Final Exam

Created by tiffany_laubach 

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Which of the following preparations should be used with caution in diabetic patients?

Syrup

Match the following terms with their descriptions below
Powders within gelatin container
Powders compressed in a mold
Aqueous solution of a sugar
Solution containing alcohol, sugar, and water
Suspensions of fat globules in water

5: capsule
1: tablet
4: syrup
2: elixir
3: emulsion

A common side effect of niacin is?

Flushing of the face and ears

Lack of vitamin B12 may produce which of the following types of anemia?

Pernicious

Potassium is measured in which of the following units?

mEq

To maximize the absorption of calcium, which supplement should be taken with it?

Vitamin D

Iron supplements may be used to prevent which of the following?

Anemia

The range of microorganisms against which an antibiotic agent has activity is called?

Spectrum

The cephalosporin antibiotic agents are structurally related to which of the following?

Penicillin drugs

Which antibiotic agent is sometimes used for patients who are allergic to penicillin?

erythromycin

Patients with compromised immune systems often develop thrush, an example of what type of infection?

Fungal

The patient taking didanosine (Videx) should have what type of frequent examinations?

Eye examination

To minimize the risk of toxicity from sulfonamide medications, the patient is instructed to?

Keep the urine dilute by maintaining a high-volume intake of fluids

In teaching about treatment of diabetes with glipizide (Glucotrol), the patient must be asked a history of sensitivity to sulfa drugs because?

Many oral diabetic medications, including glipizide, have a similar sulfa base, and cross-sensitivities are possible

Which of the following is a tetracycline antibiotic agent?

doxycycline (Vibramycin)

hich of the following would be effective in treating a respiratory fungal infection?

amphotericin B (Amphocin)

Which of the following should not be prescribed for a patient with a known penicillin allergy?

cephalexin (Keflex)

Which of the following is NOT true of HMG CoA reductase inhibitors

They may be discontinued when lipoprotein levels are lowered

Tolnaftate (Tinactin) is commonly prescribed for which of the following conditions?

Athlete's foot

Which of the following is NOT true about tetracyclines?

They should be given with milk products.

A medication error may be made by which of the following?

all of the above

Which of the following inhalers contains a corticosteroid agent?

flunisolide (Nasalide)

Medications that are being prescribed for conditions other than what the FDA originally approved them for are called?

off-label

Fluticasone and salmeterol (Advair Diskus) is an appropriate treatment for which of the following?

Prophylaxis of asthma

Alteplase (Activase) is useful in the treatment of myocardial infarction because of its ability to do which of the following?

Dissolve blood clots

Aspirin is used after a stroke or myocardial infarction for which of the following reasons?

Prevention of platelet aggregation

Because of the common side effects produced by many antilipidemic medications, patients who are taking these drugs should have which of the following laboratory tests performed periodically?

Liver function tests

Which of the following is the antidote for acute warfarin (Coumadin) toxicity?

phytonadione (Mephyton)

One common route of administration of heparin is?

Intravenous

Clopidogrel (Plavix) is used to achieve which of the following effects?

Inhibition of platelet aggregation

Long-term use of opioid analgesic agents often leads to which of the following conditions?

Constipation

Which of the following provides a mechanical barrier to gastric ulcers?

sucralfate (Carafate)

Which of the following is an antiemetic agent used to control nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy?

granisetron (Kytril)

As a deterrent to overdosing with Lomotil (diphenoxylate), which of the following is added to the medication?

Psyllium

Which of the following is commonly used to evacuate the bowels before surgery?

Magnesium citrate

Bethanechol (Urecholine) is used in the treatment of which of the following?

Urinary retention

By reducing levels of C-reactive protein, infliximab (Remicade) has been shown to provide relief from which of the following?

Inflammation of joints in rheumatoid arthritis

By binding to tumor necrosis factor, etanercept (Enbrel) has shown effectiveness in treating?

Rheumatoid arthritis

Which of the following is a potassium-sparing diuretic agent?

amiloride (Midamor)

Which of the following is a disorder caused by missing or deficient antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

Diabetes mellitus

Which drug is an example of a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor?

celecoxib (Celebrex)

Match the abbreviation and its significance.
intramuscularly
three times a day
intravenously
twice a day
before meals
after meals
as needed

4: IM
3: tid
5: IV
1: bid
7: ac
6:pc
2: prn

Which of the following are routes of administration for nitroglycerin?

all of the above

Match the following terms with their descriptions below
Irregular rhythm, such as cardiac rhythm.
Insufficient blood flow to the heart with resulting spasm of the cardiac muscle causing chest pain.
Deprivation of blood supply to the heart due to blocked coronary arteries with resulting necrosis of the myocardium
Buildup of fatty plaque on the walls of arterioles.
Thickening of arteriole walls, causing loss of elasticity and ability to contract.

4: arrhythmia
3: angina pectoris
1: myocardial infarction
5: atherosclerosis
2: arteriosclerosis

Match the following terms with their descriptions below
: An unintended, undesirable, and unpredictable effect
: The expected response to a drug.
: The level above which the desired therapeutic dose has been reached and poisonous effects occur.
: A mild but annoying response to a drug.
: Hypersensitivity to a medication.

3: adverse reaction
1: desired effect
2: toxicity
4: side effect
5: allergic reaction

The NDC identifies the?

all of the above

Which of the following is NOT true of nitroglycerin?

It is a stable medication and is effective until the expiration date whether the bottle has been opened or not

Which of the following is NOT true about the treatment of hyperlipidemia?

Medications are the first line of treatment for hyperlipidemia.

Interpret the following prescription. Cynaocobalamin 1 mL SC stat and then q month

Cyanocobalamin one milliliter by injection subcutaneously now and then once a month

nterpret the following prescription. Digitoxin 0.25 mg Sig: tab i qd pc breakfast if pulse is above 60

Digitoxin 0.25 mg. Take one tablet before breakfast and with other meals if pulse is above 60.

Antihypertensives cure hypertension?

False

Zantac is an anti-anxiety medication?

False

Zelnorm is used to treat high cholesterol?

False

Celexa is a common medication used to treat arthritis pain?

False

Oxybutynin is a used to treat pain

False

Levothroid (levothyroxine) is

T4

Prevacid is used in the treatment of

GERD

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