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The Draft

North and South men from 18-45 foreced to serve in the Army

Battle of Antietam

Bloodiest battle of war - ended in a tie

First Battle of Bull Run

First battle of the war to try and capture Richmond. South won.

Clara Barton

Started the American Red Cross

Union Blockade

North's ships stopped supplies and food from coming into the Southern ports

Sherman's march through Georgia

Gen Sherman marched from Atlanta to Savannah destroying every thing in his path.

Appatomattox

After the south post the Battle of Petersburg. lee surrendered to Grant endin the Civil War.

Costs of the War

Billions of dollars, families members torn apart, over 620,000 men killed

African-Americans at war

Poorly trained and equipped, less pay, over 200,000 African American soldiers volunteered to fight the South

Strengths of the North

More population, more railrtoads, more factories, more men and bigger navy

Weaknesses of the North

Bad military leadership, the South had the best leaders

Strengths of the South

Home game on their own territory, saw the war as their fight for independence

Weaknesses of the South

Less of everything that the North had except the South had the best generals and were more willing to fight

The Monitor

First iron-clad ship of the Northern navy

The Merrimac

First iron-clad ship of the Southern navy. Fought to a tie,ans changed the way they built ships.

Control of the Mississippi

Part of the Anaconda Plan to split the South into two parts

The Confederate Home Front

The South was running out of supplies, food and crops were failing no ammo - a mess.

The Massachussets 54th

First group of ex-slaves who joined to fight against the South

Battle of Fort Wagner

Took place in South Carolina where the 54th fought bravely but lost the battle

Battle of Vicksburg

Decisive batle wherer the North finally gained controlof the Mississippi River after a long battle

Battle of Richmond again

Third and final try to capture the Southern capital

Lincoln re-elected

In 1964, because of Grant and the Northern army successes Lincoln was re-elected

Abolitionists

Mostly from the North, they were against slavery anywhere, anytime.

Battle of Gettysburg

Fouthe in Pennsylvania on July 4, 1863. It was the fartherest North the South would ever get t

The Emancipation Proclamation - Jan. 1, 1863

A proclamation of President Lincoln freeing all slaves

The Anaconda Plan

Final Northern plan to end the War by Capturing Richmond, Blockading Southern ports and splitting the South by taking the Mississippi River

Jefferson Davis

The first and only President of the South during the Civil War.

Role of women in the War

took men's places and jobs so men could go and fight, started the Nurses

New Orleans, La.

Major city of the Mississippi River and coptrol of this city helped the North control the Miss. River

Medical knowledge

Horrible during the War. More soldiers died of diseases and infections in the hospitals than on the battlefield

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