Sociology Chapter 3 Quizzes

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Mead's theory of personal development is based on the image that we present to those around us, the reactions of these people, and way that we interpret these reactions.
T/F

False

Parents are the first significant others to show children the gender map.
T/F

Ture

Social class, gender, race, and ethnicity are aspects of one's life that fall into the category of social location.
T/F

True

What discovery did Skeels and Dye make when they administered intelligence tests to a sample of orphans cared for by trained professionals in a "good" orphanage and to a second sample of orphans raised by residents of an institution for mentally retarded women?

The orphans raised by the mentally impaired scored an average of 28 points higher than those raised by trained professionals.

The process by which we develop a sense of self, referred to as the "looking-glass self," was developed by ________.

Charles Horton Cooley

The symbolic interactionist who stressed that play was crucial to the development of the concept of self was ________.

George Herbert Mead

Like our mind, our emotions depend on ______.

socialization

Universal facial expressions to express basic emotions fall under the category of ___________.

biology

What is the proposed source of the six specific emotions that Paul Ekman identified as being present in all cultures?

They are a product of our genes.

What conclusion did psychologists Susan Goldberg and Michael Lewis make after observing the interactions of mothers and their children?

Mothers unconsciously rewarded their daughters for being dependent.

Mead emphasized that in order to learn to take the role of the "other," a child must pass through three stages -
imitation, play, and team game. T/F

True

Based on studies of isolated and institutionalized children, what is the key variable in acquiring the basic "human" traits we take for granted?

Intimate early social interaction

Bob's football coach is a very important influence in his life. Many of Bob's actions are attempts to win the approval of his coach. Mead would suggest that the coach is one of Bob's ________.

significant others

Of the following traits and abilities, which one would George Herbert Mead consider MOST essential for an individual to be a full-fledged member of society?

the ability to take the role of another

George Herbert Mead theorized that learning to take the role of the other entails three stages—the ________, _______, and _______ stages.

imitation, play, team games

According to Piaget, the stage of development that is dominated by touching, listening, looking, and the inability to recognize cause and effect is the ________ stage.

sensorimotor

The period following high school when young adults have not yet taken on the responsibilities ordinarily associated with adulthood is called ________.

transitional adulthood

Individuals who are approximately the same age and are linked by common interests, including friends, classmates, and the "kids in the neighborhood," are MOST appropriately referred to as ________.

peers

The Smiths are going Christmas shopping for their two children, Jack and Jane. They plan to buy Jack a Tonka truck and Jane a Barbie doll. Their selection of toys for their children is an example of ________ by parents.

gender socialization

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