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The national government assumed its greatest power during

the great depression

the general term for money paid by one level of govt to another is

grant-in-aid

which of the following was a major principle decided by mcculloch vs maryland?

elastic clause

money awarded for broad general purpose is called a

block grant

the national govt controls its grants to states through detailed rules, regulations, and restrictions because

the national govt does not trust the states to use the money for the purpose for which it is given

the year 2000 budget reflects the fact that grants to states and local gov for _____ policy programs continue to be dominant

health

construction of the massive interstate highway system

gave the national govt leverage to regulate many behaviors indirectly related to highway travel

the framers of the constitution avoided making a specific list of all powers and limitations of state and national govt because

they believed they could not specify every power that might be needed to run the govt

the principle that states retain certain attributes of sovereignty, including immunity from lawsuits, was declared

by the supreme court in 1996

what type of grant would be best if the applicant is conducting medical research with an unknown outcome?

block

what type of grant would be best if the applicant is attempting to secure funding for highway funds to widen a particular roadway

categorical

when SCOTUS overruled the virginia court decision allowing execution of a mentally retarded convicted murderer, it strengthened ______ and would be like a _____

dual-federalism, restraint

what kind of grant-in-aid allows the recipient f the grant the least discretion in determining how to spend the money?

categorical

If SCOTUS had reached the opposite result in Printz vs US

the federal govt could have lawfully ordered local officials to conduct felony background checks for gun ownership

the general conclusion of SCOTUS vs Lopez was that

there are limits to the national govt ability to regulate behavior based on the commerce clause

SCOTUS interpretation of the commerce clause has historically

served to increase national power

the effect of national emergencies and judicial interpretation on federalism has been to

increase the power of the national govt

the legal basis for national govt action to regulate state voting laws resides in

the 15th amendment

the voting rights act of 1965 authorizes the appointment of national voting examiners to examine and register voters for all elections if denial of voting rights seems to be widespread. this clearly

intrudes upon political sovereignty of the states

President george bush issues an order to mobilize state national guard units to action in Iraq. This power is not written down specifically in the constitutions language detailing commander in chiefs responsibilities. What type of power is bush exercising?

implied power

in the american political context, a structure of cooperative federalism seems most conducive to policies advocated by

liberals

the 10th amendment gives what levels of govt additional written powers?

the states

in response to events of 9/11/01, congress and the president enacted the PATRIOT act using primarily what authority?

the elastic clause

someone who believes that the elastic clause of the constitution should be narrowly interpreted is most likely to endorse the concept of

dual federalism

the shift away from dual federalism and towards cooperative federalism was a response to problems associated with

the great depression

which metaphor best describes dual federalism?

layer cake

which metaphor best describes cooperative federalism?

marble cake

the constitutional provision that made cooperative federalism possible is

the elastic clause

a power not specifically mentioned in the constitution but necessary if another specific grant of power is to be carried out is called

implied power

a proponent of states rights would argue that

the national govts powers should be interpreted narrowly

dual federalism is the practice of

allowing states and federal govt to exercise power separately in areas of legitimate concern to them

federalism is able to unify diverse groups of people because

it does not require citizens to be ruled by majorities from different regions with different interests

the question of who holds the authority over state militias reflect

the difficulty of drawing the line between what is great and aggregate vs what is local and particular

a state's militia may take action upon

both federal and state

the concept of citizenship held by the framers of the constitution

both the us and its home states

a new iraqi system which gives govt representation to minority and majority interest equally while also establishing a central govt body with independent power is called

federalism

federalism is a combination of which two ideas?

unitary govt and a confederation

a president who wishes to influence a governor must do so through

negotiation and persuasion

the title given to the leader of the US senate is called

president of the senate

when the florida supreme court ordered recount of popular votes cast in certain counties and the SCOTUS would ruled that no recount is called

plural federalism

sovereignty

is a quality possessed by a govt is supreme authority over a certain area

in the 2000 pres election controversy the final decision regarding the legality of floridas voting rules was determined by

the supreme court

president clinton had no power to order FL gov jeb bush to recount the 2000 presidential election ballot because

governors have sovereignty in their own states

the 2000 presidential election illustrated

sovereignty of state govts to maintain and supervise their own precise rules governing the act of voting

without the decision Gibbons vs Ogden, SCOTUS would have

reached a similar result to that of today concerning states rights over national rights

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