The Bible as Literature

Created by AndreaBC 

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45 terms · Review for Final

Bible

Comes from an anthology - different texts and times

Homogenizes

blends it so you can't see the difference

Redocked

edited together

Anthropomorphism

God has a man's shape; Anthropos - man; Morph - Shape

Anthropopathism

attributing human emotions to things; EX: following bears in animal planet and saying they're sad

Hypotaxis

subordination; no specific order

Parataxis

the placing together of sentences, clauses, or phrases without a conjunctive word or words

Yetzer

imagination

Vayetzer

making

Eteology

something that tries to explain why things are the way they are; The Tower of Babel and the fragmentation of language

Narrative Doubling

how things happen twice; Attributing them to different traditions

Type Scene

a certain kind of recurrent narrative structure that appears repeatedly but with differences; Betrothal, Annunciation, Naming

Fraternal Conflict

acts of violence between brothers

Intertextuality

how texts talk to each other; the bible reads itself; we understand it through repetition

Inter Biblical Exegeses

the bible reads itself through images

Exogamous Relationship

deals with the power of a group

Theophany

epiphany of God

Leutrate Marriage

if a man marries a woman and dies before he can have a child, his next in line should marry his widow and name it

Theophany

capable of seeing God

Apotropova

something that is used magically to ward off evil (turning danger away)

Deuteronomy

Second Law; Deutero - Second (in order), Nomas - Law

Theodicy

Theos - God, Dilce - Justice

Septuagint

it renames the books of the bible; a Greek version of the Hebrew Scriptures that dates from the 3rd century B.C., containing both a translation of the Hebrew and additional and variant material, regarded as the standard form of the Old Testament in the early Christian Church and still canonical in the Eastern Orthodox Church

Eschatology

study of the last; any system of doctrines concerning last, or final, matters, as death, the Judgment, the future state

Pseudopigrapha

falsely attributed writing

Presumptive

defines properties that a poem has to define poetry; criteria

Descriptive

applying it to something that might not be poetry; assumption

Allegory

an extended metaphor

Aphorism

cryptic statement(s)

Good News

Gospel

Parable

a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson

Gospel

story of one person

Synoptic Gospel

follow the same structure and narrative language; Mathew, Mark, and Luke

Typology

reads the Old Testament as shadow interpretations of the New Testament

Samaritans

mixed race that the pure bloods did not like so they were cast out; made compromises with outsiders when they were told not to do so

Petrine Christianity (Peter)

kept the old traditions

Pauline Christianity (Paul)

thought the old traditions didn't matter

Pseudonymous

bearing a false or fictitious name

Teleology

belief in or the perception of purposeful development toward an end

Liminality

on the threshold; on the boundary (Moses and Ruth)

Primogeniture

the state or fact of being the firstborn of children of the same parents

Pentateuch

the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Means "five books" or "five tools" also known as Torah

Yahweh

one of the names of God found in the Hebrew Bible; like "Jehovah" it is formed from the Tetragrammaton YHWH, with vowels added. In many English language Bibles it is written LORD (all capital letters). In OT source criticism, Yahweh is distinguished from another common name for God, "Elohihm," and considered as a marker of which hypothetical source each part of the Pentateuch comes from

Text type

a group of ancient manuscripts with many characteristics in common, presumably because of their having been copied in close proximity to one another. Grouping the thousands of ancient manuscripts into "text types" allows scholars to discuss variations in more general terms than would be possible if each manuscript were treated as a unique entity

Tanak

the Jewish Bible, also called the Hebrew Bible. The word Tanak is an acronym: TaNaK, for the three major types of writing in the Hebrew Bible, arranged in order: Torah, Nevi'im (the Prophets) and Ketuvim (the Writings)

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