Social Studies - MP1 Review

145 terms by mtyler1115 Plus

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

What does the word "Culture" mean?

The way of life for a group of people. The culture includes language, religion, customs, traditions and adaptations to the environment.

What is latitude?

Imaginary lines that run horizontally (east to west) across a globe. (lat=flat)

What is the line of latitude that divides the northern and southern hemispheres?

Equator

What is longitude?

Imaginary lines that run vertically (north to south) down a globe.

What is an easy way to remember longitude?

Think of Santa's long trip from the North to the South Pole

What is the line of longitude that divides the eastern and western hemispheres?

Prime Meridian

In which hemisphere is North American located?

Western Hemisphere

In which hemisphere is Europe located?

Eastern Hemisphere

What are lakes?

Bodies of water surrounded by land

What are rivers?

Natural streams of fresh water that empty into a larger body of water

What are tributaries?

Streams of water that flow into larger rivers

What are gulfs and bays?

Parts of a sea or ocean partly surrounded by land.

What are mountains?

Landforms that extend above the surrounding terrain

What are hills?

Elevated area that are smaller than mountains

What are plains?

Vast, flat areas with elevation

What are plateaus?

Large, flat areas of land that are higher than surrounding land

What are islands?

Land masses (smaller than continents) that are surrounded by water

What are Peninsulas?

Pieces of land that are surrounded by water on three sides

What are continents?

Large landmasses surrounded by water.

What are the seven continents?

North America
South America
Africa
Asia
Australia
Antarctica
Europe

Can you name the seven continents?

1. North America
2. South America
3. Africa
4. Europe
5. Asia
6. Australia
7. Antarctica

Which continent is still considered a continent even though it isn't completely surrounded by water?

Europe

Which two land masses are frequently combined as one and what are they called?

Eurasia

What are the five oceans?

Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Arctic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Southern Ocean

Can you name the oceans?

1. Pacific
2. Arctic
3. Atlantic
4. Indian
5. Southern

Can you match the names to the regions?

G = Coastal Range
B = Basin and Range
H = Rocky Mountains
A= Great Plains
C = Interior Lowlands
D = Appalachian Highlands
E = Coastal Range
F = Canadian Shield

Which region is located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico?

Coastal Plain

Which region contains Broad lowland providing many excellent harbors?

Coastal Plain

Which region is located west of Coastal Plain extending from eastern Canada to western Alabama; includes the Piedmont?

Appalachian Highlands

Which region contains old, eroded mountains that are the oldest in North America?

Appalachian Highlands

Which region is wrapped around the Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape?

Canadian Shield

In the Canadian Shield, what has worn down the hills?

erosion

In the Canadian Shield, what carved hundreds of lakes?

glaciers

Which region holds some of the oldest rock formations in North America?

Canadian Shield

Which region is located west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Great Plains?

Interior Lowlands

Which region contains rolling flatlands with many rivers, broad river valleys, and grassy hills?

Interior Lowlands

Which river is known as the "Gateway to the West"?

Ohio River

Which region is located west of Interior Lowlands and east of the Rocky Mountains ?

Great Plains

Which region contains flat land that gradually increases in elevation westward; grasslands?

Great Plains

Which region is located west of the Great Plains and east of the Basin and Range?

Rocky Mountains

Which region contains rugged mountains stretching from Alaska almost to Mexico; high elevations?

Rocky Mountains

What determines the directional flow of Rivers? What region is it in?

Continental Divide; Rocky Mountains

Which region is located west of Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevadas and the Cascades?

Basin and Range

Which regions contains varying elevations of isolated mountain ranges and low valleys?

Basin and Range

What is the lowest point in North America? Which region is it in?

Death Valley; Basin and Range

Which region contains rugged mountains along the Pacific Coast that stretch from California to Canada ?

Coastal Range

Which region contains fertile valleys?

Coastal Range

Can you identify the rivers?

1. Colorado
2. Rio Grande
3. Columbia
4. Missouri
5. Missippi
6. Ohio
7. St. Lawrence Seaway
8. Atlantic Ocean
9. Gulf of Mexico
10. Lake Superior
11. Lake Michigan
12. Lake Huran
13. Lake Ontario
14. Lake Erie
15. Pacific Ocean

During the Ice Age, glaciers covered land that is now the area of the ____________.

Great Lakes

Name 3 ways that the bodies of water supported interaction and created links to other regions?

trade, settlement, and transportation

The location of these 3 areas as part of the U.S. has provided access to other parts of the world.

Atlantic Coast, Pacific Coast, and Gulf of Mexico

What served as the highway for explorers, early settlers, and immigrants?

Atlantic Ocean

Inland port cities grew in the Midwest around which bodies of water?

Great Lakes

What links the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean?

St. Lawrency Seaway

What is west of the United States and touches California and was also an early exploration route?

Pacific Ocean

What provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America?

Gulf of Mexico

What rivers are tributaries to the Mississippi River?

Ohio and Missouri

Which two rivers are a transportation artery for farmland and industrial products to other parts of the world?

Mississippi and Missouri

Which is the longest river in the U.S.?

Mississippi

Which river was explored by Lewis and Clark?

Columbia

Which river was explored by the Spanish?

Colorado

Which river runs through the Grand Canyon?

Colorado

Which river forms the natural boundary between Mexico and the United States (Texas)?

Rio Grande

Which continent is also considered an island and a country?

Australia

What bodies of water can be found between the United States and Canada?

Great Lakes

The Rocky Mountains stretch from _______ to _______.

Alaska to Mexico

What body of water borders bothTexas and Florida?

Gulf of Mexico

What are Archeologists?

Archaeologists study human behavior and cultures of the past through the recovery and analysis of artifacts.

When and how did the first people arrive in North America?

Scientists don't know for sure

Where is one of the oldest archeological sites in the United States located?

Cactus Hill and it is located on the Nottoway River in southeastern Virginia.

When did people live in Cactus Hill?

Evidence suggest that humans lived there as early as 18,000 years ago.

Which tribe inhabited present-day Alaska and northern Canada? They lived in Arctic areas where the temperature is below freezing much of the year.

Inuits

Which tribe inhabited the Pacific Northwest coast, characterized by a rainy, mild climate?

Kwakiutl

Which tribe inhabited the interior of the United States, called the Great Plains and characterized by dry grasslands?

Lakota

Which tribe inhabited the Southwest in present-day New Mexico and Arizona, where they lived in desert areas and areas bordering cliffs and mountains.?

Pueblo

Which tribe inhabited northeast North America, the North Eastern Woodlands, which is heavily forested?

Iroquois

Can you match the tribes to the regions?

1. Pueblo
2. Lakota
3. Iroquois
4. Inuits
5. Kwakiutls

What determined how various American Indian (First American) groups met their basic needs (lived)?

Geography and climate

How did geography and climate affect the way American Indian (First American) groups met their basic needs?

Each tribe had different resources in their environment because their geography and climate were different.

What did American Indians depend on for food, clothing, and shelter?

Resources in their environment

What did American Indians do to get their food?

The American Indians (First Americans) fished, hunted, and harvested crops for food.

What did American Indians use for their clothing?

Clothing was made from animal skins (mostly deer skins) and plants.

What did American Indians use for their shelter?

Their shelter was made of resources found in their environment (e.g., sod, stones, animal skins, wood).

What is a natural resource?

Things that come directly from nature.

What is a human resource?

People using their talents and skills to produce goods and services.

What is a capital resource?

Goods produced and used to make other goods and services.

What was the name of the type of dwelling the Kwakiutl tribe lived in as their home?

Plankhouse - Built houses out of planks of wood from large trees

How did the Kwakiutl tribe use the environment for food?

Fished - Ate primarily fish and sea mammals such as walrus, whale and seal

How did the Kwakiutl tribe use the environment for clothing?

Wore animal hides, tree bark, and plants

What is the Kwakiutl tribe known for?

- Known for totem poles, ceremonial masks, and potlatches
- Private property and wealth were important
- Had a class system based on wealth

What was the name of the type of dwelling the Pueblo tribe lived in as their home?

Adobe apartment dwellings

How did the Pueblo tribe use the environment for shelter?

- Built houses out of adobe (a type of clay)
- Also used mud and stones

How did the Pueblo tribe use the environment for food?

- Farmed (ate squash, beans, and other cultivated vegetables
- Hunted small game (rabbit, deer, elk)

How did the Pueblo tribe use the environment for clothing?

- Wore animal hides and woven cloth
- Wove cloth from natural fibers from plants like cotton

What is the Pueblo tribe known for?

- Known as the "Weavers"
- Also known for special dolls they made called Kachina dolls

What was the name of the type of dwelling the Inuit tribe lived in as their home?

Igloo

How did the Inuit tribe use the environment for shelter?

Built ice houses from ice blocks

How did the Inuit tribe use the environment for food?

Fished - They ate fish and sea mammals.

How did the Inuit tribe use the environment for clothing?

Wore mainly seal skins

What is the Inuit tribe known for?

Also known as Eskimos

What was the name of the type of dwelling the Lakota tribe lived in as their home?

Tepee

How did the Lakotatribe use the environment for shelter?

mobile - moved around -- Built their homes out of animal hides (buffalo)

How did the Lakota tribe use the environment for food?

- Hunted buffalo and sometimes deer and fowl
- Moved from place to place to follow the buffalo (their food)

How did the Lakota tribe use the environment for clothing?

Wore animal skins, mainly buffalo hides

What is the Lakota tribe known for?

- Also known as the "Dakota and Sioux"
- Are called "Nomads"; people who moved from place to place (they followed the buffalo)

What was the name of the type of dwelling the Iroquois tribe lived in as their home?

Longhouse (or wigwams)

How did the Iroquois tribe use the environment for shelter?

- Built houses out of wood
- Used tree saplings, tree bark and grass (sod)

How did the Iroquois tribe use the environment for food?

- Fished
- Hunted (ate deer, bear, berries, squirrel, rabbit, fowl, etc.)
- Harvested crops (farmed)
- Women were excellent farmers

How did the Iroquois tribe use the environment for clothing?

- Wore animal hides (Deer)
- used plants

What is the Iroquois tribe known for?

- Known for women being excellent farmers
- Five then later six tribes in this group banded together to create a confederacy -- league of Iroquois

When was the Age of Exploration?

From about 1418 to 1620

What was one of the major reasons European explorers made daring voyages during the Age of Exploration?

The desire to find sea routes to east Asia, which Europeans called the Indies

Why did European exploration begin to flourish in the 1400s?

1. Europeans of this time had several motives for exploring the world - gold, glory, God.
2. Advances in knowledge and technology helped make voyages of discovery possible.

Why did major European countries want to extend their power into North America and claim the land as their own?

Major European countries were in competition to extend their power into North America and claim the land as their own.

What were the MOTIVATING FORCES that made European countries want to compete for power in North America?

$ - Economic—Gold, natural resources, and trade
† - Religious—Spread of Christianity
o - Competitions for empire and belief in superiority of own culture

What is an easy way to remember the three reasons that made European countries want to compete for power in North America?

The 3 Gs: Gold, God, and Glory

What were the OBSTACLES faced by the explorers?

o Poor maps and navigational tools
o Disease/starvation
o Fear of unknown
o Lack of adequate supplies

Which empires each dominated West Africa in turn from 300 to l600 A.D.?

• Ghana, Mali, and Songhai each dominated West Africa in turn from 300 to l600 A.D.
• They were known as the West African empires.

Where were the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai located?

They were located in the western region of Africa, south of the Sahara Desert, near the Niger River.

How did Ghana, Mali, and Songhai become powerful?

• Ghana, Mali, and Songhai became powerful by controlling trade routes in West Africa.
• Ghana was first, then Mali, then Songhai
• Remember them in ABC order and you will know their order of power: (G) Ghana, (M) Mali, (S) Songhai

Who was in control of the gold trade routes when Portugal arrived?

Songhai was in control in West Africa when the Portuguese arrived.

What did Songhai have that the Europeans wanted?

Songhai had gold and slaves

What did Europe have that Africa wanted?

Europeans had metals, cloth, and other manufactured goods. (Capital resources)

Which continent do we refer to as the "New World"?

North America

Which country came first to the New World?

Spain

Who was the explorer who first came to the New World?

Christopher Columbus

Where was Christopher Columbus trying to go and what was he looking for?

• He was trying to go to India by sailing West.
• He was looking for riches and spices.
• The Northwest passage would lead him there.

Where did Christopher Columbus actually sail to?

Bahamas

What do we call the exchange of diseases, plants, and animals between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres?

• The Columbian Exchange began the trading between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
• Scholars say Christopher Columbus carried the seeds of change as he sailed back and forth to the Americas. They say this particular time in history "was the most important event in human history since the end of the Ice Age."

What regions of North America were explored and settled by Spain?

Southwestern United States and Florida

Who was the Spanish explorer that claimed the Southwest for Spain?

Francisco Coronado

How did the American Indians (First Americans) INTERACT with the Spanish?

- Spain came first
- Conquered and enslaved American Indians (First Americans)
- Brought Christianity to the New World 1st
- Brought European diseases 1st

What areas of North America did the French explore?

Canada (Quebec) and the Mississippi River Valley

Which French explorer established the French settlement of Quebec?

Samuel de Champlain claimed Quebec

Which French explorer claimed the Mississippi River Valley?

Robert La Salle claimed the Mississippi River Valley.

How did the American Indians (First Americans) INTERACT with the French?

• Established trading posts
• Spread Christian religion

What areas of North America did England explore?

• England explorerd Newfoundland and the eastern seaboard

Who claimed Newfoundland for England?

- John Cabot claimed Newfoundland.
- Cabot's exploration led later to England's exploration and claim of the land that became the thirteen colonies.

How did the American Indians (First Americans) INTERACT with the English?

• Established settlements and claimed ownership of land
• Learned farming techniques from American Indians (First Americans)
• Traded

What did the interactions between American Indians and Europeans sometimes lead to?

• It led to cooperation and other times resulted in conflict.

How did the American Indians (First Americans) and Europeans COOPERATE with each other?

o Technologies (transportation of weapons and farm tools)
o Trade
o Crops

What CONFLICTS arose when the American Indians (First Americans) and Europeans interacted with each other?

o Land
o Competition for trade
o Differences in cultures
o Disease
o Language differences

What were the ACCOMPLISHMENTS of the explorations?

o Exchanged goods and ideas
o Improved navigational tools and ships
o Claimed territories

What is the saying to remember the 8 regions of North America?

Chuck Can't Bring Red Gum Into A Classroom

A. England
B. France
C. Spain
D. Portugal

Identify the countries who were major explorers.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set