← Study Guide for 2nd Quarter Vocab List Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All apartheid The official policy of racial segregation practiced in South Africa from 1950 to 1991. cash crop A crop that people grow to sell. desertification The change of fertile land into desert. diversity Having many ways to think or to do something, or a variety of people. drought A long period of little or no rainfall. ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States. Grand National Assembly Turkey's legislature. haj The fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah. Hausa People of northern Nigeria or Southern Niger. Hutu The majority members of a Bantu people living in Rwanda and Burundi. mandate A document giving an official instruction or command. mediate Act between parties with a view to reconciling differences. missionary Someone sent on a mission--especially a religious or charitable mission to a foreign country. NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization, North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country. Nonrenewable Resource A resource that cannot be reused or replaced. OAU Organization of African Unity, promoted cooperation among members, supported independence and sough peaceful settlements of disputes. OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; international cartel that inflates price of oil by limiting supply; Venezuela, Saudi Arabia and UAE are prominent members. paleontologist A scientist who studies fossils. plateau A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level. primary product A raw material used to manufacture other products. racism Belief that one racial group is superior to another. renewable resource Any natural resource that can be replenished naturally over time. rite of passage A special ceremony that marks the transition from one stage of life to another. subsistence farming farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer. trade off Alternatives that must be given up when one is chosen over another. Tutsi Minority tribe in Rwanda. Zionism A policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine.