ch.8 (mastering a&p)

33 terms by andreyadesousa

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Functional classification of joints is based on:

a) whether a joint cavity is present.
b) the size of the joint.
c) the amount of movement allowed by the joint.
d) the location of the joint.

c) the amount of movement allowed by the joint.

Which of the following does not represent a structural classification of joints?

a) Cartilaginous
b) Diarthroses
c) Synovial
d) Fibrous

b) Diarthroses

Which of the following refers to a joint that is immovable?

a) synarthrosis
b) diarthrosis
c) synovial
d) amphiarthrosis

a) synarthrosis

Which one is correctly paired?

a) Synchondroses: a plate of hyaline cartilage unites the bones
b) Syndesmoses: bony edges interlock
c) Gomphoses: articulating bones are separated by a fluid containing cavity
d) Suture: bones connected exclusively by ligaments

a) Synchondroses: a plate of hyaline cartilage unites the bones

Using a structural classification, what type of joint is the epiphyseal plate?

a) synovial joint
b) synarthrotic joint
c) cartilaginous joint
d) fibrous joint

c) cartilaginous joint

Most joints of the body are classified as_______ joints.

a) fibrous
b) immovable
c) cartilaginous
d) synovial

d) synovial

Which of the following is not a factor that stabilizes joints?

a) Shapes of the articulating surfaces
b) Amount of synovial fluid
c) Muscle tone
d) Number and positioning of ligaments

b) Amount of synovial fluid

Extension is an example of a(n) ______ movement.

a) pronation
b) angular
c) rotational
d) gliding

b) angular

The shoulder and hip are examples of:

a) ball-and-socket joints.
b) condyloid joints.
c) plane joints.
d) hinge joints.
e) pivot joints.

a) ball-and-socket joints.

Synovial joints are classified into six main categories based on:

a) the amount of synovial fluid found in the joint cavity.
b) their location.
c) their size.
d) the movements they allow.

d) the movements they allow.

Which inflammatory disease of joints is caused by the bites of ticks that live on mice and deer?

a) bursitis
b) Lyme disease
c) arthritis
d) tendonitis

b) Lyme disease

Synovial fluid does not:

a) reduce friction between the cartilages of a joint.
b) lubricate free surfaces of the joint.
c) strengthen synovial joints.
d) nourish cartilage cells in the joint.

c) strengthen synovial joints.

The main contributor to hip joint stability is:

a) the hip muscle surrounding the joint.
b) the exceptionally deep socket of the joint.
c) the tendon that crosses the joint.
d) the thigh muscle surrounding the joint.

b) the exceptionally deep socket of the joint.

Articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are ________.

a) amphiarthroses
b) synarthroses
c) diarthroses
d) synovial joints

a) amphiarthroses

Synarthrotic joints ________.

a) are found at the junction of the epiphysis and diaphysis of growing bone
b) permit essentially no movement
c) have large joint cavities
d) are cartilaginous joints

b) permit essentially no movement

On the basis of structural classification, which joint is fibrous connective tissue?

a) pivot
b) symphysis
c) synchondrosis
d) syndesmosis

d) syndesmosis

Fibrous joints are classified as ________.

a) sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
b) hinge, saddle, and ellipsoidal
c) symphysis, sacroiliac, and articular
d) pivot, hinge, and ball and socket

a) sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses

The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absence of a joint cavity. T/F

true

Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to ________.

a) attach tendons
b) form the synovial membrane
c) provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
d) produce red blood cells (hemopoiesis)

c) provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints

A joint united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that usually permits a slight degree of movement is a ________.

a) syndesmosis
b) suture
c) symphysis
d) gomphosis

c) symphysis

Which of the following statements defines synchondroses?

a) interphalangeal joints
b) cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
c) joints that permit angular movements
d) amphiarthrotic joints designed for strength and flexibility

b) cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones

Symphyses are synarthrotic joints designed for strength with flexibility.

T/F

false

Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called ________.

a) menisci
b) ligaments
c) tendons
d) bursae

d) bursae

The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called ________.

a) cruciate ligaments
b) anterior ligaments
c) tibial collateral ligaments
d) patellar ligaments

a) cruciate ligaments

Bending your head back until it hurts is an example of ________.

a) hyperextension
b) circumduction
c) flexion
d) extension

a) hyperextension

In the classification of joints, which of the following is true?

a) Synarthrotic joints are slightly movable.
b) Immovable joints are called amphiarthroses.
c) In cartilaginous joints, a joint cavity is present.
d) All synovial joints are freely movable.

d) All synovial joints are freely movable.

The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the ________.

a) feet
b) hands
c) arms
d) hands and the feet

a) feet

What is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane called?

a) dorsiflexion
b) inversion
c) adduction
d) abduction

d) abduction

What are menisci?

a) cavities lined with cartilage
b) semilunar cartilage pads
c) tendon sheaths
d) small sacs containing synovial fluid

b) semilunar cartilage pads

Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are ________.

a) rare because of the ligament reinforcement
b) rare because the rotator cuff stabilizes the hip joint
c) common due to the weight bearing the hip endures
d) common in all people who are overweight

a) rare because of the ligament reinforcement

Movement allowed in a pivot joint is known as ________.

a) uniaxial rotation
b) biaxial movement
c) extension
d) flexion

a) uniaxial rotation

Multiaxial joints of the body include ________.

a) the ankle and wrist
b) the hip and shoulder
c) the knee and elbow
d) intercarpal and intertarsal joints

b) the hip and shoulder

Which of the following conditions is generally considered a noninflammatory type of arthritis?

a) bursitis
b) rheumatoid arthritis
c) tendonitis
d) osteoarthritis

d) osteoarthritis

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