McDougal Littell World History Chapter 2 Vocab

24 terms by theecoolkidroso

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Fertile Crescent

a fertile region in southwestern Asia that includes the region of Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

land between rivers

city-state

a city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside

dynasty

a series of rulers from the same family

cultural diffusion

the spreading, mixing, and changing of cultures

polytheism

belief in multiple Gods

empire

a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler

Hammurabi

Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)

delta

a marshy region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of a river

Narmer

a king who is thought to have unified Egypt

pharaoh

a king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader

theocracy

government by divine power or priests

pyramid

huge stone structure built by the ancient Egyptians to serve as a tomb

mummification

the preservation of the dead

hieroglyphics

a system of writing using symbols or pictures

papyrus

ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant

subcontinent

a large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent

monsoon

seasonal winds

Harappan civilization

An ancient civilization that developed along the Indus River.

loess

a fertile deposit of windblown soil

oracle bone

bone used by priests in Shang China to predict the future

Mandate of Heaven

divine right to rule

dynastic cycle

describes the pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties

feudalism

system in which poor people are legally bound to work for wealthy landowners

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