Greek word for city-state
political subdivision of the polis (territorial unit like a precinct or ward)
The Elder Gods; children of the heaven and earth
places of worship
relating to or characteristic of the classical Greek civilization
the space, or porch, in front of the cella, or naos, of an ancient Greek temple
a colonnade surrounding a building or enclosing a court
a temple having columns on all sides
a temple surrounded by double rows of columns
a swelling in the middle of the shafts on a column
innermost sanctuary of a building housing the place where, in a temple with an oracle, the orcale's message was delivered
A curved surface formed at the interior intersection of two or more surfaces of an object.
a sculpture of a draped female figure acting as a column supporting an entablature
an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof
Greek, "commensurability of parts." Polykleitos's treatise on his canon of proportions incorporated the principle of symmetria.
put all weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose
the marketplace in ancient Greece
to move or cause to move in a sinuous, spiral, or circular course
a strong hard building material composed of sand and gravel and cement and water
formed at the point at which 2 barrel vaults intersect at right angles
a semicircular bay or niche
true to natural appearance
a rectangular groove cut into a board so that another piece can fit into it
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
., flat rectangular columns attached to a wall
Evenly spaced columns subdivide the running narrative into scenes.
a Roman order that combines the Corinthian acanthus leaves with the spiral scrolls of the Ionic order
a bust on a quadrangular pillar
a circular painting or relief sculpture
a huge marble government building in ancient Rome
a building having a circular plan and a dome
located on eastern Mediterranean coast; invented the alphabet which used sounds rather than symbols like cuneiform
Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
Nestor's son who accompanies Telemachus to Sparta.
An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy
Leader in Athens during its Golden Age, patron of the arts encouraging public images of peace, prosperity, and power. Convinced the people to rebuild the Acropolis to honor Athena.
Roman general and dictator. He was murdered by a group of senators and his former friend Brutus who hoped to restore the normal running of the republic.
Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became emperor in 27 BC
Emperor of Rome and founder of the Flavian dynasty who consolidated Roman rule in Germany and Britain and reformed the army and brought prosperity to the empire
Children of Earth and Sky
god of gods
goddess of women and marriage
goddess of the hearth and its fire
god of the sea and earthquakes
god of the underworld
god of war
god of fire and metal-working
goddess of love and beauty and daughter of Zeus
goddess of the hunt and the moon
god of the sun, art, music
messenger and herald of the gods
goddess of wisdom and war
goddess of grain and agriculture
goddess of the underworld
god of wine and ecstasy
god of love
goddess of the dawn
goddess of the earth
god of medicine
goddess of the sea
god of fields, woods, shepherds, and flocks
winged goddess of victory
The Sanctuary of Hera and Zeus near Olympia
site dedicated to the worship of Zeus, in whose honour Pan-Hellenic Games were held every four years from 776 BCE to 393 CE.
The Sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi
an oracle Pythian Games
Roman city near Naples, Italy, which was buried during an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79.
an ancient Roman city that was destroyed by a volcano
a comune and town in the province of Naples, Campania, located in the Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio under the slopes of Mount Vesuvius, known for the fruit and vineyards of Lacryma Christi del Vesuvio.
cult of Dionysus
cult based on Dionysus, had many rituals involving orgies and drinking, later transitioned to a more civilized cult
Ruling Etruscan family of Rome, Very cruel, enslaved people to make their lives comfortable
a series of three wars between Rome and Carthage, resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance in the western Mediterranean
pelike and stamnos
The three main types of Greek painted vase decoration are called:
mixture of clay and water
metallic pigments mixed with slip
a paint made from egg yolks, water and pigments
"Wild goat style"
modern term describing vase painting produced in the east of Greece, namely the southern and eastern Ionian islands, between circa 650 to 550 BCE.
term used to describe the position of columns set between two walls as in a portico or cella
columns are only in front of the cella and not on the sides or back
columns are placed across both the front and back but not the sides
peristyle row of columns all around the building
double rows of columns around the cell
powerful landowners who controlled Roman government and society
farmers and workers who made up most of the Roman population
The "Good Emperors"
Nerva (ruled 96-98 AD)
Trajan (ruled 98-117 AD)
Hadrian (ruled 117-138 AD)
Antoninus Pius (ruled 138-161 AD)
Marcus Aurelius (ruled 161-180 AD)