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Test # 3

Who among the following is NOT considered a relational Gestalt therapist?

Fritz Perls

Gestalt therapy is a form of:

Existential therapy.

Field theory suggests that:

Everything in human experience is relational and in constant flux.

A healthy contact experience involves:

Interacting with others while maintaining a sense of self; creativity; maintaining balance between the figure and the ground.

According to the Gestalt view, blocked energy is:

Both (A defensive behavior and a form of resistance to contact).

Which of the following is NOT considered one of the six methodological components of Gestalt therapy?

Assessment

A critical difference between early Gestalt therapy and relational Gestalt therapy is:

The approach to confrontation.

The Gestalt therapist:

Pays attention to the client's nonverbal language.

In Gestalt theory, the experiment is considered:

A theoretical proposition crafted to fit the client's unique needs.

When a person experiences an internal conflict (namely a conflict between top dog and underdog), which of the following techniques would be most appropriate?

The internal dialogue exercise.

Gestalt-therapy techniques are designed to help the client:

Both (expand awareness of the here-and-now and intensify feelings and experiences).

A Gestalt technique that is most useful when a person attempts to deny an aspect of his or her personality (such as tenderness) is:

The reversal exercise.

The Gestalt approach to dreams:

Both (asks the client to become all parts of his or her own dream and has the client actively interpret the meaning of the dream for himself or herself).

The paradoxical theory of behavior change suggests:

We change through becoming aware of who we currently are.

The basic goal of Gestalt therapy is:

Attaining awareness, and with it greater choice.

From a multicultural perspective, a limitation of Gestalt therapy is that:

Both (It tends to produce high levels of intense feelings and it is highly focused on direct expression of feelings).

A contribution of this therapeutic approach is that:

It enables intense experiencing to occur quickly; it can be a relatively brief therapy; it stresses doing and experiencing, as opposed to talking about problems.

According to Gestalt theory, people use avoidance in order to:

Keep themselves from facing unfinished business; keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions; keep from having to change.

Empirical support for Gestalt therapy is:

Becoming stronger.

According to gestalt theory, all of the following are true about contact expect:

Withdrawal after a good contact experience indicates neurosis.

In Gestalt therapy, the relationship between client and counselor is seen as:

A joint venture; an existential encounter; an I/Thou interaction.

Which of the following is NOT true about Gestalt techniques?

Experiments are always carried out during the therapy session, rather than outside it.

Which of the following is NOT true about Fritz Perls?

During his childhood, he was a model student.

Gestalt therapists say that clients resist contact by means of:

Retroflection; projection; introjection.

Which of the following aspects of a client's use of language would a Gestalt therapist NOT focus on?

Semantics.

Which of the following is NOT true about the Gestalt view of the role of confrontation in therapy?

It is not possible to be both confrontive and gentle with clients.

Which of the following Gestalt techniques involves asking one person in a group to speak to each of the other group members?

Making the rounds.

The empty chair technique:

Assists clients in re-owning parts of their personality; balances internal polarities; allows clients to externalize an introject; helps to resolve unfinished business.

Which of the following is NOT one of Miriam Polster's three stages in her integration sequence?

Reunification.

A teenage girl is angry with her parents and cuts on her arm. In Gestalt terms, she is most likely engaging in:

Retroflection.

Because of his need to be liked, Jose makes careful efforts to get along with everyone and minimize interpersonal conflicts. Which boundary disturbance is Jose exhibiting?

Confluence.

Which of the following is NOT one of the Gestalt group leader's roles?

Evoking group catharsis.

Without proper training, Gestalt therapists may:

Evoke catharsis without having he ability to work it through with their client; design faulty experiments; may use ready made techniques inappropriately; may damage the therapeutic relationship with the client.

Contemporary Gestalt therapists view client resistance as:

An element of therapy that needs to be respected.

Gestalt group work is:

Action-oriented; focused on the here and now; creative.

In the Gestalt view, unfinished business is best explored in the present.

True

A Gestalt therapist pays attention to ways the client uses language.

True

Both contact and withdrawal are necessary and important to healthy functioning.

True

The Gestalt approach to dream work consists of the therapist interpreting the meaning of the symbols in the dream.

False

Gestalt therapy relies mainly on psychoanalytic techniques.

False

Gestalt therapy is designed for individual counseling, and it typically does not work well in groups.

False

One of the contributions of gestalt therapy is the vast empirical research that has been done to validate the specific techniques used.

False

Gestaltists typically ask why questions in the attempt to get clients to think about the source of their problems.

False

Part of the success in using Gestalt techniques is contingent upon preparing clients for these techniques.

True

Most of the Gestalt techniques are designed to intensify one's experiencing.

True

Gestalt therapists focus more on why clients are doing than what they are doing.

False

Since Gestalt therapy focuses on the here-and-now, the past is not explored or given emphasis in this approach.

False

In Gestalt terms, awareness refers to our connectedness to out external an internal worlds.

True

Preparing clients for Gestalt exercises destroys both their spontaneity and effectiveness.

False

Although Perls used a highly confrontational approach in dealing with client avoidance and resistance, the confrontational model is not representative of contemporary Gestalt therapy.

True

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