Anatomy

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42 terms

Cheekbone

zygomatic process

lower jaw

mandible

much of the lateral and superior cranium

parietal

site of mastoid process

temporal

its condyles articulate with the atlas

occipital

foramen magnum contained here

occipital

type of vertebrae containing foramina in the transverse processes, through which the vertebral arteries ascend to reach the brain

cervical vertebra - typical

its dens provides a pivot for rotation of the first cervical vertebra

axis

transverse processes have facets for articulation with ribs; spinous process points sharply downward

thoracic vertebra

composite bone; articulates with the hip bone laterally

sacrum

massive vertebrae; weight sustaining

lumbar vertebra

tailbone, vestigal fused vertrebra

coccyx

supports the head, allows the rocking motion of the occipital condyles

atlas

seven components, unfused

cervical vertebra - typical

twelve components, unfused

thoracic vertebra

in describing abnormal curvatures, it could be said that _____ is an exaggerated thoracic curvature, and in ______ the vertebral column is displaced laterally.

kyphosis, scoliosis

invertebral discs are made of ____ tissue. the discs provide ____ to the spinal column.

fibrocartilage, springness

the organs protected by the thoracic cage include the ___ and the ____

heart and lungs

ribs 1 through 7 are called ___ ribs, whereas ribs 8 through 12 are called ____ ribs

true and false

ribs 11 and 12 are also called ___ ribs

floating

All ribs articulate posteriorly with the ____

thoracic vertabra

Most ribs connect anteriorly to the ____ either directly or indirectly

sternum

the general shape of the thoracic cage is

cone shaped

raised area on lateral surface of humerus to which deltoid muscle attaches

deltoid tuberosity

socket in the scapula for the arm bone

gelnoid cavity

commonly called the collar bone

clavicle

medial bone of the forearm in the anatomical position

ulna

forearm bone involved in formation of elbow joint

ulna

receives the weight of the body when sitting

ischium

upper margin of the illiac bones

illiac crest

deep socket in the hip bone that receives the head of the thigh bone

acetabulum

point where axial skeleton attaches to the pelvic girdle

sacroilliac joint

lateral bone of the leg

fibula

medial bone of the leg

tibia

point where the patellar ligament attaches

tibial tuberosity

kneecap

patella

distal process on medial tibial surface

medial malleolus

process forming the outer ankle

lateral malleolus

the ____ girdle is formed by articulation of the hip bones and the sacrum

pelvic

nonsurgical realignment of broken bone ends and splinting of bone

closed

a fracture in which the bone is crushed; common in the vertebral column

compression fracture

surgical realignment of broke bone ends

open reduction

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