PSY2012 Chapter 14 Social Psychology

59 terms by thumpaholden

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Drawn from my own notes and: Aronson, E., Wilson, T. D., & Akert, R. M. (2010). Social Psychology (7th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall

us and them

Three social roots of prejudice: 1) social inequality, 2) ___________, 3) emotional scapegoating.

role

A set of expectations about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave.

conformity

Adjusting our behavior or thinking to coincide with a real or imagined group standard.

categorizing which leads to stereotyping

Three cognitive roots of prejudice: 1) ___________, 2) remembering vivid cases, 3) believing the world is just.

informational

Social influence resulting from providing

more

More or less: odds of us helping someone when the person appears to need and deserve help.

superordinate goals

Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation.

mere exposure effect

The phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them.

group has at least three people

Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) _____________, 3) group is unanimous, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) less individualistic society.

Festinger

Last name of the person who developed the theory of cognitive dissonance.

normative

Social influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid rejection.

ingroup

"Us" - people with whom we share a common identity.

less

More or less: odds of us helping someone when we are not feeling guilty.

65

Percent of subjects who obeyed authority in Milgram's experiments

mirror image perceptions

Mutual views of each other often held by people in conflict.

attitudes

Feelings, often based on our beliefs that predispose us to respond in a particular way to objects, people and events.

more

More or less: odds of us helping someone when we have just observed someone else being helpful.

beliefs, emotions, predispositions to action

Three parts of prejudice.

frustration-aggression principle

The principle that frustration-the blocking of an attempt to achieve some goal-creates anger, which can generate aggression

more

More or less: odds of us helping someone when we are in a good mood.

less individualistic society

Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) _____________.

emotional scapegoating

Three social roots of prejudice: 1) social inequality, 2) us and them, 3) ___________.

bystander effect

The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present

social script

Culturally modeled guide for how to act in various situations.

group is watching

Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) _____________, 7) less individualistic society.

you have no prior commitment to a response

Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) you admire the group, 5) _____________, 6) group is watching, 7) less individualistic society.

one feels insecure

Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) _____________, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) less individualistic society.

group polarization

The enhancement of a group's prevailing inclinations through discussions within the group.

equity

Condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give.

prejudice

An unjustifiable and usually negative attitude toward a group and its members. It generally involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a predisposition to discriminatory action.

social loafing

The tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountable.

altruism

Unselfish regard for the welfare of others.

social facilitation

Stronger responses on simple or well-learned tasks in the presence of others.

group is unanimous

Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) _____________, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) less individualistic society.

more

More or less: odds of us helping someone when we are focused on others and not preoccupied.

physical attraction

Three psychological factors in attraction: 1) proximity, 2) ___________, 3) similarity.

Similarity

Three psychological factors in attraction: 1) proximity, 2) physical attraction, 3) ___________.

you admire the group

Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) _____________, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) less individualistic society.

remembering vivid cases

Three cognitive roots of prejudice: 1) categorizing which leads to stereotyping, 2) ___________, 3) believing the world is just.

fundamental attribution error

The tendency, when analyzing another's behavior, to overestimate the influence of personal traits and underestimate the effects of the situation.

Conflict

A perceived incompatibility of actions, goals or ideas.

social inequality

Three social roots of prejudice: 1) ___________, 2) us and them, 3) emotional scapegoating.

less

More or less: odds of us helping someone when the person is a man

cognitive dissonance

The theory that we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two of our thought s clash, such as when our attitudes and actions don't match.

stereotype

A generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people.

deindividuation

The loss of self-awareness and self-restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity

just-world phenomenon

The tendency of people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get.

foot-in-the-door phenomenon

The tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request.

believing the world is just

Three cognitive roots of prejudice: 1) categorizing which leads to stereotyping, 2) remembering vivid cases, 3) ___________.

ingroup bias

The tendency to favor our own group.

less

More or less: odds of us helping someone when we are in a hurry.

Proximity

Three psychological factors in attraction: 1) ___________, 2) physical attraction, 3) similarity.

more

More or less: odds of us helping someone when we are in a small town or rural area.

outgroup

"them" - those perceived as different or apart from our group.

Stanley Milgrim

Who designed the study that investigates the effects of authority on obedience?

more

More or less: odds of us helping someone when the person is a woman.

discrimination

Unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group and its members.

just world phenomenon

The tendency of people to believe the world is just, and people get what they deserve and deserve what they get.

less

More or less: odds of us helping someone when the person is in some way not similar to us.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set