Chapter 9, Multiple Choice

75 terms by Brandy9143

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I missed a few, I just don't know which ones they are but you will still get an A if you cope this.

The name of the condition when waste products are allowed to build up in the blood is:
A.pyuria
B.uremia
C.hematuria
D.anuria

B

Urine production takes place in the:
A.bladder
B.nephrons
C.ureter
D.renal pelvis

B

Which is NOT an organ of the urinary system?
A.urethra
B.bladder
C.liver
D.kidney

C

The renal blood vessels enter and leave the kidney at the:
A.cortex
B.renal papilla
C.medulla
D.hilum

D

The renal papilla empties urine into the:
A.ureter
B.calyx
C.renal pelvis
D.nephron

B

The correct order for the renal tubules is:
A.distal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, proximal convoluted tubule, collecting duct
B.collecting duct, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule
C.proximal convoluted tubule, collecting duct, distal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle
D.proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, collecting duct

D

In homeostasis, the kidney regulates the:
A.amount of water in the body
B.levels of electrolytes
C.pH
D.all of the above

D

Which stage of urine production involves the removal of substances from the bloodstream?
A.reabsorption
B.secretion
C.excretion
D.filtration

D

Which stage of urine production involves returning water, nutrients, and electrolytes to the bloodstream?
A.reabsorption
B.secretion
C.excretion
D.filtration

B

Which stage of urine production involves adding ammonia, uric acid, and other waste substances directly into the renal tubule?
A.excretion
B.filtration
C.reabsorption
D.secretion

B

Under normal circumstances, which substance should NOT be found in urine?
A.blood
B.albumin
C.glucose
D.none of the above

D

Which finding would you expect in a normal urinalysis?
A.cloudy appearance
B.a few red blood cells
C.trace amounts of protein
D.trace levels of ketones

A

The presence of ketones in the urine may indicate:
A.anemia
B.diabetes
C.kidney infection
D.renal failure

B

A pregnant woman with preeclampsia may have ________ in her urine.
A.glucose
B.bacteria
C.protein
D.blood

C

Which term means releasing urine from the body?
A.voiding
B.micturition
C.urination
D.all of the above

D

Which combining form is misspelled?
A.pyel/o
B.meat/o
C.glycos/o
D.glomeral/o

D

Which suffix is misspelled?
A.-lithiasis
B.-urea
C.-ptosis
D.-tripsy

B

Which medical term is misspelled?
A.cystorrhagia
B.ureteral
C.urinometer
D.uretheral

D

Which medical term is misspelled?
A.cystopexy
B.nephroma
C.lithotomy
D.nephrolitheasis

D

Which medical term is misspelled?
A.cystectomy
B.pyelitis
C.nephrosis
D.nephroectomy

D

Which medical term is misspelled?
A.oligouria
B.anuria
C.proteinuria
D.glycosuria

A

Which kidney structure empties into the ureter?
A.renal papilla
B.renal pyramid
C.renal pelvis
D.calyx

C

Which structure is NOT part of the renal corpuscle?
A.loop of Henle
B.glomerulus
C.Bowman's capsule
D.all of the above

A

Which molecule is an electrolyte?
A.Na+
B.Cl-
C.K+
D.all of the above

D

Specific gravity indicates:
A.the amount of water in the urine
B.the amount of acid in the urine
C.the amount of blood in the urine
D.the amount of dissolved substances in the urine

D

Which term means kidney stone?
A.nephrolith
B.nephrotomy
C.nephroma
D.nephrogram

A

Which term means surgical repair of the bladder?
A.cystoplasty
B.cystopexy
C.cystoscope
D.cystostomy

A

Which term means drooping kidney?
A.nephrostomy
B.nephromegaly
C.nephroptosis
D.nephrosis

C

Which term means kidney softening?
A.nephrosclerosis
B.nephroptosis
C.nephritis
D.nephromalacia

D

Which term means pain in the urethra?
A.urethritis
B.urethralgia
C.ureteralgia
D.ureterectasis

B

Which term means renal pelvis inflammation?
A.pyeloplasty
B.pyelogram
C.renitis
D.pyelitis

D

Which term means condition of blood in the urine?
A.hematuria
B.glycosuria
C.pyuria
D.dysuria

A

Which term means condition of difficult urination?
A.polyuria
B.anuria
C.ketonuria
D.dysuria

D

Which term means condition of scanty amount of urine?
A.oliguria
B.dysuria
C.polyuria
D.nocturia

A

________ is the accumulation of nitrogenous waste in the bloodstream.
A.Micturition
B.Azotemia
C.Calculus
D.Renal colic

B

________ is a greater than normal occurrence of the urge to urinate, without an increase in the total daily volume of urine.
A.Enuresis
B.Frequency
C.Diuresis
D.Hesitancy

B

________ is feeling the need to urinate immediately.
A.Micturition
B.Urgency
C.Frequency
D.Stricture

B

________ is the pain associated with a kidney stone
A.Stricture
B.Uremia
C.Micturition
D.Renal colic

D

A ________ is the narrowing of a passageway in the urinary system.
A.calculus
B.stricture
C.nephrolith
D.catheter

B

Which condition allows red blood cells and protein to enter the filtrate?
A.glomerulonephritis
B.nephroptosis
C.nephrolithiasis
D.polycystic kidneys

A

Which condition is commonly called a floating kidney?
A.nephrotic syndrome
B.nephrolithiasis
C.nephromegaly
D.nephroptosis

D

Renal cell carcinoma occurs in which kidney cells?
A.glomerular cells
B.cortex cells
C.tubule cells
D.renal pelvis cells

C

A neurogenic bladder results in:
A.urinary incontinence
B.urinary retention
C.protein in the urine
D.anuria

A

Hematuria may be a symptom of:
A.renal failure
B.enuresis
C.bladder cancer
D.urinary retention

C

In a cystocele, the bladder bulges into the:
A.urethra
B.colon
C.vagina
D.kidney

C

Which condition affects the renal pelvis?
A.pyelonephritis
B.renal cell carcinoma
C.glomerulonephritis
D.nephrolithiasis

A

A patient with nephrolithiasis is suffering from:
A.renal failure
B.an infection
C.stones
D.cancer

C

Which condition is a kidney infection?
A.urethritis
B.glomerulonephritis
C.meatitis
D.interstitial cystitis

A

Which term refers to frequent nighttime urination?
A.nocturia
B.azotemia
C.diuresis
D.urgency

A

Which term refers to frequent urination?
A.polyuria
B.anuria
C.oliguria
D.dysuria

A

Which clinical laboratory test measures the amount of nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.blood urea nitrogen
B.urinalysis
C.culture and sensitivity
D.creatinine clearance

A

Which clinical laboratory test requires the collection of urine for 24 hours?
A.blood urea nitrogen
B.clean catch specimen
C.creatinine clearance
D.culture and sensitivity

C

Which clinical laboratory test can identify an infection?
A.blood urea nitrogen
B.culture and sensitivity
C.urinalysis
D.both B and C

B

________ involves taking X-rays to trace the action of the kidney as it expels a dye injected into the bloodstream.
A.Renography
B.Excretory urography
C.Retrograde pyelogram
D.Cystography

B

________ visualizes the bladder with X-rays after instilling dye directly into the bladder.
A.Excretory urography
B.Cystoscopy
C.Cystography
D.Intravenous pyelogram

C

Which X-ray visualizes the renal pelvis with dye?
A.EU
B.BUN
C.KUB
D.IVP

D

Which X-ray does NOT involve injecting a dye into the bloodstream?
A.cystography
B.excretory urography
C.intravenous pyelogram
D.all of the above

A

Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy uses ________ to treat kidney stones.
A.radiowaves
B.ultrasound
C.surgery
D.X-rays

B

Which therapeutic measure uses an artificial kidney machine?
A.peritoneal dialysis
B.catheterization
C.hemodialysis
D.lithotripsy

C

Which therapeutic measure is used to treat renal failure?
A.culture and sensitivity
B.peritoneal dialysis
C.catheterization
D.extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy

B

Which term means surgical crushing of a stone?A.lithomegaly
B.lithotomy
C.lithomalacia
D.lithotripsy

D

Which term means surgical fixation of the bladder?
A.cystotomy
B.cystectomy
C.cystoplasty
D.cystopexy

D

Which term means enlarged kidney?
A.nephromalacia
B.nephrostenosis
C.nephromegaly
D.nephrosclerosis

C

Which term means kidney tumor?
A.nephroma
B.nephromegaly
C.nephrosis
D.nephropathy

A

Which term is misspelled?
A.nephrolithiasis
B.hemodialysis
C.pyelitis
D.ureterral

D

Which term is misspelled?
A.diuresis
B.incontinence
C.enuresis
D.urethrrhagia

D

Which term is misspelled?
A.glomerulonephritis
B.nephroptosis
C.cystoscopy
D.urinalosis

D

Which term is misspelled?
A.azotemia
B.micturition
C.retention
D.hemidialysis

D

Which term is misspelled?
A.nephroectomy
B.cystorrhagia
C.glycosuria
D.urologist

A

Which abbreviation is NOT an electrolyte?
A.HCO3-
B.Na+
C.K+
D.NS+

D

Which abbreviation is a blood test?
A.UTI
B.KUB
C.BUN
D.ATN

C

Which abbreviation is an X-ray?
A.KUB
B.C&S
C.CRF
D.GU

A

Which abbreviation is a lab test?
A.HD
B.I&O
C.NS
D.UA

D

Which abbreviation is an X-ray of the renal pelvis?
A.ESRD
B.IVP
C.KUB
D.BNO

B

Which abbreviation is a treatment for kidney stones?
A.UTI
B.ARF
C.BUN
D.ESWL

D

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