1) A literary tradition is
the written form of a language
2) A form of a language spoken in a local area is a
3) A group of languages that share a common origin but have since evolved into individual languages is a
4) A group of languages that share a common ancestor before recorded history is a
5)The second-largest language family is
6) When languages are depicted as leaves on trees, the roots of the trees below the surface represent
possible prehistoric superfamilies.
7) When languages are depicted as leaves on trees, the trunks of the trees represent
8) Germanic invaders of England included which tribe?
9) Both the Angles and the Normans contributed to the development of the English language, because they
10) English is the most important language in North America primarily because of
the diffusion of English colonies.
11) The first speakers of the language that evolved into English were tribes that lived in present-day
12) English is part of which language group?
13) English is part of which language branch?
14) English is part of which language family?
15) Which group of the Germanic family is extinct?
16) The Icelandic language has changed less than any other Germanic language because of
Iceland's relative isolation from other places
17) When people who speak a given language migrate to a different location and become isolated from other members of their tribe
isolation usually results in the differentiation of one language into two.
18) Which of the following is not a Romance language?
19) The language spoken by soldiers stationed throughout the Roman Empire was known as
20) The most widely spoken language in Brazil is
21) A creolized language is
a mix of indigenous and colonial languages.
22) The most widely spoken Indo-European language is
23) The four most frequently spoken branches of Indo-European include all but
24) The two most important languages in South America are
Portuguese and Spanish.
25) The Flemings and Walloons live in what country?
26) The Flemings and Walloons speak languages belonging to different
27) Official languages in Switzerland include all but which of the following?
28) Urdu is the most important language of
29) Russian is part of what language branch?
30) Celtic languages
-were threatened by extinction in England.
-are still spoken by people in France.
-have been revived in some parts of the British Isles.
-have an extensive body of literature.
(all of the above)
31) Marija Gimbutas' theory points to the first speakers of the Indo-European language as the ancient
32) The Kurgans
were horse and cattle herders from the grassland steppes of present day Russia and Kazakhstan.
33) Basque is spoken primarily in
the Pyrenees Mountains.
34) According to Colin Rehfrew's Anatolian hearth theory, Indo-European languages diffused across Europe
with the diffusion of agriculture.
35) The two largest language families in the world are
Sino-Tibetan and Indo-European.
36) The language family encompassing the languages of the People's Republic of China is
37) The language spoken by the greatest number of native speakers in the world is
38) Chinese is written in the form of
39) Hebrew is an example of
a revived language.
40) An Indo-European language is spoken in which of these European countries?
(all of the above)
41) The second most widely spoken language family in Europe is
42) The large number of individual languages documented in Africa has resulted primarily from
thousands of years of isolation between tribal groups.
43) The most important language family in Sub-Saharan Africa is
44) African languages are distinguished by the fact that
linguists continue to add newly discovered languages to the African list.
45) A lingua franca is
a language that is mutually understood by people who have different native languages
46) Dialects developed within England primarily because
different Germanic invaders settled in different regions.
47) British and American English differ in all but which of the following?
48) Immigrants to which American colonies had the most diverse backgrounds?
49) An isogloss is
a boundary between language regions.
50) Franglais is
the use of English in the French language.
51) The Angles, Jutes, and Saxons were Celtic tribes who invaded England 1500 years ago
52) English was spread around the world through the establishment of British colonies.
53) Icelandic has probably changed less over time than any other Germanic language
54) Nearly half the people in the world speak an Indo-European language.
55) Switzerland has four official languages.
56) Germanic, Romance, and Latin are all branches of Indo-European.
57) Evidence suggests the first speakers of Indo-European were the Kurgans
58) Indo-European divided into different branches because of isolation of different speakers.
59) Basque is the only non-Indo-European language currently spoken in Europe.
60) The most spoken language in China is Cantonese.
61) Hebrew is an example of an extinct language.
62) The most frequently spoken Afro-Asiatic language is Arabic.
63) Regional dialects in England can be traced back to the settlement patterns of the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes.
64) Americans spell words differently than the British primarily because of a strong national feeling in the United States for an independent identity
65) New Englanders use a different dialect of English than other Americans because they came from different regions of England.
66) What geographic factor accounts for the fact that both Americans and the British speak English?
Colonies migrated from England
67) What geographic factor accounts for the fact that both Americans and the British use different dialects of English?
Isolation between U.S & Britain.
68) In what country do the Flemings and Walloons live?
What is the official language in the northern half of that country?
What is the official language in the southern half of that country?
69) What is the most important language FAMILY in South America?
What is the most important language BRANCH of that family in South America?
What are the two most important INDIVIDUAL languages in South America?
Indo-European, Romance, Portugeuse, Spanish
70) Name the world's largest language family (used by half of the world's population).
71) Name the world's second largest language family (used by nearly one-fourth of the world's population).
72) Name the most important language branch in each region of Europe.
73) What is the significance of the Kurgans for the study of the geography of languages?
They were the 1st Indo-European speakers.
74) In what three ways does the English used in the United States differ from the English used in the United Kingdom?
Spelling, pronunciation, and vocabulary
75) What is the primary language family in the Middle East?
What is the predominant individual language in the Middle East?
76) In what ways do American and British English differ? What geographic factors explain the similarities and differences in American and British English?
Differences: Spelling, Pronunciation, Vocabulary
Because colonists who migrated here isolated themselves from Britain's English. Similarities: Alphabet
77) How do we know that all Indo-European languages have a common ancestor?
Europe contains languages from all branches of the Indo-European family.
78) Why do people in different regions of the United States speak English differently?
Different dialects based on regions, immigrants, and colonists from Europe came from 3 Germanic tribes.
79) What are the future prospects for different groups of non-English speakers in North America?
Uniqueness due to the fact that most Americans only speak English.
80) Discuss the increasing role of English as the world's lingua franca.
Globalization/Dominance of English, Diffusion to other languages.