Theology 4 midterm

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original sin

the condition in which all humans are born

immaculate conception

holds that mary was free from orignial sin

mortal sin

seperates us from God

venial sin

can be either a sin of omission or comission

laity

can not forgive sins

easter

the most imporatant liturgical feast

church

"those called out"

mystery

the church is a

holy spirit

the chuch is holy because of the

image of church

as people of God stresses the role of laity

element of truth

we find this in other religons

reincarnation

catholics do not believe in

apostle

"sent one"

college of bishops

the teaching of the apostles come from

magisterium

lay people are not part of the church's

ecumenism

works for unity among all christians

resurrection

means "body and soul united to God"

jewish passover feast

eucharist has its roots in

assumption of Mary

means her body and soul went to Heaven

advent

the start of the liturgical year

november 1

all saints day

oil

at baptism ____ is a symbol of healing

southern baptist

largest protestant denominatin in the US

catechumen

has not be baptized

fortitude, justice, prudence, temperence

four caridnal virtues

st augustine

who said "you have created us for yourself, o God, and our hearts are restless unitl they rest in you"

hope

the virtue that leads to a desire for Heaven and eternal life

charity

the virtue that empowers us to love God above all things for his own sake and our neighbors as ourselves for the love of God

faith

the virtue that enables us to believe in God and all that he has revealed to US

birth of Jesus

a joyful mystery

preaching of the word

a light mystery

agony in the garden

a sorrowful mystery

assumption of mary

glorious mystery

agnostic

God's existence cannot be known

apostle

one sent

atheist

denies the existence of God

beatific vision

seeing God face to face

canon law

official body of rules

catechism

catholic docterine on faith and morals

catholic

universal

christ

anointed one

concupiscence

inclination to commit sin

divine providence

God's guidence over creation

dogma

central truth of revelation

eschatology

last things

grace

God's gift of friendship and life

immanence

God's intimate union with creation

incarnation

taking on human flesh

infallibility

preserved from error

liturgy

official public worship of the church

magisterium

official teaching of the church

paraclete

Holy Spirit

sacrament

outward sign of invisible grace

schism

major break

theophany

an appearence of God to humans

transcendence

God indepenent of creation

vice

bad habit

epiphany

mystery that celebrates Jesus' life manifested as savior of the world

virgin birth

docterine referring to the fact that Mary was a virgin when she miraculously coneived Jesus by the poer of the Holy Spirit

calming of the storm

nature miracle

parousia

refers to the second coming of christ

contrition

means sorrow

Arianism

a heresy about Jesus; held that he was God's greatest creature, but that he was not God

ruah

the image of the Holy Spirit that best symbolizes the spirits role as one who gives us life

1) fastoring during the month of Ramadan 2) giving alms to the poor 3)prayer 5 times a day

belief of the moslem religion

two natures

jesus is one person with

holy orders

sacrament that empowers certain christians to minister as bishops, priests, and deacons

fire

image of the Holy Spirit that best emphasizez the spirits gift of enabling us to be the light of the world

contition, confession, satisfaction

acts of the penitent in the scarament of penance

dove

image of the Holy Spirit that signifies the gift of peace. We receive when we are unitted to the Holy Spirit

moral object

according to the catholic teaching, the most important elemtn for judging the morality of an act

gentelness, kindness, patience

fruits of the Holy Spirit

conscience

a judgement of reason to recongize the moral quality of an act

1) the action a person does is called the moral object 2) circumstances must be good if the act is to be good 3) a bad intention can turn a good action into someting bad

truths of catholic moral teachings

once a year

chruch laws hold that we must recieve Holy Communion at least

we can think, love, and value

"being made in the divine image" means

eucharist

means thanksgiving

amen

means "it is so"

the sacrament of confirmation

helps us to be mature witnesses for Christ

lent

is the preparation for Easter

easter

christ's resurrection

ascension

Jesus returning to the father in Glory

pentecost

the coming of the Holy Spirit

transubstantiation

bread and wine turned into the body and blood

rosary

a sacramental

orignial sin

we are born with

seven

number of capital sins

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