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First Stage: Orientation

Search for meaning, attempts to determine group structure and meaning; search for similarities among group members; members look to leader for approval, acceptance, and answers

Second Stage: Conflict/Dominance

Members attempt to establish preferred amount of initiative and power; establish a control hierarchy; members may express hostility toward therapist (resistance)

Third Stage: Development of Cohesiveness

Unity, intimacy, closeness emerge; trust and self disclosure increase; attendance improves; cohesiveness becomes analogous to therapist-client relationship

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