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The Urinary System

Albuminuria

Presence of serum protein in the urine

Anuria

Without the formation of urine

Bacteriuria

Persence of bacteria in the urine

Calulus

A pebble; any abnormal concretion (stone)

Cystectomy

Surgical excision of the bladder or part of the bladder

Cystocele

Hernia of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina

Diuresis

A condition of increased or excessive flow of urine

Dysuria

Difficult or painful urination

Edema

An abnormal condition in which the body tissues contain an accumulation of fluid

Enuresis

A condition of involuntary emission of urine; bedwetting

Extracorporeal Shock-Wave Lithotriptor

A device used to crush kidney stones

Glomercular

Pertaining to the glomerulus

Hemodialysis

The use of an artificial kidney to seperate waster from the blood

Hydrophrosis

A condition in which urine collects in the renal pelvis because of an obstructed outflow

Incontinence

Inability to hold urine

Interstitial Cystitis

A chronically irritable and painful inflammation of the bladder wall

Ketonuria

Persence of ketones in the urine

Lithotrispy

The crushing of a kidney stone

Meatotomy

Incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening

Meatus

An opening or passage; the external opening of the urethra

Micturition

The process of urination

Nephrectomy

Surgical excision of a kidney

Nephron

The structural and functional unit of the kidney

Nocturia

Excessive urination during the night

Ollguria

Scanty urination

Renal

Pertaining to the kidney

Pyuria

Pus in the urine

Periurethral

Pertaining to around the urethra

Polyuria

Excessive urination

Pyelocystitis

Inflammation of the bladder and renal pelvis

Renin

An enzyme produced by the kidney

Renal Transplant

Surgical procedure to implant a donor kidney to a recipient

Renal Failure

Cessation of proper functioning of the kidney

Renal Colic

An acute pain the occurs in the kidney and is caused by blockage during the passage of a stone

Residual Urine

Urine that is left in the bladder after urination

Sediment

The substance that settles at the bottom of a liquid; a precipitate

Specimen

A sample of tissue, blood, urine, or other material intended to show the nature of the whole

Tirgonitis

Inflammation of the trigone of the bladder

Urea

The chief nitrogenous constituent of urine

Urenia

A condition of excess urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood

Void

To empty the bladder

Urobilin

A brown pigment formed by the oxidation of urobilinogen; may be formed in the urine after exposure to air

Urochrome

The pigment that gives urine the normal yellow color

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