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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. The ________ theory developed by Robert Merton is based on the idea that most people want to attain cultural goals, but not everyone has the legitimate means of achieving them.
    A) control
    B) illegitimate opportunity
    C) strain
    D) labeling
  2. Bob works at an automobile factory that organizes its workers into small groups that meet regularly to discuss ways to increase production and efficiency. Individual workers are often
    singled out and recognized for their contributions to the organization. These are examples of attempts to ________.
    A) increase the number of employees
    B) increase profits by downsizing
    C) humanize the work setting to develop employee potential
    D) alienate the "deadbeats" in the corporation
  3. Sociologist Judith Kleinfeld felt Milgram "stacked the deck" in his "small world phenomenon"
    experiment because ________.
    A) he violated the ethical standards of research
    B) he only used men as the target population
    C) many of his targets and starters shared a common interest
    D) most of his sample lived in the same geographic area
  4. According to Kanter, organizations sometimes showcase women and minorities by placing them in highly visible positions to demonstrate how progressive they are. Regardless of the type of organization they are in, what do these highly visible positions usually have in common?
    A) They are highly paid jobs directed toward "fast-track" promotions.
    B) They are jobs with little power and minimal authority.
    C) They are supervisory jobs with considerable power and autonomy.
    D) They are highly competitive positions sought after by most members of the organization.
  5. The crime with the highest increase among women between 1992 and 2005 was ________.
    A) car theft
    B) drug offenses
    C) murder
    D) bank robbery
  1. a car theft
  2. b many of his targets and starters shared a common interest
  3. c strain
  4. d they are jobs with little power and minimal authority
  5. e humanize the work setting to develop employee potential

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. correlation; temporal priority; lack of spurious correlation
  2. the iron law of oligarchy
  3. illegitimate opportunity structure
  4. interviewer bias
  5. a large inner-city neighborhood

5 True/False Questions

  1. Michael is going to survey members of the gay and lesbian student union and gather data on their personal lives, interests, and demographics to develop a profile of their membership. To be most successful and receive the most valid responses, what should Michael do?
    A) Michael should begin the questionnaire by asking neutral questions.
    B) Michael should refrain from asking for data on sexual behavior.
    C) Michael should distribute the survey only to volunteers.
    D) Michael should include a statement in his survey that he is gay.
    Michael should begin the questionnaire by asking neutral questions


  2. A leader of a group whose responsibility would be to keep the group moving towards its goal is classified as a(n) ________ leader.
    A) expressive
    B) democratic
    C) instrumental
    D) authoritarian
    the graduating class of a large university


  3. The concept of the "iron law" of oligarchy was developed by sociologist ________.
    A) Robert Michels
    B) Ryan Graham
    C) Michael Burawoy
    D) Irving Janis
    Robert Michels


  4. In any group of three members, two of the three may have a tendency to alienate the third member and dominate the decision making for the group the trio represents. When this occurs, what term
    best applies to the two unified members?
    A) a coalition
    B) an oligarchy
    C) an aggregate
    D) an aristocracy
    a coalition


  5. If a researcher is reading diaries to collect information about the attitudes of rape victims, he or she is using ________ to collect the data.
    A) ethnography
    B) dramaturgical analysis
    C) unstructured interviews
    D) documents
    self-administered questionnaires


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