PSY2012 Chapter 12 Psychological Disorders Drug Dependency

37 terms by thumpaholden

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stimulants

Drugs (such as caffeine, nicotine and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine and ecstasy) that excite neural activity and speed up body functions.

depressants

What category of psychoactive drug are opiates?

THC

The major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a variety of effects including mild hallucinations.

stimulants

What category of psychoactive drug are amphetamines?

hallucinogen

What category of psychoactive drug is marijuana?

alcohol dependence

Alcohol use marked by tolerance, withdrawal if suspended and drive to continue use.

depressants, hallucinogens, stimulants

Three categories of psychoactive drugs.

alcohol

Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: impaired reactions, depression, memory loss, organ damage?

hallucinogen

What category of psychoactive drug is LSD?

LSD

A powerful hallucinogenic drug, also known as acid.

marijuana

Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: impaired learning and memory, increased risk of psychological disorders, lung damage.

near-death experience

An altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death (such as through cardiac arrest); often similar to drug-induced hallucinogens.

heroin

Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: depressed physiology, agonizing withdrawal?

LSD

Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: risk of panic?

caffeine

Which drug has the following negative afteraffects in high doses: anxiety, restlessness and insomnia, uncomfortable withdrawal?

depressants

What category of psychoactive drugs are barbiturates?

depressant

What category of psychoactive drug is morphine?

stimulant

What category of psychoactive drug is caffeine?

ecstasy

Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: dehydration, overheating, depressed mood, impaired cognitive and immune functioning?

physical and psychological

Two types of drug dependence.

methamphetamine

A powerful addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system with speeded up body functions and associated energy and mood changes; over time, appears to reduce baseline dopamine levels.

stimulant

What category of psychoactive drug is nicotine?

nicotine

A stimulating and highly addictive psychoactive drug in tobacco.

nicotine

Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: heart disease, cancer?

amphetamines

Drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded up body functions and associated energy and mood changes.

ecstasy (MDMA)

A synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen that produces euphoria and social intimacy, but with short term health risks and longer term harm to serotonin-producing neurons and to mood and cognition.

depressant

What category of psychoactive drug is alcohol?

opiates

Opium and its derivatives such as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.

stimulant

What category of psychoactive drug is cocaine?

cocaine

Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: cardiovascular stress, suspiciousness, depressive crash?

hallucinogens

Psychedelic (mind manifesting) drugs that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.

barbiturates

Drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgment.

methamphetamine

Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: irritability, insomnia, high blood pressure, seizures?

depressants

Drugs (such as alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that calm neural activity and slow body functions.

FALSE

True or False: In large amounts, alcohol is a depressant; in small amounts, it is a stimulant.

depressant

What category of psychoactive drug is heroin?

stimulant

What category of psychoactive drug is ecstasy?

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