Where did the pilgrims land?
Plymouth Rock and befriended the local natives (Wampanoags)
Who were the Pilgrims? What did they believe?.
"•English Puritans living in England and Holland
•They separated from the Church of England -- radical fringe of the Protestant movement
•They believed that a congregation began with a covenant between a group of believers and God.
•Taking their cue from scripture (Paul - "come out among them and be separate")
•They were weavers
wool carders, tailors and shoemakers who came to the American wilderness"
Mayflower Compact.,"•The Pilgrims recognized that the only way for the settlement to succeed financially was if everyone worked together
•They signed the Mayflower Compact, a civil covenant which would provide the basis for secular government in America (while still on the boat)
What are the irony of the Mayflower Compact.
•Document applying to a people who are 3000 miles from home; a people who were more akin to a religious cult than a democratic society
Massachusetts Bay Colony.
"•Groups of settlers set forth in 1629, settled in what is now Boston.
•Very similar to the Pilgrims in their beliefs (although they hoped that the Church of England could be purified from within)
•Native populations encountered were sparse
Enclave mentality - they built their cities like fortresses always seeking to keep the natives separate
What is the enclave mentality.
- they built their cities like fortresses always seeking to keep the natives separate
Who coined the term "city on a hill".
"John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity
•The flip side of New England settlements."
•Unstable and loosely-bound society whose main aim was profit.
•Known to you as the story of "Pocahontas"
•Colony was saved from starvation by tobacco cultivation.
American Revolution 1776.
"•Resisting Britain and its unconstitutional taxes
•Boston "Tea Party"
•Appealing to "Natural law" - based on morals, on God
•New philosophy of economic liberalism (18th century movement of thought in Europe)
"the ideological belief in organizing the economy on individualist linessuch that the greatest possible number of economic decisions are made by private individuals and not by collective institutionss. It includes a spectrum of different economic policies, but it is always based on strong support for a market economy and private property in the means of production
Why did the American Revolution Occur.
"•Colonists sought land to develop farms; treaties negotiated between the British and Native people were an impediment to that development
•Colonists' farming practices were market-oriented not subsistence-oriented (like in New France and New Spain)
•Breaking free from British colonial control meant expansionary independent capitalist development.
What were the major obsicles to the development of America.
•1) Indian and Mexican controlled land and 2)the Southern plantation economy
What is the Plantation Society made up of? How is it structured?.
•Cotton (after independence)
•The plantation household - similar to the feudal households of New Spain (landlord had 'access' to slave women)
•Little to no industries in the South
American Civil War.
"•Conflict between industrial North and plantation South (tariffs and railroad development)
•Northern victory secures the South for full industrial development
•1865 - 13th Amendment of the American Constitution; abolishes slavery
"•Northern occupying armies ensured that blacks could vote (15th Amendment)
•Large amounts of land was seized by the occupying northern armies as white owners fled and the land was turned over to blacks - however its ownership status remained ambiguous.
•Some whites advocated the land be divided up and distributed to blacks (40 acres and a mule)