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chromosome defects deformities differentiation division DNA encoded enzyme expressed external genes genetic heritable linked mutations polymer protein reactions, regulation repair replication sequence structural synthesis transferred

chromosome

a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order

defects

a failing or deficiency

deformities

an appearance that has been spoiled or is misshapen

differentiation

(biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function

DNA

(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix

encode

convert ordinary language into code

enzyme

any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions

expressed

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

external

outward features

genes

sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait

genetic

tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity

heritable

that can be inherited

linked

connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks

mutations

change in the nucleotide sequence of DNA

polymer

a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers

protein

A three-dimensional biological polymer constructed from a set of 20 different monomers called amino acids.

reactions

The elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.

regulation

the act of controlling or directing according to rule

repair

the act of putting something in working order again

replication

the act of making copies

sequence

the action of following in order

structural

concerned with systematic structure in a particular field of study

synthesis

combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed

transferred

passed from one to another

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