North American History
|Where did the pilgrims land?||Plymouth Rock and befriended the local natives (Wampanoags)|
|Who were the Pilgrims? What did they believe?.|| "•English Puritans living in England and Holland|
•They separated from the Church of England -- radical fringe of the Protestant movement
•They believed that a congregation began with a covenant between a group of believers and God.
•Taking their cue from scripture (Paul - "come out among them and be separate")
|•They were weavers||wool carders, tailors and shoemakers who came to the American wilderness"|
Mayflower Compact.,"•The Pilgrims recognized that the only way for the settlement to succeed financially was if everyone worked together
•They signed the Mayflower Compact, a civil covenant which would provide the basis for secular government in America (while still on the boat)
What are the irony of the Mayflower Compact.
|•Document applying to a people who are 3000 miles from home; a people who were more akin to a religious cult than a democratic society|
|Massachusetts Bay Colony.|| "•Groups of settlers set forth in 1629, settled in what is now Boston.|
•Very similar to the Pilgrims in their beliefs (although they hoped that the Church of England could be purified from within)
•Native populations encountered were sparse
Enclave mentality - they built their cities like fortresses always seeking to keep the natives separate
What is the enclave mentality.
|- they built their cities like fortresses always seeking to keep the natives separate|
|Who coined the term "city on a hill".|| "John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity|
| •The flip side of New England settlements."|
•Unstable and loosely-bound society whose main aim was profit.
•Known to you as the story of "Pocahontas"
•Colony was saved from starvation by tobacco cultivation.
American Revolution 1776.
| "•Resisting Britain and its unconstitutional taxes|
•Boston "Tea Party"
•Appealing to "Natural law" - based on morals, on God
•New philosophy of economic liberalism (18th century movement of thought in Europe)
|"the ideological belief in organizing the economy on individualist linessuch that the greatest possible number of economic decisions are made by private individuals and not by collective institutionss. It includes a spectrum of different economic policies, but it is always based on strong support for a market economy and private property in the means of production|
Why did the American Revolution Occur.
|"•Colonists sought land to develop farms; treaties negotiated between the British and Native people were an impediment to that development|
•Colonists' farming practices were market-oriented not subsistence-oriented (like in New France and New Spain)
•Breaking free from British colonial control meant expansionary independent capitalist development.
What were the major obsicles to the development of America.
|•1) Indian and Mexican controlled land and 2)the Southern plantation economy|
|What is the Plantation Society made up of? How is it structured?.|| "•Tobacco|
•Cotton (after independence)
•The plantation household - similar to the feudal households of New Spain (landlord had 'access' to slave women)
•Little to no industries in the South
American Civil War.
| "•Conflict between industrial North and plantation South (tariffs and railroad development)|
•Northern victory secures the South for full industrial development
•1865 - 13th Amendment of the American Constitution; abolishes slavery
|"•Northern occupying armies ensured that blacks could vote (15th Amendment)|
•Large amounts of land was seized by the occupying northern armies as white owners fled and the land was turned over to blacks - however its ownership status remained ambiguous.
•Some whites advocated the land be divided up and distributed to blacks (40 acres and a mule)