Who were the main composers?
Handel and Bach
George Fridrick Handel lived in what years?
Where was Handel born?
Where did he study and compose?
What kind of music did Handel write?
He wrote Operas, oratorios, cantatas, songs, anthems, and instrumental music.
How much did Handel write in this era?
He wrote an extreme amount.
what kind of suites did Handel write?
What kind of oratorio would Handel write?
Performed by solo voices, chorus, and the orchestra.
What example of an oratorio did Handel write?
Where did "The Messiah" appear?
in Dublin in 1742
How many days did Handel write the Messiah?
It took him 24 days.
What was the libretto made out of?
The old and new testament
What were the three parts of the messiah?
Christmas, easter, and redemption.
What specific type of musical style is christmas written in?
soprano aria (rejoice greatly)
Easter has a main chorus of what?
The "Hallelujah chorus
The christmas section is written in what FORM?
Look back at slide 6 for more info
the rejoice greatly part is the written in soprano aria is in what form?
The baroque cantata was involves what kind of musicians?
One or more solo vocalists, instrumental accompaniment, and a chorus later on.
what are the possible themes of a baroque cantata sacred or secular?
it can be both sacred or secular.
Johann Sebastian Back lived from when to when?
When who died did the baroque era end?
what was Bach as a musician?
a german composer, an organist, and an educator
Did Bach contribute to the baroque style?
where did Bach hold his career?
In northern Germany
What was Bach's family like?
What instrument did Bach play?
what religion was Bach?
A devout Lutheran
What kind of music did Bach compose?
Secular and Church patron music
How many sacred cantatas did Bach write for the Lutheran church?
What kind of multimovement works did Bach write?
solo arias, recitatives, chorus, and orchestral accompaniment
what famous cantata did Bach write?
A coffee cantata
did Bach every compose for another reiligion?
A Catholic mass: St. Mathew, and St. John
Bach's cantata #80 was named
A mighty fortress is our God
Who was Martin Luther
A priest in the protestant formation that become the first Lutheran.
-(Activist, and composer)
What is a chorale
a hymn tune, by a German protestant
Early hymns were sung in
The hymns later became how many parts?
4 part harmony, with a soprano melody