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Anatomy final review. Questions and answers to ones i don't know

Carbon Dioxide

Of the items listed, which is not required for the maintenance of life?

Visceral pluera

The membrane on the surface of a lung is called the

sagittal section

A section that separates the body into right and left portions would be a

Epigastric region

The upper midportion of the abdomen is called the

Superior

The thoracic cavity lies where in relationship to the abdominopelvic cavity?

Negative feedback

A mechanism functioning to maintain a stable internal environment is most likely to involve

responsiveness-ability of an organism to sense changes taking place inside or outside its body and to react to these changes

Which of the following characteristics of life and their descriptions are correct?

lines cavities, covers organs

A parietal membrane ________, whereas a visceral membrane _________.

False

The parietal pericardium is attached to the surface of the heart.

False

Kidneys are part of the lymphatic system.

False

The elbow is distal to the wrist.

false

The parietal pleura is an example of a visceral membrane.

posterior

Which term refers to the back?

Ventral

Which of the following pairs is correctly matched?

Sagittal

Which type of section divides the body into right and left portions?

Coronal

Which type of section divides the body into anterior and posterior portions?

Organs

Visceral refers to

Parietal peritoneum

Which of the following refers to the membrane lining the abdominal cavity wall?

the cardiovascular system

Transportation within the body is mainly part of

nervous

Which system is the spinal cord part of

Epithelial and connective tissue

A basement membrane occurs between

Simple Squamos epithelium

The tissue through which gases are exchanged between the blood and the air in the lungs is

Psuedostratified

The tissue that forms the inner lining of the respiratory passages is

Epithelium

A carcinoma is a cancer originating from

Epithelium

About 90% of all cancers originate from

Fibrous connective tissue

Tendons and ligaments are composed primarily of

Canaliculi

Bone cells are arranged in concentric circles around longitudinal tubes called

Serous membranes

Membranes lining body cavities that lack openings to the outside are called

Synovial

Of the four major types of membranes, the one consisting of fibrous connective tissue overlying loose connective tissue is

Both a and b

Smooth muscle is found in the wall of the

Skeletal Muscle cells

Which of the following cell types are least likely to reproduce?

true

A skeletal muscle fiber contains many nuclei.

Simple Columnar

Most organs of the digestive system have an inner lining composed of the tissue called

Fibroblasts

The most common cells found in connective tissues are called

lacunae

Cartilage cells occupy small chambers called

Fibrocartilage

The intervertebral disks that separate the individual parts of the backbone are composed of __________.

Extracellular Matrix

The intercellular material that separates connective tissue cells is called

intercalated disk

The band that occurs where two cardiac muscle cells join together is called a(an) ______________.

neuroglial cell

A nerve cell can also be called a(an) __________. ________________________________________

They die

As cells are pushed from the deeper portion of the epidermis toward the surface

Epidermis

In a condition called incontinentia pigmenti, the skin has deep dark splotches, due to melanin that seeps down into the dermis. Normally, melanin is confined to the

Stratum Basale

The layer of the epidermis that includes melanocytes and a single row of columnar cells that undergo mitosis is the

areolar and adipose tissue

The subcutaneous layer of skin consists of

Vitamin D

Skin cells play an important role in producing

composed of stratified squamous epithelial tissue; composed of connective tissue, smooth muscle, and nerve cell processes

Epidermis is ________________, whereas dermis is ________________.

not part of the skin

The subcutaneous layer is

Stratum Lucidum

In areas of the skin where the epidermis is thin, the ________ may be absent.

Dermis

Accessory structures of the skin originate from the

Specialized epithelial cells

The nail plate is produced by

Nail bed and nail plate

A nail consists of a

Dead epidermal cells

Shafts of hair are composed of

a mixture of pigmented and unpigmented hairs

Gray hair is

fat globules that mix with cellular debris, forming sebum.

Sebaceous glands secrete

respond primarily to elevated body temperature

Eccrine sweat glands

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