theater

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How does a theatrical performance differ from a video or a filmed performance?

The theatrical performance is live, with the audience and performers, who are aware of each other and mutually interact in their shared presence

Drama comes from the Greek dran, which means

to do

Which mode of performance acknowledges the audience—as in the case of the nightclub performer who sings, dances, jokes, and responds overtly to applause?

the presentational mode

Which of the following is true of the relationship between the play script and the performance?

The script is a silhouette or outline of the play itself, which fully exists in performance only

The English word for person comes from the Latin word for

mask

Theatre comes from theatron, which means

seeing place

While both theatre and sport are public spectacles, theatre differs from sports activities because

theatre has a pre-ordained ending

The distinctive feature of theatre, which separates it from other arts, is that theatre employs:

impersonation

Live performance is a term that encompasses theatre, film, television and new media

False

Performance is a strictly theatrical phenomenon

False

In classical times, what physical and symbolic element separated the actors from the audience

The actors wore masks

What is our class using as the formal definition of "theatre

That body of artistic work in which actors portray characters in a live performance of a scripted play

Theatre signifies all the following EXCEPT

the stage and backstage spaces

"Play" and "performance" are interchangeable terms

false

A play that dramatizes the key events in the life of a king or head of state, such as Shakespeare's Henry IV, is called:

a history play

In play construction, the single action that initiates the major conflict of the play is called the

inciting incident

The purging or cleansing of the audience's pity and terror at the climax of a tragedy is called:

catharsis

Processions and the Ancient Greek proagon are two examples of ways in which theatre artists publicized their plays in ages past

true

Which of the following is true about the differences between tragedy and comedy?

Tragedy typically deals with great people, whereas comedy deals with ordinary people.

Background information, presented within the play that the audience must possess in order to understand the action of the play is called

exposition

Genre means category or kind.

true

Which one of the following is part of the time-based horizontal axis of dramaturgy

plot

n Western drama, a full-length play has historically been designated as one that

lasts two to three hours, typically

The six components of a play which Aristotle lists, in order of importance, are

plot, character, theme, diction, music, and spectacle

According to Aristotle, it is impossible to break down the elements that make tragedy effective

False

In a Greek play, the lead character that moves the action forward is opposed by a figure called the antagonist.

true

The agreement between the audience and the actor, which includes a whole set of tacit understandings that form the context of playwatching, is called

convention

The final scene, action, or lines in a play devoted to bringing the play to a new level of harmony or understanding, perhaps even resolution, after the climax is called the

denouement

The audience is NOT a part of the definition of conventions of the theatre

false

Aristotle's term for the play's abstracted intellectual content is "thesis."

false

In Greek tragedy, the central character

undergoes a change that leads to his or her demise

Which element describes the play's use of rhythm and sounds, either by way of instrumental composition or the orchestration of such noises as muffled drumbeats, gunshots, special effects, and vocal tones?

music

Which element of drama refers not only to the pronunciation of spoken dialogue but also to the literary nature of the play's text, including its tone, imagery, articulation, and use of such literary forms as verse, rhyme, metaphor, jest, apostrophe, and epigram

diction

The major organization for theatre companies in San Francisco is called

Theatre Bay Area

Comedies that use a more bleak humor in dealing with serious themes are known as

dark comedies

The visual aspect of the play, including the scenery, costumes, lighting, make-up, and the over-all look of the stage are included in the element known as

spectacle

A linear plot proceeds by

the point-to-point storytelling of events linked in chronological, cause-effect continuity

The core element of every play is

action

The quality of a play that refers to a continual stream of information is called progression

false

A play in which events are connected to each other in strict, chronological, cause-effect continuity, and in which dramatic experience attempts to convey a lifelike progression of experience through time, is classified as

continuous in structure and linear in chronology

The quality of stage dialogue that makes it achieve maximum impact when spoken and which requires the playwright to be attentive to the audial shape of language, including the meaning of the dialogue and the rhythm of sound, is called stageability

false

The quality of a play that describes the way the playwright creates a world in which every detail fortifies our insight into the play is called richness.

true

James Barrie's fantastical play Peter Pan deals with characters that are wholly appropriate to their imaginary situation and internally consistent in their actions within the context of the play. Since it may be said to make a picture of a wholly consistent world, this play possesses

credibility

Which of the following is the most accurate statement of the audience's response to the drama?

Intrigue draws us into the world of the play; credibility keeps us there.

A play that relates in some fashion to the current personal concerns of the audience is said to possess gravity.

False

The quality of a play that creates suspense by making us wonder what will happen next is called curiosity.

False

After what era did the image of the playwright move from that of theatrical co-worker to that of the isolated observer and social critic

romanticism

Which playwright has branched out into writing librettos and adaptations of musicals for shows such as Aida and Tarzan?

David Henry Hwang

What aspects of the play do not need to be written at all?

a character's improvisational behavior

Whose plays are noted for intensely realistic writing and almost musical, rhythmic dialogue?

David Mamet

Which New York-born, Louisiana-raised, playwright (b. 1956) wrote a masterpiece of modern drama, Angels in America, which deals with the AIDS crisis, sexuality, gender, and politics?

Tony Kushner

All of the following are signs of good characterization EXCEPT

the character appears as a pawn in the playwright's grand design and exists only to symbolize something

Which quality of character began in realism and grew to become the dominant aspect of the theatrical experience by the mid-twentieth century, most notably in the plays of Chekov, Williams, and Miller

the psychological dimension of character

The playwright's skill at condensing a story that may spans many days or years of chronological time into a theatrical time frame is called

compression

Which of the following is true of playwriting in bygone days?

Playwriting was considered so technically demanding a craft that playwrights spent long in-house apprenticeships as "company men," learning their skills through continual exposure in theatrical rehearsal and performance

Scenes of forced conflict are important because

climactic scenes define a play's structure.

The term "playwright" refers to

person who constructs and composes a play as a wheelwright makes a wheel.

All of the following could be considered contributors to an interesting audible shape to dialogue EXCEPT

well structured grammar

The plays of Tony Kushner look at the hidden violence that can lie beneath seemingly stable human relationships, as in Bash, which is set within the context of the Church of Latter-Day Saints.

False

Which playwright demonstrates a commitment to issues global human rights, as shown in Ruined?

Lynn Nottage

Based off of Bertolt Brecht's Mother Courage, Lynn Nottage's play Ruined transposes the action to a brothel in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

True

A screenwriter, as well as a playwright, Neil LaBute's contribution to today's theatre is a return to highly romantic dialogue, at times written in poetic verse

False

A play that deals with an issue of serious and lasting significance in humanity's spiritual or intellectual life beyond the mere attempt to imitate profundity is said to possess

Gravity

One difference between the playwright in Shakespeare's time and the contemporary playwright is that

the playwright no longer functions as a director but is now considered an independent artist

An independence of thought and vision is perhaps the playwright's most important characteristic.

true

A play in which every character possesses an independence of intention and expression, and whose motivation appears sensible in the light of our general knowledge of psychology and human behavior, possesses

depth of characterization

The playwright works with two fundamental tools:

dialogue and physical action

When a playwright has managed to make every scene, incident, character, and word deliver an impact, he or she has satisfied the dramatic demand for

intensity

This playwright speaks of "two selves, the public and private self, the worlds that people juggle a lot of time just from being out there in the world," and whose works, such as Wrecks, reflect this statement

Neil LaBute

Actors who studies human behaviors from a broad range of historical periods, countries, and social classes, so as to apply them when creating characters from a variety of dramatic styles, demonstrates a technique of the _________ mode of acting

presentational

Why did the Greek actor Polus, when playing the role of Electra, bring the ashes of his dead son onstage with him?

He wanted to cry real tears lamenting the "death" of his character's brother

Which two writers best exemplify the range of difference between external and internal approaches to assuming a character?

Diderot and Stanislavsky

What description best characterizes our current relationship to virtuosity?

It is making a comeback since the heyday of the Method in the mid-twentieth century

The actor's instrument is his or her

body

The term "subtext" refers to

a character's unspoken and undescribed goals

Today, the debate over inside or outside styles of acting

is largely diminished, with Stanislavsky and classical techniques both emphasized

The type of performing that asks the actor to enter the mind of the character being played is

representational acting

The dual meanings of this word explain both its physical, common definition and its more religious meaning, "spirit stimulus

physicality

Which faculty keeps the actor within established bounds and at the same time ensures artistic agility

discipline

In his first published work, Stanislavsky states that the "prime task" of the actors is to

"create the inner life of the character."

What is "The Method?

an American acting style derived from the Russian actor-director Konstantin Stanislavsky's self-proclaimed system

Directed stage actions that are precisely scripted physical behaviors worked out in blocking are called

stage business.

The three main elements of the actor's approach are

goals, tactics, and
researching the style of the play and mode of performance

Which of the following does the director NOT typically look for in an audition?

personal history that exactly matches that of the character

The term mimesis means

mimicry

Konstantin Stanislavsky, founder of the Moscow Art Theatre (1898), said "You must live the life of your character on stage." Which style of acting does this statement describe most closely?

the representational mode of acting

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