Elements of Middle Eastern Music
elaborate melodies and melismas, improvisations, heterophony, quarter tones,
call to prayer in Islam. Unaccompanied and non pulsatile, often filled wth melismas
middle east. s plucked chordophone played monophonically. fretless, pear shaped lute with 5 or 6 courses and an angled peg box. traditionally played with an eagle feather plectrum
middle east. a long necked lute with an hourglass shaped body.
middle east. an endblown notch flute. played from the side of the mouth and held at an oblique angle
middle east. a shallow frame drum, played with hands and fingers. if small cymbals are added, then it is called a riqq.
middle east. a goblet shaped drum of different sizes played with the fingers. held under the arm or between the knees.
a ululation (high cry rapidly trilled with tongue. folk practice of women of noth africa.
a trancendental emotional response, from highly expressive music and poetry.
24 notes/octave. quarter tones with intervals that are half of western standard. Are also emotional states.
a segment of non pulsatile improvisation to explore the maqam scale
an ensemble of about 5 musicians. in arabic music
in arabic music, a large ensemble of 20 plus musicians. combines both arabic and european instruments.
associated with Egypt's underclass youth. social commentary, maintaned rhythmic patterns of folk dances.
similar to sha'bi but, from algeria. femal singers singing about sexuality, colonialism, poverty. but cheb (youth) in front of their names.
iranian music. similar to a maqam, a system of ptches for playing. each has a characteristic heptatonic scale.
hereditary caste of jewish professional musicians
rams horn trumpet
a standard method of chanting biblical texts.
spain and portugal and mediterranean
centreal and eastern europe.
sephardic tradition. has origins in renaissance span. ballad type folk songs. sung in ladino
Elements of Eastern European Music
non pulsatile songs, asymmetrical meters, repetive dance rhythsm, bright and brassy timbres, epic songs, socialist realism.
a scale with 5 pitches per octave, with no semitones, used in central asia
hungarian music. a plucked zither with frets. the melody is played on 2 strings, while the other two strings provide a drone.
hungarian music. a duct flute found in hungary and surrounding countries.
dance houses. hungarian. collected suppressed folk dances, played on amplified violin and bass.
romani folk songs
often without instruments, uses szabajo- percussive mouth bass. dance songs, but also parlando rubato, which are slow and emotionally intense.
bulgarian. a bagpipe
bulgarian circle dances
bulgarian. large, cylindrical bass drum.
a long necked plucked lute.
Russian Folk Music
wedding songs, calendar song, and laments. simple melodies, repitive motives, limited range, use of semitones. improvised polyphony!
georgian table songs
improvised polyphony, up to 4 parts sung around a center melody by singing in parallel 3rds and 4ths.
russian. a lute like instrument w/ 3 strings, frets and a distinctive triangular body.
russian. a plucked ziter with a wing shape.
Elements of Latin American Music
use of harmony, parallel thirds, parallel phrase, distinctive dance rhythms, rhythm guitar.
from the jalisco region, rancheros.
huge guitar that is the bass for mariachi music.
generic term for folk band, but also associated with northern mexico. has the diatonic button accordion, the bajo sexto guitar.
gulf coast, veracruz. fandangoes, zapateados.
jarocho music. a diatonic harp with huge resonator
jarocho music. a medium sized strummed guitar
jarocho music. a very small guitar with 4 or 5 strings
Elements of African Music
polyrhythm, call and response, percussion, background shimmer, connection between music and language.
african. a small, folded piece of iron (looks like a banana) held loosely in the palm and hit with a small metal stick.
african. iron double bell. timekeeper, the two bells give different pitches.
african. rattle with a net of beads around it. can be shaken, or hit on palm or knee
african. a large long drum, usually about 5 feet tall and roughly cylindrical.