Where do the Hawaiian Islands lie?
The lush Hawaiian Islands, a chain of 8 large
and 100 or so smaller islands, lay about 2,000
miles (3,200 km) west of California, in the Pacficic Ocean.
Who controlled most of the land and businesses in Hawaii after the introduction of sugarcane in the 1830s?
What did King Kalakaua allow in 1887 in return for the renewal of the trade agreement allowing no tariffs on Hawaiian sugar?
the United States to establish a naval base at Pearl Harbor, the best seaport in the islands.
How did Hawaiian sugar planters plan to avoid the tariff when it was reinstated in the early 1890s?
They decided to make Hawaii a territory of the United States.
What change did Queen Liliuokalani make when she came to the throne?
The new ruler wanted Hawaiians to regain economic control of their islands, and she took away powers that the American sugar planters had held.
What was the response of the white planters?
the white planters overthrew Liliuokalani and set up their own provisional, or temporary, government in 1893.
When did Hawaii become a territory of the United States?
Congress approved the annexation of Hawaii in 1898, after
William McKinley became president. In 1900 Hawaii became a territory of the United States.
What did Samoa give Americans in 1878?
In 1878 Samoa agreed to give Americans special trading rights and permission to build a naval station at the port of Pago Pago.
Why did the United States, Germany, and Great Britain meet in Berlin in 1899?
In 1899 the United States, Great Britain, and Germany met in Berlin and—without consulting the Samoans—decided to divide up the islands. The United States and Germany split Samoa between them, while Great Britain agreed to withdraw from the area in return for rights on other Pacific islands. The Americans annexed their portion of Samoa the same year.
What five nations had established spheres of influence in China by the late 1890s?
Japan, Germany, Great Britain, France, Russia.
Who proposed an Open Door policy for China?
Secretary of State John Hay
What was the Boxer Rebellion?
in late 1899 a secret Chinese martial arts society, known as the Boxers, led a violent uprising against the "foreign devils" in China. Many died and for nearly two months, hundreds more were trapped in the besieged capital city of Beijing. Finally, in August 1900, foreign troops broke the siege and defeated the Boxers.
What did the second Open Door policy stress?
Stressed the importance of maintaining China's independence and respecting its borders. Alarmed by the rebellion, the other foreign powers accepted Hay's policy.
What did Japan's disregard for the policy lead to?
Japan's actions led to war with Russia ( Russo-Japanese War ) and conflict with the United States.
What were the terms of the Treaty of Portsmouth?
It recognized Japan's control of Korea in return for a pledge by Japan to halt its expansion.
What did the San Francisco Board of Education do in 1906?
in 1906 the San Francisco Board of Education ordered that all
Asian students attend separate schools.
What was the "Great White Fleet"?
In 1907 President Roosevelt sent 16 gleaming white battleships on a cruise around the world to display the nation's naval power. The "Great White Fleet" greatly impressed the Japanese. By 1909 the United States and Japan had resolved many of their differences.