Chapter 1: Greek Nouns and Adjectives

128 terms by ccorra6 

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abiosis

a state of being without life

acanthocyte

red blood cell with spine like projections

allostery

alteration of shape

analgesic

drug that relieves pain

analgia

state of being without pain

angiostenosis

narrowing of a vessel

antibiotic

a drug opposed to certain microorganisms growth

antitoxin

an angent that works against toxins to neutralize

arteriostosis

arteries being calcified

arthritides

plural of arthiritis

arthritis

inflammation of the joitns

arthrosclerosis

hardsening of a joint

arthrosteitis

inflammation of joints of the bones

biotoxin

poisonous substance produced by a living organism

bradycardia

aslow heart beat

diencephalon

second portionot th ebrain

dysarthrosis

malrformaiton of joint

encephalalgia

deep seated head pain

encephalomalacia

softening of the brain

endoneurium

connective tissue surrounding nerve fibers

endosteum

membrane liining the marrow cavity of a bone

endotoxin

toxin within cell wall of organism

epicardium

innermost layer olf pericardium

epicranium

membrane over the skull

erythrocytosis

increase in red blood cell count

erythroprosopalgia

redness and pain in the face

exocardia

birth defect in which heart is born outside of thoraacic cavity

exotoxin

toxin excreted by bacterium

hemialgia

pain on one side of the body

hypalgesia

a lessened sensitivity to pain

hyperalgesia

a heightened sensitivity to pain

leptocephalia

long and narrow head shape

leukotoxin

toxin that destroys white blood cells

lithiasis

formation of stone or calculus

mesocardia

midline of the thorax (heart location)

nephrolithiasis

formation of a stone in the kidney

neuritis

inflammation of a nerve

ostalgia

pain in a bone

osteometry

study and measurement of teh skeletal system

osteomalacia

softening of bones

pericarditis

inflammation of the pericardium (sac surrounding the heart)

periosteum

membrane enclosign bones

prosoponeuralgia

nerve pain in the face

scleriasis

progressive hardening of a body part

stenocephaly

narrow head

stereology

study of three dimensional aspectso f shapes

synalgic

referred pain

toxicosis

condition of being poisoned

nephrosclerosis

hardening of a kidney

protobiology

science dealing wiht tiny bacteria

inflammation of the tissues around a blood vessel

periangiitis

softening of the heart muscle

cardiomalacia

hardening of the arteries

arteriosclerosis

pertaining to the heart

cardiac

living together of two organisms

symbiosis

membrane around the heart

pericardium

pertaining to poison

toxic

abnormal narrowing of a passage

stenosis

abnormal rapidity of the heart

tachycardia

severe pain along the course of a nerve

neuralgia

study of the skull

craniology

instrument for estimating the size of calculi

lithometer

congenital absence of one half of the brain

hemicephalus

specialist in the study of bones

osteologist

headache

cranialgia

substance that is poisonous to kidney tissue

nephrotoxin

measurement of a solid body

stereometry

instrument for counting and measuring cells

cytometer

increased heart rate alternating with slow rate

bradytachycardia

white blood cell

leukocyte

acanthocytosis

condition in which one has spiny red blood cells

acardia

congenital absence of the heart

angiitis

inflammation of a vessel or duct

angiocarditis

inflammation of the heart and large blood vessels

angiolith

calculus deposit in wall of blood vessel

angiosclerosis

hardening of walls of vessels and ducts

angiosis

disease of blood vessels

antiarthritic

an agent that helps alleviate inflammation of the joints

anticytotoxin

an agent that counteracts a substance poisonous to cells

antilithic

preventing the formation of calculi, or small stones

arteriolith

a calcium concretion, deposit in an artery wall

arteritis

inflammation of the arteries

arthroneuralgia

pain of jerves of a joint

atoxic

nontoxixc, harmless

cardioangiology

study of the heart and blood vessels

craniomalacia

softening of the bones of the skull

craniosclerosis

thickening of the bones of the skyll

craniostosis

congenital ossification of cranial sutures

cranioclasis

crushing a babys head with forceps

cranioblast

instrument used to crush fetal skull

cytobiology

study of cell life

dysostosis

malformation of bone/bones

ectocardia

congenital displacement of the heart outside of the thoracic cavity

encephalic

located in the brain

encephalolith

a brain calculus

endangiitis

inflamation of the tunica intima of ablood vessel

endangium

inner coat of a blood vessel

endarteritis

inflammation within an artery

endocranium

the dura mater of the brain

erythroleukemia

leukemia of the erythrocytes

erythrotoxin

substance poisonous to red blood cells

exencephalia

disorder in which brain is located outside ot he skulll

encephalosis

disorder of the brain

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain

hemianalgesia

lack of sensibility to pain on one side of the body

hyperalgia

excessive sensitivity to pain

hypologia

diminished speech, sparse verbal output

lithonephritis

inflammation of kidney due to a stone

malacosteon

softening of the bones

mesocephalic

pertaining to the midbrain

monocyte

mononuclear phagocytic white blood cell

nephralgia

kidney pain

neurosclerosis

hardening of nerves

neurotoxin

substance that attacks or damages nerve cells

osteosclerosis

abnormal increase in thickening and density of bone

periarteritis

inflammation of pericardium and vessels

perinephrium

the connective and fatty tissue surrounding the nephroosn

periosteitis

inflammation of tissue around bone

sclerencephalia

hardening of the brain

stenosis

construction or narrowing of a passage

synarthrosis

a type of immovable joint

toxicology

study of toxic substances

toxin

poisonous substance

cyanosis

blue discoloration of a part

anastomosis

a surgical or pathological connection between two passages

exostosis

a bony growth arising from the surface of a bone

aponeurosis

a sheet of tissue connecting muscles to bones

antibiosis

association betwen two organisms in which one is harmful to the other

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