Also know as biological Anthropology. The systematic study of humans as biological organisms.
The study of human cultures through the recovery and analysis of material remains and environmental data
The study of human languages, looking at each language's structures, history, and/or its relation to social and cultural concepts
Also known as social or sociocultural anthropology. The study of customary patterns in human behavior, thought, and feelings. It focuses on humans as culture-producing and culture-reproducing creatures.
The use of of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems, often for a specific client.
In biology, the taxonomic category of subspecies that is not applicable to humans because the division of humans into discrete types does not represent the true nature of human biological variation. In some societies race is an important social category.
The expression of the set of cultural ideas held by an ethnic group.
A doctrine of superiority by which one group justifies the dehumanization of others based on their distinctive physical characteristics.
A gradual change in the frequency of an allele or trait over space.
Jewish scientist, Challenged popular/scientific anti-Semitic notions of cranial size related to nation. The father of Anthropology
Based race on the perfection of the cranial size and said the women of the Caucus mountains had the most symmetrical skull and worked outward from there.
A fundamental principle of anthropology: that the various parts of human culture and biology must be viewed to the broadcast possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdependence.
the idea that all cultures can be ranked along a grand scale that culminated, of course, with nineteenth-century European and American industrial civilization, the "best of all possible worlds." Darwin's The Origin of Species reinforced this approach to the assessment of cultural differences.
Attempt to purify a human race through "breeding". Institutionalization, segregation, sterilization, extermination
The idea that the ways of one's own culture are the only proper ones.
Study of humans as biological organisms. They concentrate on: human evolution, primatology, growth and development of adaptation, forensics.
Study of customary patterns in human behavior, thought, and feeling. Ethnography- participant observation. Ethnology - comparisons among cultures all across the world.
Studies human culture through the recovery and analysis of material remains and environmental data. Emphasis: varies and size and scope, usually past cultures, reconstruction of human life.
Studies human language of: other primates, different cultures, endangered languages. Also studies: language structure, gendered language, body language and space.