Milady's Standard Esthetics Chapter 8

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Obesity is determined by a BMI of ______ or greater

30

Saturated fats come from

Animal sources

55-60% of all calories should be obtained from

carbohydrates

Enzymes

are biological catalysts made of protiens and vitamins

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

Macronutrients

the basic building blocks neccessary for bodily functions, including the skin

Macronutrients are the three basic food groups

Protiens, Carbohydrates, and fats

Protiens

are chains of amino acid molecules that are used by every cell to make other usable protiens

Deoxyribonucle acid

DNA contains all the info that controls the function of every cell

nonessential amino acids

amino acids that can be synthesized by the body and do not have to be obtained from the diet

Complementary Foods

combinations of two incomplete protiens that provide all the essential amino acids and make a complete protien

Carbohydrates

break down the basic chemicals sugars that suppky energy for the body

Adenosine Triphosphate

ATP the substance that provides energy to cells and converts oxygen to carbon dioxide, a waste product we breathe out

Mucoplysacchrides

Carbohydrate- lipid complezes that are also good water binders

Glycosaminoglycans

water- binding substance between the fibers of the dermis

Three basic stuctural carbohydrate division

Monosaccharides, disaccharides, po;ysaccharides

Monosaccharides

the most basic unit of a carbohydrate (Glucose)

Disaccharides

Made up of two molecular sugar units (lactose and sucrose)

Polysaccharides

chain of sugar molecules (fiber)

The three basic types of carbohydrates

simple sugars starches and fiber

HIgh fiber foods

grains, brans, apples, carrots and corn

Starches include

cereals, breads ( flour products), potatoes beans

simple sugars include

sweets, syrups, honey, fruits and many vegetables

hypoglycemia

when blood sugar drops too low without carbohydrates

fats or lipids

macronutrients used to produce energy, material in the sebaceous glands that lubriacte the skin

Fat soluble vitamins

A, D, E, and K

Fatty acids make up

triglycerides the main fat in foods

three types of fatty acids

Saturated, Monounsaturated, Polyunsaturated

Saturated fats

more rigid molecules, can cause hardening of the arteries

Monounsaturated fats

fats from olive oil and canola oil

Polyunsaturated fats

liquid at room temperature found in fish oil.corn oil

Linoleic acid

used to make important horomones and the lipid barrier for the skin

omega3 fatty acids

Good fat

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