5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a reversal of grammatical structures in successive clauses -Ex) He led bravely, and we bravely followed
- b when a speaker or writer breaks off and directs speech to an absent person, inanimate object, or abstract quality or idea- Ex) "For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar's angel. Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him."
- c repetition of words in succsessive clauses, in reverse order (a chiasmus in which the exact words, not just the syntax, are flipped)- Ex) Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.
- d describing something nonhuman in metaphorical human terms -
- e understatement (opposite of hyperbole)- Ex) I can see why you would forget; I mean, it's only cancer.
5 Multiple choice questions
- repetition of conjunctions - Ex) We lived and laughed and loved and left.
- the arrangement of words in order of increasing importance-Ex) Lost, vaded, broken, dead within an hour.
- replacing and idea with an associated idea - Ex) The pen is mightier than the sword.
- omission of conjunctions between related clauses Ex) We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.
- use of exaggerated terms for emphasis- Ex) Im so hungry; I'd give my first-born child for a slice of pizza.
5 True/False questions
Anadiplosis → repetition of a word at the end of a clause at the beginning of another- Ex) Fear leads to anger. Anger leads to hate. Hate leads to suffering.
oxymoron → use of parallel structures of the same length in successive clauses- Ex) I speek Spanish to God, Italian to women, French to men, and German to my horse.
litotes → understatement (opposite of hyperbole)- Ex) I can see why you would forget; I mean, it's only cancer.
apposition → the placing of two elements side by side, in which the second defines the first- Ex) This is a valley of ashes- a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat.
Allusion → the placing of two elements side by side, in which the second defines the first- Ex) This is a valley of ashes- a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat.