5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- rhetorical question
- a the placing of two elements side by side, in which the second defines the first- Ex) This is a valley of ashes- a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat.
- b asking a question not for the sake of getting an answer but for asserting something -
- c the substitution of one part of speech for another, often turning a noun into a verb- Ex) I'll unhair thy head.
- d use of parallel structures of the same length in successive clauses- Ex) I speek Spanish to God, Italian to women, French to men, and German to my horse.
- e repetition of words in succsessive clauses, in reverse order (a chiasmus in which the exact words, not just the syntax, are flipped)- Ex) Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.
5 Multiple choice questions
- reversal of grammatical structures in successive clauses -Ex) He led bravely, and we bravely followed
- when a speaker or writer breaks off and directs speech to an absent person, inanimate object, or abstract quality or idea- Ex) "For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar's angel. Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him."
- the use of apparently condtradictory ideas to point out some underlying truth- Ex) What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young.
- repetition of syntactic structure in two or more clauses - Ex) Before she left, she put the dishes in the dishwasher, wiped the counter, and took several bags of trash out to the dumpster. ( parallel verb phrases)
- a form of understatement (meiosis) that emphasizes the magnitude of a statement by denying its opposite- Ex) War is no picnic
5 True/False questions
zeugma → when two or more parts of a sentence are syntactically governed by a single common verb or noun, which may change meaning with respect to the other words it modifies - Ex) He carried a strobe light and the responsibility for the lives of his men.
epistrophe → when a speaker or writer breaks off and directs speech to an absent person, inanimate object, or abstract quality or idea- Ex) "For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar's angel. Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him."
meiosis → replacing and idea with an associated idea - Ex) The pen is mightier than the sword.
hyperbole → replacing a part with a whole, or a whole with a part - Ex) The U.S. won three gold medals
asyndeton → omission of conjunctions between related clauses Ex) We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.