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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. When a researcher focuses on a single event, situation, or individual, the resulting research is known as ________.
    A) an experiment
    B) secondary analysis
    C) fieldwork
    D) a case study
  2. In experimental research, the variable that is the cause of change (the independent variable) must precede that which is changed (the dependent variable). This condition is called ________.
    A) random selection
    B) rapport
    C) reliability
    D) temporal priority
  3. All of the following theories follow the principles of symbolic interactionism EXCEPT for which one?
    A) strain theory
    B) control theory
    C) differential association theory
    D) labeling theory
  4. In any group of three members, two of the three may have a tendency to alienate the third member and dominate the decision making for the group the trio represents. When this occurs, what term
    best applies to the two unified members?
    A) a coalition
    B) an oligarchy
    C) an aggregate
    D) an aristocracy
  5. The domination of organizations by a small, self-perpetuating elite is called ________.
    A) the Protestant ethic
    B) the iron law of oligarchy
    C) the spirit of capitalism
    D) the Thomas theorem
  1. a a case study
  2. b the iron law of oligarchy
  3. c temporal priority
  4. d strain theory
  5. e a coalition

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. rapport
  2. he should tell the students he interviews their identities will be kept secret
  3. strain
  4. interviewer bias
  5. a small work team in the design department has decided to fire one of the members of its department

5 True/False Questions

  1. In an effort to resist the label of "deviant," most people will develop rationales to justify their
    deviant acts. Sykes and Matza refer to these rationales as ________.
    A) techniques of neutralization
    B) ideologies
    C) strategies of justification
    D) labeling
    techniques of neutralization


  2. It is becoming more common for corporations to provide daycare facilities as a fringe benefit for their employees. What has evaluative research found regarding the costs and benefits of these facilities?
    A) Daycare facilities are ineffective because they are used by only a few employees.
    B) The results of the research are inconclusive.
    C) Operating on-site daycare reduces employee absenteeism, improves production, and increases staff morale.
    D) Because of the large number of employees using them, daycare facilities are too expensive to operate.


  3. John desires the best things in life: a fast car, designer clothes, and membership in exclusive clubs. But rather than work his way through the system, he has discovered he can have all these things by selling crack cocaine in the inner city. How would Merton classify John?
    A) a conformist
    B) an innovator
    C) a rebel
    D) a ritualist


  4. As voluntary organizations, what do the College Young Democrats, Kiwanis Club, Uptown Stamp
    Collectors' Club, and National Rifle Association all have in common?
    A) They all offer people an identity.
    B) They all bring people into the political mainstream.
    C) They are all primary groups.
    D) They all generate social change.
    they are jobs with little power and minimal authority


  5. Which type of sociologists would consider deviance to be a natural part of society?
    A) functionalists
    B) conflict theorists
    C) symbolic interactionists
    D) neo-conflict theorists


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