The New Deal

FDRs policies which tried to end the depression

Dust Bowl

severe drought in parts of Oklahoma,Kansas,Colorado,New Mexico,and Texas in which the top soil dried out and was carried away by the wing causing blinding dust storms

Liberty Bonds

name given to war bonds which were sold to raise the money needed to help pay for WWI

Victory Gardens

name given to the gardens plantewd during both the first and second world wars in which Americans grew their own fruits and vegetables

Rosie the Riveter

name given to an independent looking womwn to convince women they could perform the jobs during war time that men had done before being called to serve in the military

American Imperialism

the period when America sought to control the political and economic fortunes of weaker nations such as Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines after the Spanish-American War

Neutrality

the policy of not taking sides in a conflict between nations

Intervention

the policy of becoming involved in the affaires of other nations or of taking side in a dispute between nations

Isolationism

the policy of remaing isolated from the political affairs of other nations

Rationing

having the amount of a product needed for war limited to the civilian population

Spoil System

begun by Andrew Jackson, it rewards political supports with jobs an favors

Holocaust

name given to the attempted extermination of the Jewish people by the Nazis during WWII

Marshall Plan

plan to provide Europe with $13 billion to rebuild their economies so they would not fall to communism

Communism

an economic system in which all property is owned by the community (government)

Manhattan Project

top secrete project to develop the atomic bomb

Civil Rghts Movement

a movement begun to achieve the rights due to all American citizens but denied to African Americans

Harriet Tubman

an escaped slave who risked her life over and over returning to the south to help guide other slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad

Uncle Toms Cabin

a novel about the cruelties of slavery which convinced thousands of northerners of the immorality of slavery

Abolitionist

a person that wants slavery ended

Populist Party

political party formed by farmers and labor unions in 1891 that called for an income tax,regulation of railroad rates, an eight hour workday,restrictions on immigration and help with falling farm prices

Fugitive Slave Act

part of the Compromise of 1850 that angered many northerners because the law required northerners to help slave catchers capture Afican Americans accused of being runaway slaves

Electoral College

a group of electors from every state who meet every four years to vote for the Presidenr and Vice-president of the US

Lyndon Johnson

became president when Kennedy was assassinated, instituted the Great Society programs and escalated the Vietnam War

Global Warming

slow and steady rise in the temperature of the earth

Air Pollution

the fouling or dirtying of the air

Acid Rain

the term acid rain is commonly used to mean the existence of acidic components in rain, snow, fog, dew, or dry particles

Articles of Confederation

the first constitution, or government, of the United States

Confederacy

the government of the Southern States in that seceded from the Union during the Civil War

Civil War

1861-1865 a war between the Northern and the Southern sections of the United State which occued when the south tried to leave the Union

Child Labor Concerns

concern over the number of children working long hours in dangerous conditions for little pay

Labor Unions

an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions

Landforms

natural phsical featurs of earth's surface( hills, valleys, plateaus, mountains, plains)

Columbian Exchange

world-wide exchange of goods and ideas that began with Columbus's voyages to the Americas

Envirment

all the external factors influencing the life and activities of people, plants, and animals

Virginia House of Burgesses

representative assembly in colonial Virgina

Bill of Rights

first ten Constitutional Amendments

Peter Stuyvesant

governor of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam

Reasons English Settlers Came to America

God, Gold, and Glory

Causes and Effects of the French and Indian War

competition for land led to a conflict between England and france resulting in the end of the french power in North America

Albany Plan of Union

an attempt by Benjamin Franklin to create one general government for the thirteen colonies

Amendments

changes of the Constitution which allow it to be a living, growing document

Industrial Revolution

process by which machines replace hand tools and steam and other sources of power replace human and animal power

Hariet Beecher Stowe

author of Uncle Toms Cabin

Southern Secission from the Union

because of lincolns firm stand against the expansion of slavery, his election in 1860, as president, caused Southern states to vote to leave the Union wich lincoln would not allow;the result was the Civil War

Dred Scott v. Sanford

Supreme Court decision that ruled the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional

Reconstruction Era

rebuilding of the south by the north from 1864-1877

Ku Klux Klan

terroist group that used violence and fear to keep freed blacks from voting in the south

Native Americans Reservations

land set aside by the federal government for Native Americans to live on and where they were forced to learn new ways

Dawes Act

1877 encourged Native Americans to become farmers and give up their culture and way of life

Homestead Act

1862, promised 160 acres of land to anyone who farmed it for five years ;it encourged settlement of the west

Ellis Island

inspection station for European immigrants

Upton Sinclair

muckraker who authored The Jungle about the abuses of the meat packing industry

How the Other Half Lives

book by Jacob Riis about the terrible conditions in the tenements

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

fire that broke out in a sweatshop in which nearly 150 young women lost their lives; led to building code reforms

John D. Rockefeller

multimillionaire who dominated the entire oil industry

Primary Source

a document written at the time an event occued such as a diary or journal

Standard Oil

many oil compaies combined into one giant corporation which dominated the entire oil industry; put together by John D.Rockefeller

Assimilation

to become part of

Harlem Renaiassance

revival of black culture in New York City during the 1920s

Roaring Twenties

name given to the decade of the 1920s due to the rapid expansion of the economy and dramatic changes in culture

19th Amendment

vote for women

Hoovervilles

name given to poorly constructed group of dwellings for homeless communities

Margin or Credit

buying stocks by placing as little as 10% down, helped cause the stock market crash in 1929

Law of Supply and Demand

states that the price of some good changes in relation to the supply of it and the demand for it, the greater the demand the greater the price

Social security Administration

is an independant agency of the United states federal government that administers social security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disab

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set