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Set 2 of anatomy final

activating eccrine sweat glands.

The skin dissipates excess body heat by

degree and source of the burn.

In treating a burn patient, the "rule of nines" is used to estimate the

none of the above

As a person ages, the skin typically becomes

sebaceous glands

Acne is a disorder of the

true

The skin is one of the larger organs of the body.

false

In healthy skin, the production of epidermal cells is closely balanced with the loss of skin cells.

true

Melanocytes can transfer granules of melanin into nearby epithelial cells.

false

The outermost layer of the epidermis is the stratum basale and the innermost layer is the stratum corneum

true

Melanocytes synthesize melanin, which protects underlying cells from the effects of ultraviolet light.

false

Sunlight, ultraviolet light, and X rays all darken skin because they increase blood flow to the dermis

true

Epidermal cells that move up through the strata become very keratinized as they die due to a lack of blood supply.

false

The amount of keratin protein produced during keratinization determines hair color.

false

Sebaceous glands secrete sebum, which kills bacteria on the skin.

false

The arrector pili muscle is composed of striated muscle tissue.

Short bones

The bones of the wrists and ankles are classified as

Irregular bones-bones of the backbone

Which of the following four groups of bones, based on shape and with an example of each, is correct

tightly packed tissue that is solid, strong, and resistant to bending; cancellous bone that reduces the weight of bone

Compact bone has ________, whereas spongy bone has __________.

epiphysis

The white material that reduces friction at the ends of bones is called

Hyaline

Articular cartilage is

Osteoblasts deposit osseous tissue in place of disintegrating cartilage

Which of the following is not a step in endochondral bone formation?

Broad, flat bones of skull

Which of the following is(are) an example of an intramembranous bone?

Osteoblasts deposit bone matrix around themselves and become osteocytes when they are isolated in lacunae.

Which is true?

thickens and strenghtens

Exercise ______ and _______ bones.

skull, hyoid bone, thoracic cage, and vertebral column.

The axial skeleton includes the

Axial Skeleton

The sternum is part of the

maxillary and palatine bones

The hard palate is composed of the

Vomer bone

Which of the following bones is not part of the orbit of the skull?

the ilium, the ischium, and pubis.

The hip bones include

hold the shoulders in place and provide attachments for muscles of the back, chest, and upper limbs.

The clavicles

at the distal end of the humerus.

The capitulum and trochlea are located

All of the above

The components of the pelvic girdle are called

The distance between the female ischial spines is greater.

Which of the following describes the female pelvis compared to that of the male?

all of the above

The femur

true

The number of bones in most pef

false

The parietal bones meet the frontal bone along the sagittal suture

True

Fontanels in the infant's skull permit some bone movement, enabling the infant to pass more easily through the birth canal.

false

The first cervical vertebra is the axis and the second is the atlas.

false

The sternum develops in three parts: the lower manubrium, middle body, and upper xiphoid.

true

The deltoid tuberosity is part of the humerus.

True

The styloid process is part of the ulna.

false

The ischium is the anterior part of the hip bone.

false

The femur extends from the knee to the foot.

All articulations contain some type of cartilage

Which is not correct regarding articulations?

fibrous joint

The sagittal suture is a

Bursae

Fluid-filled sacs that cushion synovial joints are called

false

Fibrous joints are joints at which two bones are united by hyaline cartilage.

elastic

These are the major categories of joints, except

an interosseous membrane.

These are all anatomical components of a synovial joint, except

Condylar

The metacarpophalangeal joints at the base of the fingers are ________________ joints.

Flex

When you walk up the stairs your hip and knee joints _____________ to lift your body weight.

abduction

Raising an arm to one side of the body to stop a taxi is an example of ______________ of the shoulder.

endomysium

The outermost layer of connective tissue surrounding a skeletal muscle is the

sarcomere organization.

The striated appearance of skeletal muscle results from the

transmit nerve impulses out of the muscle

Transverse tubules

cordlike and connects muscles to bones; a broad, fibrous sheet of connective tissue that connects muscles to muscles

A tendon is ______, whereas an aponeurosis is ______.

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