Chapter 10 Cash and Financial Investments

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The auditors should count small petty cash funds at year-end to make sure that balance is not understated on the financial statements.

False

Control over the receipt of cash sales is best achieved when two or more employees participate in each transaction.

True

Mailroom personnel of a company should prepare a control listing of incoming cash receipts and deposit them intact daily.

False

Signed checks should be returned to the cash disbursements clerk for mailing.

False

Lapping of accounts receivable by an employee is not possible when there is adequate segregation of duties with respect to cash disbursements.

False

Confirmations for cash balances should be mailed only to the financial institutions with which the client has a cash balance at year-end.

False

A proof of cash is an audit procedure that is performed on almost every engagement.

False

A compensating balance agreement always requires that cash be reclassified as a noncurrent asset.

False

Verification of cash and other liquid assets on the same date may prevent substitution of one form of asset for another.

True

For investments in securities accounted for by the equity method, the auditors are primarily concerned with verifying the fair value of the investments.

False

An auditor's analytical procedures have revealed that the accounts receivable of a client have doubled since the end of the prior year. However, the allowance for doubtful accounts, as a percentage of accounts receivable remained about the same. Which of the following client explanations most likely would satisfy the auditor?
A) Credit standards were liberalized in the current year.
B) Twice as many accounts receivable were written off in the prior year as compared to this year.
C) A greater percentage of accounts were currently listed in the "more than 90 days overdue" category than in the prior year.
D) The client opened a second retail outlet in the current year and its credit sales approximately equaled the older, established outlet.

D) The client opened a second retail outlet in the current year and its credit sales approximately equaled the older, established outlet.

By preparing a four-column bank reconciliation ("proof of cash") at year-end, an auditor will generally be able to detect:

An unrecorded deposit made at the bank at the end of the month.

Kiting would least likely be detected by:

Comparing customer remittance advices with recorded disbursements in the cash disbursements journal.

Your client left the cash receipts journal open after year-end for an extra day and included January 1 cash receipts in the 12/31/XX totals. All of those cash receipts were due to cash sales. Assuming the client uses a periodic inventory system with a 12/31/XX count of the physical inventory, which of the following is most likely to be true relating to the year XX financial statements?
A) Sales are understated.
B) Accounts receivable are understated.
C) Inventory is overstated.
D) Net income is overstated.

D) Net income is overstated.

An internal control questionnaire indicates that an approved receiving report is required to accompany every check request for payment of merchandise. Which of the following procedures provides the best evidence on operating effectiveness?
A) Select and examine receiving reports and test whether the related canceled checks are dated no earlier than the receiving reports.
B) Select and examine receiving reports and test whether the related canceled checks are dated no later than the receiving reports.
C) Select and examine canceled checks and test whether the related receiving reports are dated no earlier than the checks.
D) Select and examine canceled checks and test whether the related receiving reports are dated no later than the checks.

D) Select and examine canceled checks and test whether the related receiving reports are dated no later than the checks.

By preparing a four-column bank reconciliation ("proof of cash") at year-end, an auditor will generally not be able to detect:

A second payment of an account payable which had already been paid in full two months earlier.

Which procedure is an auditor most likely to use to detect a check outstanding at year-end that was not recorded as outstanding on the year-end bank reconciliation?

Receive a cutoff statement directly from the client's bank.

An auditor may obtain information on the December 31 month-end balance per bank in which of the following?

Standard Confirmation Form January 1-10 Cutoff Statement
A) Yes Yes
B) Yes No
C) No Yes
D) No No

A) Yes Yes

An auditor may obtain information on the December 31 month-end balance per bank in which of the following?

December 31 Bank Statement Schedule of Bank (Cash) Transfers
A) Yes Yes
B) Yes No
C) No Yes
D) No No

B) Yes No

Which of the following is correct concerning "window dressing" for cash?
A) A segregation of duties within the cash function effectively eliminates its occurrence.
B) It generally involves manipulation of inventory.
C) It is illegal, and an audit is designed to provide reasonable assurance of its detection.
D) Many forms of it require no action by the auditors.

D) Many forms of it require no action by the auditors.

Which of the following statements is not correct?
A) Cash is important to the audit process because of its vulnerability to misappropriation, despite the fact that the balance at the balance sheet date may be immaterial.
B) Payroll cash account balances kept on an imprest basis are more easily controlled than others not so kept.
C) Confirmation of cash should only be performed as of the balance statement date because the auditor expresses an opinion as of that date.
D) Reviewing interbank transfers is important to the auditor because of the possibility that the client may be engaged in kiting.

C) Confirmation of cash should only be performed as of the balance statement date because the auditor expresses an opinion as of that date.

The auditors use a bank cutoff statement to compare:

Checks dated prior to year-end to the outstanding checks listed on the year-end bank reconciliation.

A practical and effective audit procedure for the detection of lapping is:

Comparing recorded cash receipts in detail against items making up the bank deposit as shown on duplicate deposit slips validated by the bank.

Which of the following is not a control that generally is established over cash transactions?
A) Separating cash handling from recordkeeping.
B) Centralizing the receipt of cash.
C) Depositing each day's receipts intact.
D) Obtaining a receipt for every disbursement.

D) Obtaining a receipt for every disbursement.

Which of the following controls would be most likely to reduce the risk of diversion of customer receipts by a company's employees?
A) A bank lockbox system.
B) Approval of all disbursements by an individual independent of cash receipts.
C) Monthly bank cutoff statements.
D) Prenumbered remittance advices.

A) A bank lockbox system.

Which of the following is not a control that generally is established over cash receipts?
A) To prevent abstraction of cash, a control listing of cash receipts should be prepared by mailroom personnel.
B) To insure accurate posting, the accounts receivable clerk should post the customers' receipts from customers' checks.
C) To insure accuracy of the accounts receivable records, the records should be reconciled monthly to the accounts receivable controlling account.
D) To prevent theft of cash, receipts should be deposited daily.

B) To insure accurate posting, the accounts receivable clerk should post the customers' receipts from customers' checks.

By preparing a four-column bank reconciliation ("proof of cash") for the last month of the year, an auditor will generally be able to detect:

An unrecorded check written at the beginning of the month which was cashed during the period covered by the reconciliation.

In October, three months before year-end, the bookkeeper erroneously recorded the receipt of a one year bank loan with a debit to cash and a credit to miscellaneous revenue. The most effective method for detecting this type of error is:

Send a bank confirmation as of year-end.

Jones embezzled $10,000 from his company's account in Bank A. At year-end he hid the shortage by making a deposit on December 31 in Bank A, drawn on Bank B. He has not recorded the transaction on the books. This is an example of:

Kiting.

Jones embezzled $10,000 from his company's account in Bank A. At year-end he hid the shortage by making a deposit on December 31 in Bank A, drawn on Bank B. He has not recorded the transaction on the books. Which of the following is most likely to be effective in detecting this fraud?

Comparison of bank cutoff statement to the cash receipts and disbursements records.

Which of the following is not a universal rule for achieving internal control over cash?
A) Separate recordkeeping from accounting for cash to the extent possible.
B) Deposit each day's cash receipts intact.
C) Separate cash handling from recordkeeping.
D) Have monthly bank reconciliations prepared by employees not responsible for the issuance of checks.

A) Separate recordkeeping from accounting for cash to the extent possible.

Which of the following is not a control over cash disbursements?
A) Disbursements should be made by check.
B) A check protecting machine should be used.
C) Documents supporting the payment of a disbursement should be canceled by the person preparing the check to prevent reuse.
D) Voided checks should be defaced and filed with paid checks.

C) Documents supporting the payment of a disbursement should be canceled by the person preparing the check to prevent reuse.

Which of the following is the best audit procedure for the detection of lapping?
A) Comparison of postings of cash receipts to accounts with the details of cash deposits.
B) Confirmation of the cash balance.
C) Reconciliation of the cash account balances.
D) Preparing a proof of cash.

A) Comparison of postings of cash receipts to accounts with the details of cash deposits.

Which of the following manipulations of cash transactions would overstate the cash balance on the financial statements?
A) Understatement of outstanding checks.
B) Overstatement of outstanding checks.
C) Understatement of deposits in transit.
D) Overstatement of bank services charges.

A) Understatement of outstanding checks.

Which of the following is not confirmed on the standard form used for cash balances at financial institutions?
A) Cash checking account balances.
B) Cash savings account balances.
C) Loans payable.
D) Securities held for the client by the financial institution.

D) Securities held for the client by the financial institution.

Internal control over marketable securities is enhanced when:

Securities are held under joint control of two or more officials.

In a manufacturing company which one of the following audit procedures would give the least assurance of the existence of the assets in the general ledger balance of investment in stocks and bonds at the audit date?
A) Confirmation from the broker.
B) Inspection of year-end brokers' statements.
C) Vouching all changes during the year to brokers' advises and statements.
D) Examination of paid checks issued in payment of securities purchased.

D) Examination of paid checks issued in payment of securities purchased.

The Standard Form to Confirm Account Balances with Financial Institutions includes information on all of the following except:
A) Date due of a direct liability.
B) The principal amount paid on a direct liability.
C) Description of collateral for a direct liability.
D) The interest rate of a direct liability.

B) The principal amount paid on a direct liability.

The auditors should insist that a representative of the client be present during the physical examination of securities in order to:

Acknowledge the receipt of securities returned.

The auditors' count of the client's cash should be coordinated to coincide with the:

Count of investment securities.

The auditors compare information on canceled checks with information contained in the cash disbursement journal. The objective of this test is to determine that:

No discrepancies exist between the data on the checks and the data in the journal

Jones was engaged to audit the financial statements of Gamma Corporation for the year ended June 30, 200X. Having completed an examination of the investment securities, which of the following is the best method of verifying the accuracy of recorded dividend income?
A) Tracing recorded dividend income to cash receipts records and validated deposit slips.
B) Utilizing analytical techniques and statistical sampling.
C) Comparing recorded dividends with amounts appearing on federal information form 1099s.
D) Comparing recorded dividends with a standard financial reporting service's record of dividends.

Comparing recorded dividends with a standard financial reporting service's record of dividends.

Which of the following is one of the better auditing techniques that might be used by an auditor to detect kiting?
A) Review composition of authenticated deposit slips.
B) Review subsequent bank statements and canceled checks received directly from the banks.
C) Prepare a schedule of bank transfers.
D) Prepare year-end bank reconciliations

C) Prepare a schedule of bank transfers.

Which one of the following would the auditor consider to be an incompatible operation if the cashier receives remittances from the mailroom?
A) The cashier prepares the daily deposit.
B) The cashier makes the daily deposit at a local bank.
C) The cashier posts the receipts to the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger.
D) The cashier endorses the checks.

C) The cashier posts the receipts to the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger.

As one of the year-end audit procedures, the auditor instructed the client's personnel to prepare a confirmation request for a bank account that had been closed during the year. After the client's treasurer has signed the request, it was mailed by the assistant treasurer. What is the major flaw in this audit procedure?

The request was mailed by the assistant treasurer.

On receiving the bank cutoff statement, the auditor should trace:

Checks dated prior to year end to the outstanding checks listed on the year-end bank reconciliation.

To gather evidence regarding the balance per bank in a bank reconciliation, an auditor could examine all of the following except:

General ledger.

Contact with banks for the purpose of opening company bank accounts should normally be the responsibility of the corporate:

Treasurer.

For purposes of an audit of financial statements, electronic confirmation of cash balances:

Is acceptable when properly controlled.

Properly designed internal control will permit the same employee to:

Sign checks, and also cancel supporting documents.

Which of the following procedures in the cash disbursements cycle should not be performed by the accounts payable department?
A) Comparing the vendor's invoice with the receiving report.
B) Canceling supporting documentation after payment.
C) Verifying the mathematical accuracy of the vendor's invoice.
D) Preparing the check for signature by an authorized person.

B) Canceling supporting documentation after payment.

The Parmalat fraud case involved:

A fraudulent cash confirmation.

Banks may process electronic "substitute checks" in place of customer written hard copy checks due to the:

Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act

When a client engages in transactions involving derivatives, the auditor should:

Develop an understanding of the economic substance of each derivative.

A company's decision to use the fair value option for valuation of marketable securities is most likely to affects which of the following assertions the most?
A) Completeness.
B) Existence.
C) Fairness.
D) Presentation and Disclosure

D) Presentation and Disclosure

An auditor compares annual revenues and expenses with similar amounts from the prior year and investigates all changes exceeding 10%. This procedure most likely could indicate that:

Unrealized gains from increases in the value of available-for-sale securities were recorded in the income account for trading securities.

Which of the following is correct relating to kiting?
A) It is ordinarily used to understate cash.
B) It is more difficult to accomplish in an electronic environment as contrasted to a
non-electronic environment.
C) It is a lapping approach performed using receivable accounts.
D) It is seldom, if ever, used.

B) It is more difficult to accomplish in an electronic environment as contrasted to a non-electronic environment.

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