Religions History

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Study guide for Religion Test- Intro to Religion, Judaism, Christianity, Islamic.

anti-Semitism

Prejudice against Jews.

pogrom

violent mob attacks on Jews (massacre)

Holocaust

1939-1945 the organized killing of Jews and others by the Nazis during WWII

Palestine

Israel, Promised Land, Canaan

Zionism/ Zionist

the want for Jews to have their own state or country

Tenakh

Hebrew Bible

Torah

Written by Moses who had a revelation from God and wrote it down: 5 books: 1- Beginning 2- Exodus 3- Leviticus 4- numbers 5- Deuteronomy

Talmud

A Holy book of the Jews

Synagogue/ Temple

Jewish Worshipping place

Rabbi

teacher; leader of Jewish congregation

Bar/ Bat Mitzvah

Comming of age when a Jewish person reacher=s the age of 13

Hebrew

The Jewish language

kosher

Jewish Diet- No: pig meat, eggs, milk of forbidden animals, all blood must be drained or broiled out before eaten, parts of permitted animals may not be eaten, etc...

Sabbath

A day of rest and spiritual enrichment- Saturday

Rosh Hashanah

Jewish New Year

Yom Kippur

Jewish Day of Atonement- fasting and reflecting on one's sins

Passover

when the angel of death passes over Egypt killing the first born in each family (tenth plague) except for the Jews who put lamb's blood on their doors so th Angel of death would fly over them. Was the feast for remebering that God brought his people out of slavery in Egypt

seder

symbolic meal eating bitter herbs (bitter times as slaves) lamb's blood(lamb's blood put on doors so angel of death flew over them) unleavened bread(time restrictions before Exodus)

Hanukkah

"The Festival of Light" , jewish festival; celebrates the victory of the jews over the syrians in 165 b.c. and the rededication of the temple for worship

Israel

Promised Land, Palestine, Canaan

Christianity

a religion that developed out of Judaism which is based on the life and teachings of Jesus

Jesus

A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity. Christians believe Jesus to be Son of God and the Messiah.

Christ

In Hebrew, Christ means Messiah, and Christians believe that Jesus is the Christ who was sent from God to save the people.

Christians

People of the Christian faith

disciple

someone who follows the teachings of a master or leader and helps spread those teachings(in this case the followers of Jesus). 12 Disciples are: Andrew, Bartholomew, James, James, John, Judas, Matthew, Peter, Philip, Simon. Thomas, and Matthias.

Jerusalem

the city where Jesus was born, died, and rose from the dead. , A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews., the city David established as the capital of Israel

crucifixion

the death of Jesus upon the Cross, nailing you to a cross untill death

resurrection

A return from death to life (as done by Jesus after crucified)

ascension

(New Testament) the rising of the body of Jesus into heaven on the 40th day after his Resurrection

Bible/ Old Testament/ New Testament

The Christian book of God, old tesament- the first part of the Christian Bible, corresponding to the Jewish Bible, new testament- the second part of the bible; it tells you about the life and teachings of Jesus and about his followers

new testament

"After supper, [Jesus] took another cup of wine and said, 'This wine is the token of God's new covenant to save you - an agreement sealed with the blood I will pour out for you.'"

gospel

written about Jesus' life by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

Trinity

Father, Son, Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit

God's spirit that lives in us

church

place of worship and teaching

priest

leader of worship and teaching

Eucharist

the sacrement of Jesus' Body and Blood, truely and really present under the appearances of the bread and wine

baptism

the first of the sacrements of initiation. Usually at this time, the infant has holy water poured on their head and is annointed with chrism. They are then forgiven of Original Sin and have become united with Jesus

confirmation

a sacrament admitting a baptized person to full participation in the church

Christmas

celebrating the day Jesus was born

Easter

a Christian celebration of the Resurrection of Christ

Lent

tim period of 40 days. prepare for the death and resurrection

parables

what Jesus's stories were typically presented as, in which earthly situations familiar to people of his time and place were used to make a spiritual point

Martin Luther

Young Monk that challenged the Roman Catholic Church

Messiah

The "annointed", the expected king and deliverer of the Jews; a term later aplied by Christians to Jesus

Gentile

Belonging to a people not Jewish.

sacrament

A communal ritual that celebrates grace in our everyday lives.

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