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Olive Branch Petition

Peace petition sent to king george by colonial delegates after the battles of lexington and concord

Green Mountain Boys

Vermont Colonial militia led by Ethan Allen that made a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga.

Continental Army

Army established by the second continental congress to fight the british

Patriot

Colonist who favored war against Britain

Loyalist

Colonist who remained loyal to Britain

Battle of Bunker Hill

In 1775, first major battle of the revolution.

Blockade

The shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out

Mercenary

Soldier who fights merely for pay, usually for a foreign country

Common Sense

A 1776 essay by Thomas Paine that urged the colonies to declare independence

Traitor

Person who betrays his or her country

Declaration of Independence

A 1776 document stating that the 13 English colonies were a free and independent nation

Preamble

Introduction to a declaration, constitution, or other official document

Natural Rights

Rights that belong to all people from birth

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