5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- a the use of apparently condtradictory ideas to point out some underlying truth- Ex) What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young.
- b repetition of conjunctions - Ex) We lived and laughed and loved and left.
- c the repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginning of successive clauses- Ex) Mad world! Mand kings! Mad composition!
- d the placing of two elements side by side, in which the second defines the first- Ex) This is a valley of ashes- a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat.
- e replacing and idea with an associated idea - Ex) The pen is mightier than the sword.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- replacing a part with a whole, or a whole with a part - Ex) The U.S. won three gold medals
- the juxtaposition of opposing or contrasting ideas- Ex) Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more.
- the arrangement of words in order of decreasing importance- Ex) Die and endow a college or a cat.
- understatement (opposite of hyperbole)- Ex) I can see why you would forget; I mean, it's only cancer.
- omission of conjunctions between related clauses Ex) We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.
5 True/False Questions
antimetabole → repetition of words in succsessive clauses, in reverse order (a chiasmus in which the exact words, not just the syntax, are flipped)- Ex) Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.
chiasmus → reversal of grammatical structures in successive clauses -Ex) He led bravely, and we bravely followed
Allusion → an indirect reference to another work of literature or art - Ex) "If you love a lot, you'll lie a lot / Guess they did in Camelot"
isocolon → the juxtaposition of two contradictory ideas - Ex) I must be cruel to be kind
climax → the arrangement of words in order of increasing importance-Ex) Lost, vaded, broken, dead within an hour.