Psych 101_8

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Ch. 8

Some information in our fleeting ________ is encoded into short-term memory.

Sensory Memory

The integration of new incoming information with knowledge retrieved from long-term memory involves the activity of

A working memory

You are most likely to automatically encode information about

The sequence of your day's events.

Jamille performs better on foreign language vocabulary tests if she studies the material 15 minutes every day for 8 days than if she crams for 2 hours the night before the test. This illustrates what is known as

the spacing effect

We are more likely to remember the words "typewriter, cigarette, and fire" than the words "void, process, and inherent." This best illustrates the value of

imagery

Chunking refers to

the organization of information into meaningful units.

The address for obtaining tickets to a popular quiz show flashes on the TV screen, but the image disappears before Sergei has had a chance to write down the complete address. To his surprise, however, he has retained a momentary mental image of the five-digit zip code. His experience best illustrates ________ memory.

iconic

Joshua vividly recalls his feelings and what he was doing at the exact moment when he heard of his grandfather's unexpected death. This best illustrates

flashbulb memory

The ability to learn something without any conscious memory of having learned it suggests the need to distinguish between

explicit and implicit memory

Damage to the ________ is most likely to interfere with explicit memories of verbal information. Damage to the ________ is most likely to interfere with explicit memories of visual designs.

left hippocampus; right hippocampus

When 80-year-old Ida looked at her old wedding pictures, she was flooded with vivid memories of her parents, her husband, and the early years of her marriage. The pictures served as powerful

retrieval cues

While in a context similar to one you've been in before, you see a stranger who looks and walks like one of your friends. These circumstances are likely to trigger the experience of

deja vu

Judy is embarrassed because she momentarily fails to remember a good friend's name. Judy's poor memory most likely results from a failure in

retrieval

A type of motivated forgetting in which anxiety-arousing memories are blocked from conscious awareness is known as

repression

Many of the experimental participants who were asked how fast two cars in a filmed traffic accident were going when they smashed into each other subsequently recalled seeing broken glass at the scene of the accident. This experiment best illustrated

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