Third ruler of the Mauryan Empire in India (r. 270-232 B.C.E.). He converted to Buddhism and broadcast his precepts on inscribed stones and pillars
The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 324 B.C.E. and ended in 184 B.C.E. From its capital at Pataliputra in the Ganges Valley it grew wealthy from taxes.
founded India's Maurya Empire in 321 B.C.; unified most of India India under one ruler
After Mauryan empire fell, regional kingdoms ruled until Indo-Greek conquerors from Bactria invaded 182 BCE. This empire promoted cross-cultural interaction/trade. Diffusion.
northern India and central Asia, maintained the Silk Road network.
Family who ruled India during it's golden age, advances in arts and science. 320-550 B.C.E
The original caste system was made up of priests (Brahmins), warriors and aristocrats (kshatriyas), peasants and merchants (vaishyas) and serfs (shudras).
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
A religion that branched off from Hinduism and was founded by Mahavira; its belief is that everything has a soul, and its purpose was to cleanse the soul. Some were extreme aesthetics.
religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha; taught that the way to find truth was to give up all desires and that all things suffer
Founder of Buddhism
Doctrine of Buddha consisting of the 4 Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path to help people understand suffering and set out on the path to enlightenment through the Buddhist religion
The "greater vehicle" in Buddhism, the more liberal and mystical northern school, which stressed the virtue of altruistic compassion rather than intellectual efforts at individual salvation
an epic peom of Aryan struggles
one of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and of the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne
a buddhist monastery at Nalanda where it was posible to study also the vedas, hindu, logic, math, astronomy, medicine, and buddhism
The most important work of Indian sacred literature, a dialogue between the great warrior Arjuna and the god Krishna on duty and the fate of the spirit.