Ch. 11 (Guaranteed A!)

Created by jc4l 

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Same quizlet, just re-newed it cuz peopl were sayin they couldnt find it

Where is the Islamic Empire located?

on the Arabian Peninsula

How big (in percent) is Saudi Arabia compared to the U.S.?

20%

What type of land is the Arabian Peninsula made of?

Desert plateau with sparse vegetation

What type of Climate does the Arabian Peninsula have?

arid desert with little rain and extreme temperature changes

What is a big problem for people living on the Arabian Peninsula?

a lack of drinkable water

Where do most people go in the Arabian Peninsula and why?

most go to the coastal areas for water and milder temperatures

The Arabian Peninsula has one of the largest deserts. What is it called?

Rub 'al Khali

What does the name of the desert in the Arabian Peninsula mean?

empty quarter

What country is considred Islam's birth place?

Saudi Arabia

What is the capital of Saudi Arabia?

Riyadh

Who is the chief of state/head of governent of Saudi Arabia?

King Abdallah

What language is spoken in Saudi Arabia?

Arabic

What sect did Muhammad follow?

hanif

What are their laws on voting?

women are not allowed to vote

What is the name for Arab nomads?

Bedouins

Where do Arab nomads spend the summers?

at an oasis

Where do Arab nomads spend their winters?

at pasture lands

What are the leaders of the Arab nomads called?

Sheikh

Where was Muhammad born and when?

in Mecca 570 AD

What does Islam mean in Arabic?

submission to the will of god

Who was Muhammad's first wife and when were they married?

Khadijah in 595 AD

When Muhammad was a kid most people were __________.

polytheists

It is believed that the Kaaba was given to ________ by the angel _______.

Abraham, Gabriel

What angel did Muhammad see?

Gabriel

How old was Muhammad when he saw an angel?

40 years old

What does the angel say to Muhammad when he sees him?

there is only one god and his name is allah

When and where did Muhammad and his followers go when they were persecuted?

they went to Yathrib in 622 AD

What is the journey called when Muhammad and his followers leave Mecca?

the Hijrah

What is the first year of the Muslim calendar called?

the Hijrah

What is Yathrib later named?

Medina

What is Medina or Yathrib also known as?

the City of the Prophet

When they arrive in Yathrib what do Muhammad and his follwers do for the next few years?

fight Meccans

In 630 AD what do Muhammad and his follwers do?

return to Mecca with an army

After defeating the rulers what does Muhammad do?

rededicates the Kaaba to one god, Allah (Thank Chocolat123!)

When does Muhammad die?

632 AD

In what language are the Islam rules?

Arabic

What is the central belief of Islam?

no god but allah, muhammad is his prophet

What is the "bible" of Islam?

the Qur'an

How many chapters are in the book of Islam and how are they arranged?

114 chapters arranged from longest to shortest

What are the chapters of the book of Islam called?

Suras

Saddam Hussein came from what country to attack what country?

Iraq; Kuwait

What is the holy month during which fasting takes place?

Ramadan

What is the struggle to defend the faith?

Jihad

What are the sayings and actions of Muhammad called?

Hadith

What are 5 key words for the 5 Pillars of Islam?

1. one god, 2. pray five times, 3. zakat, 4. fast during Ramadan, 5. Make a Hajj

What is the first pillar of Islam?

Declaration of faith-Recite the words of the witness, "There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger"

What is the Second Pillar of Islam?

Pray 5 times a day towards Mecca

What is the Third Pillar of the Faith?

Give alms or charity (money or food) to the needy

What is the 4th Pillar of the Faith?

fast during the month of Ramadan

What is the Fifth Pillar of Islam?

Make a journey to Mecca at least once in lifetime

What is a journey to Mecca called?

a Hajj

What month are you supposed to make a Hajj?

the 12th month of the Muslim calendar

Where are you supposed to go in Mecca when making a Hajj?

to the Kaaba

What are you supposed to do at the Kaaba?

walk around the outside counter clockwise 7 times

What is it called when you walk around the Kaaba?

a tawaf

________ do not have to make a Hajj

Pregnant women

What is it called when multiple wives are allowed?

polygamy

Muslims cannot eat ______ or drink ______.

pork, alcohol

________ is someone who doesn't believe in Islam according to Islam's

infidel

_________ is permitted in Islam.

slavery

_________ cannot be slaves.

Muslims

There is no official _______.

clergy

What is the building that Muslims worship in many times a year called?

a mosque

True or false: King Abdallah is the only absolute monarch in the world today?

true

What does the Qur'an present?

God's law and the teachings as they were revealed to Muhammad.

True or False: Muhammad detested the Bible and the Torah.

False: He accepted both

What did Muhammad believe about Judaism and Christianity?

That the religion mislead the people about God's intentions

What do Muslims believe is the sacred word of God?

Qur'an

True or False: Qur'an is final authority on all matters.

True

What do the Muslims believe God's message emphasizes?

Honesty, generosity, and social justice

Who is a muezzin?

Person who recites the call to worship

What does fasting during the Ramadan do?

Commemorates revelations Muhammad had from Gabriel

In Muslim countries, prayer is announced from a ___.

minaret

True or False: When you pray toward Mecca, prayer is first and ritual washing is second

False: Wash first then prayer

What did trading cause? (Spread of cultures...)

Cultural diffusion

What were the main two occupations in Saudi Arabia? (This is the wording of Mrs. Hess, NOT ME!!!)

Traders and Nomads

What occupation was Muhammad?

Caravan trader (Around Justinian's rule)

True or False: Muhammad came from a wealthy family.

False: He was poor

Why does Muhammad marry Khadijah?

She was wealthy

Who were Bedouins?

Nomads who lived in tribes with a Sheikh as their leader and made a living through herding. (Camels, sheep, goats)

What is desalinization?

Taking salt out of water

What is an oasis?

Underground water

Why did people try to harm Muhammad, and who were they?

Merchants were upset, because they would make their money from polytheistic people going to the Kaaba to worship idols, and while they were they would buy things

What is potable?

Drinkable

True or False: Saudi Arabia is very arable.

False

What is arid?

Very dry

What is arable?

Farmable

What is the capital of Egypt?

Cairo

What is the capital of Saudi Arabia?

Riyadh

Oman is a ____ country.

Non-contiguous

What is latitude?

Imaginary liines that measure how far an object is from the equator through north or south.

What is longitude?

Imaginary lines that measure how far an object is from the prime meridian through west or east

What is the capital of Syria?

Damascus

What is the Suez Canal?

Artificial canal

What is the capital of Iraq and what river is it located on?

Baghdad, Tigris River

What sea separates Africa and Asia?

Red Sea

What is a narrow strip of land that connects two larger bodies of land?

Isthmus

What do the Tigris and Euphrates river run into?

Persian Gulf

What does Caliph mean?

Successor to the prophet

Explain the Muslim wise policies toward conquered people (possible essay question?)

If you were Jewish or Christian you could convert or pay higher taxes and keep your religion; polytheists could convert or die

Explain how the Muslim Empire had strong leaders/armies.

Many tribes would sign treaties rather than fight with them

What strait did Tariq cross?

Strait of Gibraltar

What does Tariq conquer?

Spain

What did the majority of the conquered people in Spain do? (Convert, die, pay higher taxes)

Stayed Christian and paid higher taxes

What is a steppes?

Treeless, flat plain

What kind of trade did the Muslims have?

Domestic

What are two accomplishments of Abu Bakr?

Unites Arab tribes and expands empire and Islam to Syria

What were the accomplishments of Uthman?

Extend land across Northern Africa

What was Uthman accused of commiting?

Nepotism and taking bribes

What is neopotism?

Favoring family members

What were the accomplishments of Umar?

Conquers Iraq, Persia, and North Africa

What were the reasons for the successful spread of Islam? (Possible essay question?)

Strong leader and army; wise policies for conquered people

What does Sunni mean?

Way of the Prophet

What does Shi'ah mean?

Party of Ali

Who did the Sunni believe should lead the Muslim people?

A qualified pious person chosen by the Muslim community

Who did the Shi'ah believe should lead the Muslim people?

Infallible imams who would decide religious and worldly matters

Why were Imams infallible?

Because God was speaking through them

What % of Muslims are Sunni?

90%

What % of Muslims are Shi'ah?

10%

What countries have the majority Sunni?

Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Algeria

What countries have the Shi'ah as the majority?

Iran, Iraq, and Yemen

Who makes the capital of Syria Damascus?

Muawiyah

What was the invention used to find your position on Earth?

Astrolabe

Why did the Muslim empire have a strong economy?

They had a strong trade industry (international and domestic), strong textile industry, and strong metal industry.

Why was the textile industry so prosperous?

They sold rugs/carpets for praying and tapestries

Why was the metal industry so prosperous?

They manufactured jewelry and steel swords

Describe the Muslim government.

Organized into 3 caliphates (Baghdad, Cairo, Cordoba), and the Qur'an was the law in most countries

Describe the family.

Parents chose marriages, father was leader, elders were respected, and woman's status improved under the Qur'an

How did woman's status improve under the Qur'an?

They had the right to just treatment, could control property, and could refuse the arrangement made by their parents for marriage

What advancements were made in medicine?

Process for developing drugs, improved surgical instruments and techniques, new standards of hygiene and sanitation, ability to diagnose diseases, and hospitals are treatment facilities

What advancements were made in geography?

Improved navigation instruments (astrolabe) and updated maps

What advancements were made in Math.

Adopted 0-9 number system from India, decimal system from India, and created Al Jabr (Algebra)

What advancements were made in the arts?

Forbid use of images of god and animals, mosques were very decorative (geometric, floral, and abstract designs), and calligraphy was popular

What is the Dome of the Rock?

Famous architectural structure in Israel that contains the Foundation Stone, which is believed to be the Holy of Holies in Judaism where Muhammad spoke to God. (Any 1 got a better def, leave it in the comments)

What is a a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water?

Strait

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