A group of similar cells that preform a specific task.
Tissues combine to form this.
To get used to an environment.
(biology) The major taxonomic group of animals and plants.
Animals having a bony or cartilaginous skeleton with a segmented spinal column and a large brain enclosed in a skull or cranium.
The same on both sides of a vertical plane.
The property of symmetry about an axis.
the immature free-living form of most invertebrates and amphibians and fish which at hatching from the egg is fundamentally unlike its parent and must metamorphose
Animals with stinging cells.
vase shaped body plan
bowl shaped body plan
Animals which live together
Structure built up by cnidarians and are homes to many animals.
Free living organism
Organism that lives alone.
Any animal that feeds on refuse and other decaying organic matter.
Closed circulatory system
System in which blood is contained within a network of blood vessels.
invertebrate having a soft unsegmented body usually enclosed in a shell
Open circulatory system
system in which blood is not always contained within a network of blood vessels
respiratory organ of aquatic animals that breathe oxygen dissolved in water
a mollusk with a single shell or no shell
tongue-shaped structure used for feeding by snails and slugs
marine or freshwater mollusks having a soft body with platelike gills enclosed within two shells hinged together
marine mollusk characterized by well-developed head and eyes and sucker-bearing tentacles
What charachteristic do all gymnosperms share?
They all have seeds not enclosed by fruit.
Angiosperms produce what?
They produce fruit.
Which one has the scattered bundles of tissue through out the plant? monocot or dicot?
How many cotyleddons do dicots have?
What are the multiples of flower petals dicots have?
4s and 5s
Do Monocots have branching or parallel vains?
Are pistils the male or female reproductive part?
What is a difference between angio and gymnosperms?
Angiosperms produce fruit. Gymnosperms do not.
live for more than two years
complete their life cycle in two years
complete a life cycle within one growing season
Angiosperms are useed by humans to...
A source of food, clothing, and medicine.
Gases pass in and out of the leaf through the...
Dormacy is when the organisms groth or activity...
Part of plant that carries substances between roots an leaves.
a system where farmers know how much fertilizer and water to put on crops, and gives plants ideal conditions is...
a technique of growing plants (without soil) in water containing dissolved nutrients
HWn scientists altar an organisms genetic material to produce an organism that people find useful is ...
living organisms all need
Taxnomic Keys are used to
the scientific study of how living things are classified
Which is the broadest classification level
Scientist organize things So they are______ to study
An organisms classification consists of
Genus and Species
organisms that make their own food
organisms that cannot make their own food
process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment
Name one advantage of scientific names
Makes Them easier to look up and study
Would you survive on Early earth? Why?
No. No Oxygen
Birds have different beaks because of what they
Charles Darwin had a theroy of ____ Animals adapted overtime to their surroundings and food.
Bacteria and arechea are
Viruses are like___. They harm the cells they enter.
What process results in genetically different bacteria
DIcots have ___ vains
The Stamen is the ___ part
Name a role of bacteria.
they make food
Heterotrophic bacteia consume
Other heterotrophic and autotrophic bacteria.
Endospores form during...
what happens in the phloem
Food moves down from leaves
stored food is part of the
Which is not part of the seed? fruit or embryo?
What parrt of woody stem indicates age
What provides enrgy for a virus
Process of breaking down food ro release energy
The genetic material is found in the
Virusses and bacteria
antiobiotic reaistant means
To be able to survive in the presence of an antibiotic.
hidden virus becomes part of
The host cells genetic material.
always found in bacteria
the bacteia move
A _____ covers the genetic material of a virus.
The virus injects______ in to its host's cell
Its genetic material
Whatt does the enospore do.
Protects the bacteria during harsh conditions.
What happens if you take an antibiotic for a virus?
It makes the symptoms go away but does not kill the virus.
Spores produced by funguslike protist grow into
increase in nutrients may cuase
thread like structures that make up bodies of multicellular fungi are called
nimal like protist and fungi are
plant like protists are
What structures alow ameobas to move
Fungi share the common charachteristic of being
What multicellular fungi look like depends on
how its hyphae are arranged
Fungi that ddecompose dead organisms can
cause serious diseas in plants
Which is not a charachteristic all living things share
Something that causes an organisim to react is a
Plants are all
Vacuoles do what in the plant?
protects the leaf
What Makes the leaf green
When light is reflected the object reflecting it...
apears that color
a ferns leaves
The stages of a plants life are
sporophyte and gametophyte
The two types of plants are
Vascular and Nonvascular
Vascular differ from non in
how they transport material
The energy that powers photosynthesis
comes from the sun
sugar and water
Photosynthesis takes part in
The part of moss that absorbs water and nutrints from the soil is
The spores that plants produce develop into the
invertebrate having jointed limbs and a segmented body with an exoskeleton made of chitin
any mainly aquatic arthropod usually having a segmented body and chitinous exoskeleton
Transformation or dramatic change
air-breathing arthropods characterized by simple eyes and four pairs of legs
small air-breathing arthropod
part of an insect's body that bears the wings and legs
Insect development consisting of four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult
an insect in the inactive stage of development (when it is not feeding) intermediate between larva and adult
Has no instinct larval stage, instead a nymph stage
a larva of an insect with incomplete metamorphosis (as the dragonfly or mayfly)
marine invertebrates with tube feet and calcite-covered five-part radially symmetrical bodies
the internal skeleton
water vascular system
system of fluid-filled tubes used by echinoderms in locomotion and feeding and respiration
branches of water vascular system that function in locomotion, feeding and respiration
any animal of the phylum Chordata having a notochord or spinal column
a flexible rodlike structure that forms the supporting axis of the body in the lowest chordates and lowest vertebrates and in embryos of higher vertebrates
a single back bone
an animal whose body temperature varies with the temperature of its surroundings
An animal whose body controls and regulates its temperature by controlling the internal heat it produces
tough elastic tissue
an air-filled sac near the spinal column in many fishes that helps maintain buoyancy
cold-blooded vertebrate typically living on land but breeding in water
either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates
the central area in a building
a chamber of the heart that receives blood from an atrium and pumps it to the arteries
the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs
any cold-blooded vertebrate of the class Reptilia including tortoises turtles snakes lizards alligators crocodiles and extinct forms
liquid excretory product
either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
A shelled, water-retaining egg that enables reptiles, birds, and egg-laying mammals to complete their life cycles on dry land
warm-blooded egg-laying vertebrates characterized by feathers and forelimbs modified as wings
feathers covering the body of an adult bird and determining its shape
soft fine feathers
a pouch in many birds and some lower animals that resembles a stomach for storage and preliminary maceration of food
thick-walled muscular pouch below the crop in many birds and reptiles for grinding food
the part under the wing and above theair
any warm-blooded vertebrate having the skin more or less covered with hair
specialized organs in mammals that produce milk to nourish the young
a large mussle located at bottom of an animals rib cage
mammals that lay eggs
mammals of which the females have a pouch (the marsupium) containing the teats where the young are fed and carried
the period during which an embryo develops (about 266 days in humans)
mammals having a placenta
the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus
manner of acting or conducting yourself
inborn pattern of behavior often responsive to specific stimuli
the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge
a learning process in early life whereby species specific patterns of behavior are established
a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
When you try and fail something til you get it right.
The process of learning how to solve a problem or do something new by applying what is already known
A chemical that affects behavior.
a behavior cycle that occurs over a period of one day
where does a fish obtain oxygen from
what do fih use to get oxygen from the water
fish have a ______ circulatory system
the irculatory system suplies the body cells with...
fish swim by moving their
most ish use____reproduction
after the eggs are released the ____ fish fertilizes them
major groups of fish
Name on thing a fishes nervous system does
helps it find food
fish are catorgirized based on
mouth structure and skeleton type
jawlees fish have no
cartlaginous fish have ___ not bones
bony fis have________which helps it stay stabe in different water depths.
a swim bladder
where do echinoderms live
echinoderms use___ to move
what type of symmetry do echinoderms have
how do sea stars capture pray
they use their tube feet to grab them
what do sea urchins spines do
help them move and protect them
echinoderms have no back bone they are
echinoderms have an________ skeleton
Insects have ______ legs
where are insects legs located
what do all insects have on their head
egg, lrva, pupa and adult are all part of _____ metamorphis
Nymph,egg,and adult are all part of _____ metamorphis
what are the three body sections of an insect
head,thorax and abdomen
what are the three types of mollusks
gastropods, bivalves, and cephlopods
the thin layer of skin that covers the internal organs of a mollusk is the
mollusks that live in the water most of the time have
mollusks have a ___ which helps them mov and obtain food
molusks have ____ which protect them
clams,mussles,snaila,octopuses and squidsmare all examples of
mollusks have_____ circulatory systems
sponges are____ tey have no back bone
sponges are invertabrates
sponges have ____ symmetry
sponges do not have
tissues or organs
sexually and aesexual
sponges aesexuals reproductive process is called
cnidarians have ___symmetry
cnidarians have radial symmetry
jelly fish are
at one point in their life cnidarians have
The mouth opens at the ____of the polyp
what the three types of worms
flat,roud and segmented worms
worms have a bacbone. t or f
worms have long narrow bodies with out
brain of worms allows them to detect objects such as
food and mates
worms have tissue body systems and
worms use both ____________reproduction
sexual and aesexual
animals are all
animls are made of many
animals mantain stable internal environments. t or f
undergoes reproduction ______- and_______
sexually and aesexually