5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- How long did steelworkers have to work?
- How did the workers respond to McCormick cutting their pay?
- Did the 71% profit gett passed on to the workers?
- Who did the Chicago Police arrest?
- Why did owners want to stop a strike?
- a 8 men were arrested without warrants and found guilty; 4 were hung.
- b Steelworkers worked 12 hour days for 6 days a week for little pay.
- c The owners wanted to keep labor cost low, so they would have more profit.
- d The workers went on strike; McCormick tried to destroy the men who went on strike and installed expensive machinery so fewer workers would be needed.
- e No, they workers were not paid a fair wage.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- No insurance for workers - if hurt you had to pay the medical expenses.
- Mr. Cyrus McCormick died. In 1884, his plant employeed 1,300 men working 10-hour days for six days a week. The McCormick Harvester Works Company had a 71% profit!
- Many workers in the textile mills were children who worked 60-80 hours a week.
- 25,000 workers died ont he job one year and many more were injured.
- The workers joined two national unions: Metalworkers Union and the Knights of Labor, demanding higher pay and better working conditions.
5 True/False Questions
What did the strikers do then to the strikebreakers (scabs)? → The strikers attacked the scabs, and the factory olice fired on the strikers, killing 3 workers and injuring more.
Was there a balnce between the workers and the unions? → NO. In the 1880's, there was no blance between the workers and the unions.
What is a strike? → the workers would decide not to go to work, but carry signs demanding better pay, etc.
What were conditions like in the factories? → The conditions in factories and in mines were very dangerous and if you got hurt, you would get fired because you missed work because you were hurt.
What did McCormick do about the union demands? → It was a company in Chicago, Illinois in the 1840's started by Cyrus McCormick that made the hay harvesting machine. It had 23 employees and Mr. McCormick alonside his employees.