1787 American leaders met in Philadelphia to make this document which was a framework for a strong, flexible government. It created a federal republic with power divided between federal, or natural government and the states.
Leader in the Continental Congress and second President
The Old Regime or Old Order
Where everyone belong to one of 3 classes; First Estate - clergy, Second Estate - Nobility, Third Estate - Majority of people.
The First Estate
98% of population; At top were the bourgeoisie or middle class; Most were rural peasants; poorest were urban workers
The Estates General
medieval council made up of representatives of all French Classes
Over thrown and executed in 1793; he was forced to call estate general because France almost bankrupt
monarchy in which the king has absolute power
The Tennis Court Oath
Delegates of National Assembly took this oath in tennis court and swore never to separate and to meet wherever needed until a sound constitution was established
On July 14, 1789 Stormed the Bastille (French Prison) to get weapons; became symbol of French revolution; Bastille Day is still celebrated today
The National Assembly
Third Estate; declared they represented the people; called themselves the National Assembly
The Reign of Terror
Robes Pierre chief architect of this; It lasted from July 1793 - July 1794, more than 40,000 people were executed by guillotine. They were considered traitors to the republic.
Chief architect of Reign of Terror
The Committee of Public Safety
Robespierre was leader of this. Its job was to protect public from aristocrat regaining power and from enemies of the Republic