French Revolution Congress of Vienna

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The event that symbolically started the French Revolution was

the storming of Bastille

The Parisan radicals who demanded the execution of Louis XVI were known as

Jacobins

The period in the French Revolution when Maximilien Robespierre controlled events was called

Reign of Terror

Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power through his control of the

army

Venezuela, Columbia, and Ecuador owed their independence to the brilliant leadership of

Simon Bolivar

What was a result of the French Revolution?

King Louis XVI was beheaded and absolutism ended in France

The fall of the Bastille was important because it

showed popular support for revolutionary change

The group in power during the Reign of Terror was called the

Jacobins

During the Reign of Terror, Robespierre tried to

crush all opposition to the revolution

The Reign of Terror ended when

Robespierre was executed

How did the French Revolution end in 1799?

Napoleon took power as dictator

Which of the following was NOT a major cause of the French Revolution? a. French participation in the American Revolution b. the rise of Napoleon c. the influence of Enlightenment ideas d. dissatisfaction with the French absolute monarchy

b. the rise of Napoleon

The former slave who led a revolution against France, ultimately making Haiti an independent country in 1804, was

Toussaint L'Ouverture

Simon Bolivar and Toussaint L'Ouverture were Latin American leaders of

independence movements

Which of the following leaders is NOT correctly matched with the area in which they led revolutionary movements? a. Toussaint L'Ouverture=Haiti b. Simon Bolivar=South America c. Robespierre=Great Britain d. Napoleon=France

c. Robespierre=Great Britain

Ideas from what period influenced the French Revolution?

Enlightenment

What event began the French Revolution?

storming of the Bastille

Which of the following was NOT a cause of the French Revolution? a. the strong leadership of Louis XVI b. Enlightenment thinking c. inequalities of French society d. influence of American Revolution

the strong leadership of Louis XVI

What happened to Louis XVI?

was accused of treason and executed

The Reign of Terror refers to the period in which...

the Jacobins ruthlessly crushed their enemies

Who was the Jacobin revolutionary who led the Reign of Terror and the Committee of Public Safety?

Maximilien Robespierre

What was the goal of the Reign of Terror?

to make the republic safe and secure

Which of the following was NOT a result of the French Revolution? a. French absolute monarchy ended b. Napoleon rose to power c. bourgeoisie gained political power d. all men were allowed to vote

d. all men were allowed to vote

The king at the beginning of the French Revolution was

Louis XVI

What did the people of Latin America establish because of the influence of the Marican and French revolutions?

independent nations

The French, Portuguese, and Spanish colonies in the Americas gained independence from their mother country because they were influenced by the...

American and French revolutions

Who rose to power through a coup d'etat against the Directory?

Napoleon

Poor farmers, common workers, and the middle class in the cities were part of which estate?

the Third Estate

Which of the following was NOT a cause of the French Revolution? a. the spread of Enlightenment ideas b. most people in France were without rights or freedoms c. France was deeply in debt d. the First and Second Estates were very angry because of the high taxes they had to pay

d. the First and Second Estates were very angry because of the high taxes they had to pay

French Independence Day takes place on July 14 and remembers the day when

the Bastille prison was captured by a mob who freed the prisoners and stole the gunpowder

The bourgeoisie were

middle class people like doctors and lawyers

What was the result of the Reign of Terror?

40,000 people were beheaded and teh Directory took over

What happened to the King and Queen of France during the Revolution?

They were tried for treason and beheaded

What was the ultimate goal of the French Revolution?

to gain freedom and equality for all French people in a democracy

Louis XVI was executed after being accused of...

conspiring against the nation

What movement encouraged people to question and distrust what they were told?

Enlightenment

What event influenced the French Revolution and increased the debt of France?

the American Revolution

How did the Napoleonic Code reflect Enlightenment principles?

It guaranteed the equality of all citizens before the law

What is the lasting effect of Napoleon's rule?

Napoleonic Code of law

Napoleon's conquest of Europe was responsible for awakening feelings of resentment toward foreign rule and the desire for independence. What are these feelings called?

Nationalism

At the height of his power, Napoleon controled...

France, and western, central, and southern Europe

What written code of law reflected the liberal ideas of the Enlightenment and the ideals of the French Revolution?

Code Napoleon

The Code of Napoleon was important for all of the following reasons EXCEPT a. it became the basis of many European law codes b. Napoleon instituted it throughout Europe and his empire c. it gave all people equal rights under the law d. Catholicism became the official religion of France

d. Catholicism became the official religion of France

The Napoleonic Wrs were fought by Napoleon for all of the following reasons EXCEPT a. he wanted to conquer Europe b. he wanted to spread the idea of the French Revolution c. he wanted to collect gold and silver for his palace d. he wanted to expand his empire and power

c. he wanted to collect gold and silver for his palace

A major result of Napoleon's military campaigns in Europe was...

an awakening of nationalistic feelings across Europe

The French people supported Napoleon Bonaparte because he...

brough glory and national pride to France

Napoleon was finally defeated at the battle of...

Waterloo

Napoleon reformed the French legal system by...

reorganizing French law into the Code Napoleon

All of the following were events during Napoleon's empire EXCEPT a. Code Napoleon b. Napoleonic Wars c. growth of nationalism d. growth of conservatism

d. growth of conservatism

All of the following are TRUE statements about the Code Napoleon EXCEPT a. it reflected liberal ideas of the Enlightenment b. it reflected the ideals of French Revolution c. the laws applied to all citizens d. the laws were enforced by the king

d. the laws were enforced by the king

What is important about the Code Napoleon?

it became the basis of many European law codes

All of the following were legacies of the French Revolution EXCEPT a. secular society b. feelings of nationalism c. democratic ideas d. balance of power

d. balance of power

What meeting made decisions for Europe after the fall of Napoleon?

the Congress of Vienna

What feelings did Napoleon awaken in Europe?

nationalism and national pride

Napoleon's return to power ended at the battle of...

Waterloo

A defensive strategy in which weak countries join together to match or exceed the power of a stronger country is...

balance of power

What event was the turning point of Napoleon's empire?

Invasion of Russia

The belief that the people who share the same culture an ethnicity belong together in a state of self-rule is what?

Nationalism

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