi

An interesting aspect of Madagascar is that

the population is of Malay-Polynesian origin

People of Dutch ancestry in South Africa are call

Afikaners

The Boer war is associated with

South Africa

The natural environment of Botswana is dominated by

chronic water shortages

Which of the following countries is not located in East Africa?

Nigeria

The ethnic group exerting the most control in Kenya is the ...

Kikuyu

Which of the following countries borders Lake Victoria?

Uganda

The country in which Idi Amin ruled is

Uganda

In Rwanada and Burundi...

The basis fir the conflict is not ethnicity, but status in society

Which of the following countries is not located in Equatorial Africa?

Mauritania

Which country has no dominate ethnic groups?

The Congo

The country in Equatorial Africa with significant oil supplies and an upper and middle income economy is

Gabon

Which of the following countries is located in the Bulge of Africa?

Liberia

Which two colonial powers were principally involved in West Africa?

Britain and France

The first West African state to gain its independence, formerly called the Gold Coast, is..

Ghana

Which of the following countries was established by former American slaves?

Liberia

The newest independent country in northern Africa is

Eritrea

Which of the following countries is in the horn of Africa?

Ethiopia

T/F
The Kalahari Desert is found in the central part of the congo

false

T/F
African sleeping sickness is transmitted by the tsetse fly

true

T/F
Most African families still depend on subsistence agriculture

true

T/F
British colonial rude was marked by the application of the principle of indirect rule

true

T/F
The term "veld" refers to the forested area of northern South Africa

false

T/F
Under the terms of the separate development program, South Africa's land was divided equally between the majority Africans and the minorities white

fasle

T/F
the country of Lesotho is completely encircled by south africa

true

T/F
Equatorial Africa is the most developed region of the continent

false

T/F
Eritrea is a region located in Sudan that has been fighting a war of independence since 1956.

false

Matching
The Congo

Belgium

Matching
Senegal

France

Matching
Angola

Portugal

Matching
Nigeria

England

Matching
Ethiopia

Italy

Which of the following is not included in North Africa/Southwest Asia?

Pakistan

The three largest countries in population size in North Africa/Southwest Asia are:

Egypt, Iran, and Turkey

Shi'ite Muslims constitute the great majority of the population of

Iran

85% of Muslims are

Sunni

The dominate form of Islam in Saudi Arabia is

Azeris

The Empire that ruled over much of Southwest Asia prior to World War I was:

Ottoman

Which of the following countries has few, if any, oil reserves?

Turkey

The North Africa/Southwest Asia realm contains about ___% of the world's oil reserves?

77%

The city of ______ is located at the confluence of the White and Blue Nile serves as the capital of _____.

Khartoum/Sudan

The Aswan High Dam is located on the

Nile River

Egypt's peasant farmers are known as

fellaheen

Which of the following oil producers does not border the Persian Gulf?

Libya

The major mountain range in North Africa is the

Atlas Mountains

Which of the following flows through Iraq?

Euphrates

Which country fought a bitter war of liberation against the French?

Algeria

The Shi'ites in Iraq

had their religious freedom restricted by the Hussien regime

In Iraq, the Shi'ite population is concentrated in

the south

The Syrians have lost which piece of the territory to the Israelis?

Golan

Jordan has absorbed large numbers of

Palestinians

The modern state of Israel was created in

1948

Israel regards which city as its capital?

Jerusalem

Which of the following countries does not share a common border with Israel?

Iran

Saudi Arabia:

annual rainfall is almost everywhere under 10 inches

Which of the following countries has cooperated with the US efforts in Iraq and is located on a peninsula in the Persian Gulf?

Qatar

The most important ethnic group in Afghanistan is the

Pushtuns (Pathans)

Iran differs from most of the North Africa/Southwest Asia realm in that

It is dominantly Shi'ite

The body of water destroyed by Soviet irrigation schemes is the

Aral Sea

T/F
The Islamic faith has more than 1 billion followers worldwide

true

T/F
Mesopotamia, that ancient culture hearth and crossroads, was the "land between the rivers," between Arabia

false

T/F
The wealth from oil income has been distributed evenly among different regions of Saudi Arabia.

false

T/F
Iraq fought against Iran in the 1980s and Kuwait in the 1990s

true

T/F
The Golan Heights, Baghdad, and the upper Euphrates Valley are all located in Syria

false

T/F
Jordan lost its West Bank in the 1967 war with Israel

false

T/F
Syria has taken no role in the problems of Lebanon

false

T/F
The ancient name of Iran was Persia, whose pre-1979 monarchy was more than 2,500 years old.

true

Matching:
Christian-Muslim turmoil

Lebanon

Matching:
Horn if Africa

Somalia

Matching:
North Africa Country

Tunisia

Matching:
Oil Exports

Saudi Arabia

Matching:
Stronghold of Kurds

Iraq

The ____ Revolution of the 1960's introduced "miracle" varieties of wheat and rice that significantly increased productivity of these crops.

Green

T/F
South Asia contains more than 20% of the world's population, but 2/3's of its poorest inhabitants.

true

Matching:
Forces that tend to hold a state together

centripetal

Matching:
Forces that pull a state apart

centrifugal

The Berlin Conference:

in 1884 divided up most of Africa among the colonial powers

Which of the following is NOT one of the legacies of European colonization in Africa?
A. positioning of national boundaries
B. the development of transport patterns
C. the location of capitals
D. the development of the urban system
E. the development of democracies in most African states

E. the development of democracies in most African states

Almost all African countries are:

plural societies

The system of racial separation in the Republic of South Africa was known as:

Apartheid

The country in Equatorial Africa with significant oil supplies and an upper middle income economy is:

Gabon

This African country is a former French colony, built a Roman Catholic basilica to rival St. Peter's in Rome, and has recently seen a slowing of the economy:

Ivory Coast

Which of the following is not included in North Africa/Southwest Asia?
A. Pakistan B. Iran C. Iraq
D. Israel E. Turkey

A. Pakistan

The land between the rivers:

Mesopotamia

The western North African countries of Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco are called:

the Maghreb

The major mountain range in North Africa is the:

Atlas Mountains

A minority group in Northern Iraq that has expressed its desire for an independent state is:

Kurds

In 1947, the UN had assigned Jerusalem to be:

an international city

The largest oil reserves in the Middle East are in:

Saudi Arabia

Iran fought a major war during the 1980s with:

Iraq

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