An acid that does not completely disassociate into ions in a solution, eg acetic acid
an ionic compound composed of a cation (+ion) from a base and an anion (-ion) from an acid
substances that conduct an electric current when they are dissolved in water.
refers to a substance that contains no water molecules
A substance that can react as either an acid or a base
an acid composed of only two elements, one of which is hydrogen
an acid that ionizes completely in aqueous solution
an acid containing three elements.
A bare proton combined with a water molecule, H3O+
A base that ionizes only slightly in a solution
the particle that remains after an acid has donated a proton or hydrogen ion.
are those ions present in a solution but not involved in a reaction.
an acid that can donate more than one proton (H+) per molecule. Can be diprotic (H2SO4) or triprotic (H3CO3)
a substance that changes in color depending on the pH of the solution that the substance is in.
a solution whose concentration is accurately known
a reaction between water and a salt to create an acid or a base
process in which a solution of known concentration is used to determine the concentration of another solution
a solution that resists a change in its pH even when a strong acid or base is added to it
a measure of hydronium ion concentration equal to -log [H3O+] and ranging in value from 0 to 14.
Theory of acids and bases that states that acids are compounds that release H+ ions and bases are compounds that release OH- ions.
Theory of acids and bases that states that acids are compounds that donate H+ ions (protons) in a reaction and bases are the compounds that accepts H+ ions (protons) in the reaction.
Theory of acids and bases that states that acids are electron pair acceptors and bases are electron pair donors.
substance that is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution
capable of being dissolved
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dispersed throughout a single phase
substance in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution
a mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated by settling or filtration
a mixture in which the particles are dispersed throughout but are not heavy enough to settle out
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that conducts an electric current
scattering of light by particles in a colloid or suspension, which causes a beam of light to become visible
a mixture that contains as much dissolved solute as is possible at a given temperature
any solution that can dissolve more solute at a given temperature
contains more solute than it can theoretically hold at a given temperature
a measure of how much solute can dissolve in a solvent at a given temperature
the mass of solute in a given volume of solution, or mass/volume.
the number of moles of solute per liter of solution
the process of ionic compounds breaking down into smaller ionic particles
net ionic equation
an equation for a reaction in solution showing only those particles that are directly involved in the chemical change
any process that results in the formation of an ion
any acid that contains oxygen
An acid that can donate only one proton (hydrogen ion) per molecule.
Particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
reaction in which an acid reacts with a base and forms water and a salt
determines the pH of a solution by measuring the voltage between the two electrodes that are placed in the solution.
the point at which the two solutions used in a titration are present in chemically equivalent amounts
the point in a titration at which an indicator changes color