literacy terms

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38 terms

plot

sequence of events in a short story, novel, or play, which involves conflict and details

exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution

sequence of plot

conflict

a struggle between two opposing forces; basis for plot

characterization

methods the author uses to make the character come to alive

man against man, man against nature, and man against society

external conflicts

man against himself

internal conflict

description of character by narrator; may include physical description, character's speech and action/behavior, character's thoughts and feelings, and what others say about the character

methods used in characterization

theme

thread of meaning running through a story; usually a general truth about mankind

setting

when and where a story takes place

foreshadowing

the technique of giving hints or clues that suggest or prepare for events that occur later in a story

suspense

the state of anxious anticipation, expectation, or uncertainty regarding the resolution of a conflict

climax

highest point of action in the story

style

author's way of expressing himself by use of word choice, sentence structure, etc

tone

feeling conveyed by the way the author writes about his subject

mood

atmosphere or feeling that the author attempts to create in the story

point of view

author's choice of narrator for his story

first person

narrator uses I and me when telling the story/ subjective

third person objective

unbiased outsider tells the story

third person limited

narrator tells what one character thinks/feels

third person omniscient

all knowing narrator

irony

the congruity or difference between reality and appearance

situational irony

the difference between what is intended or expected and what actually happens

verbal irony

a figure of speech in which there is a difference between what is literally said and what is meant; sarcasm

dramatic irony

the difference between what a character knows and what the reader or audience knows

protagonist

the main character

antagonist

opponent of the main character

archetype

an ideal example of a type; quintessence; an original model or type after which other similar things are patterned; a prototype

denouement

the outcome of the story

framed story

story within a story

symbol

a person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well

pen name

a pseudonym used by a writer

folk tale

story coming from the folk

myth

story made up to explain a phenomenon

legend

a story with a grain of truth

satire

ridiculing the vices or follies of mankind with a hope of correction

simile

comparison using like or as

metaphor

comparison saying one thing is another; can can be direct or implied

short story

a prose fictional writing usually between 500-20,000 words which can be read in one sitting

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